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Query with dynamic Column Name

Posted on 2009-05-16
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Last Modified: 2013-11-13
Hi,

I try to realize something like a query with dynamic column name.  Something like that:

:conditions => ['state="online" and (sub_art="konferenz" or sub_art="kongress") and ? = 1', "b_" + params[:bereich]]

the result of the query is:

SELECT * FROM `veranstaltungen` WHERE (state="online" and (sub_art="konferenz" or sub_art="kongress") and 'b_inv' = 1) LIMIT 0, 10

As you can see, there the error is, that b_inv is in '', so the query does not work. Is there a way to fix it?
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Question by:LL0rd
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by:volkerloges
ID: 24429538
Hi,

You can try to use ruby statements to build the string instead of using the ? for values. e.g.:

:conditions => ['state="online" and (sub_art="konferenz" or sub_art="kongress") and b_' + params[:bereich] + ' = 1' ]

Check params[:bereich] before using it like above to avoid SQL injection.
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by:LL0rd
ID: 24429574
And how can I check the User Input for SQL Injections?
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volkerloges earned 500 total points
ID: 24445631
The columnname shouldn't originate from params[...].
If the content of params[:bereich] is limited, check for all allowed values and allow the request only if the content found is one of them.
If the SQL statement originates in parts from user input, it could concatenate to several SQL statements.
Another step could be to delete white-space and characters like "'.,:;-- from the params[:bereich] content before using the value inside a SQL-statement.

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