?
Solved

stop flicker on game in Delphi 32

Posted on 2009-05-17
5
Medium Priority
?
887 Views
Last Modified: 2013-12-27
How do i stop the flicker in the 2D game engine on the following web site the frames should render smoothly so that there is no flicker in the frame changes.  There is a transparent panel (uses the Tapanel component) for a base of the object and a animate image component to animate the images
The animate image component works on its own to do image processing but when
combined with a scrolling background there is flicker in the image when it is non scrolling (some flicker is to be expected in the scrolling image) to run the demo just move the mouse to the right edge of the screen and movement will start. (there is a exe in the download so you can also see the problem if you don't have delphi 32 ... i think the solution lies in invalidating the draw at the right point perhaps as it may be drawing the background too often........ its for a open source game any hint? thanks
http://ven.virupa.googlepages.com/gameengine
0
Comment
Question by:venvirupa
[X]
Welcome to Experts Exchange

Add your voice to the tech community where 5M+ people just like you are talking about what matters.

  • Help others & share knowledge
  • Earn cash & points
  • Learn & ask questions
  • 2
  • 2
5 Comments
 
LVL 21

Expert Comment

by:developmentguru
ID: 24414756
The practice of using multiple timers is... problematic at best.  Use one timer and fire any events you need from there.  Normally games are done differently from normal windows applications, but in this case I guess you wanted to do it the normal Delphi way.

Place a timer and a PaintBox on a form and make the paint box align client.  Use the following code to see smooth side scrolling with no flicker.  The side scrolling is slow but that is based on the combination of the timer interval and the number of pixels you move per timer event.  This example does a weak job of setting up a background similar to a very old arcade game.  The setup is not perfect, just for an easy to set up example.  

Let me know if you need more.
unit Unit1;
 
interface
 
uses
  Windows, Messages, SysUtils, Variants, Classes, Graphics, Controls, Forms,
  Dialogs, ExtCtrls;
 
type
  TForm1 = class(TForm)
    PaintBox1: TPaintBox;
    Timer1: TTimer;
    procedure FormCreate(Sender: TObject);
    procedure FormDestroy(Sender: TObject);
    procedure PaintBox1Paint(Sender: TObject);
    procedure Timer1Timer(Sender: TObject);
  private
    { Private declarations }
    fBackground : TBitmap;
    PanX : integer;
  protected
    function RandomHeight : integer;
  public
    { Public declarations }
  end;
 
var
  Form1: TForm1;
 
implementation
 
{$R *.dfm}
 
procedure TForm1.FormCreate(Sender: TObject);
var
  TieHeight : integer;
  X, Y : integer;
  LastPoint : TPoint;
  StarColor : TColor;
 
begin
  fBackground := TBitmap.Create;
  with fBackground do
    begin
      Width := 2000;
      Height := 500;
      Canvas.Brush.Color := clBlack;
      //Canvas.Pen.Color := clBlack;
      Canvas.FloodFill(0, 0, clBlack, fsBorder);
 
      //do the mountains
      fBackground.Canvas.Pen.Color := clWhite;
      TieHeight := RandomHeight;
      X := 0;
      Y := TieHeight;
      repeat
        LastPoint := Point(X, Y);
        if X = 0 then
          fBackground.Canvas.MoveTo(X, Y)
        else
          fBackground.Canvas.LineTo(X, Y);
 
        inc(X, (Random(5) + 1) * 25);
        Y := RandomHeight;
      until X >= 1975;
      fBackground.Canvas.LineTo(2000, TieHeight);
 
      //Do the stars
      TieHeight := RandomHeight;
      X := 0;
      repeat
        case Random(5) of
          0 : StarColor := clRed;
          1 : StarColor := clBlue;
          2 : StarColor := clGreen;
          3 : StarColor := clYellow;
          4 : StarColor := clWhite;
        end;
 
        fBackground.Canvas.Pixels[x, Y] := StarColor;
 
        inc(X, (Random(5) + 1));
        Y := Random(300);
      until X >= 2000;
    end;
  DoubleBuffered := true;
end;
 
procedure TForm1.FormDestroy(Sender: TObject);
begin
  fBackground.Free;
end;
 
procedure TForm1.PaintBox1Paint(Sender: TObject);
var
  SR, DR : TRect;
 
begin
  SR := Rect(PanX, 0, PaintBox1.Width + PanX, PaintBox1.Height);
  DR := Rect(0, 0, PaintBox1.Width, PaintBox1.Height);
  PaintBox1.Canvas.CopyRect(DR, fBackground.Canvas, SR);
end;
 
function TForm1.RandomHeight: integer;
begin
  Result := Random(100) + 300;
end;
 
procedure TForm1.Timer1Timer(Sender: TObject);
begin
  inc(PanX, 1);
  PaintBox1.Invalidate;
end;
 
end.

Open in new window

0
 
LVL 21

Expert Comment

by:developmentguru
ID: 24414801
P.S. You will need to manually tie the timer event and the paintbox OnPaint events up.
0
 
LVL 19

Accepted Solution

by:
Barthax earned 2000 total points
ID: 24419464
You could set the panel to be DoubleBuffered in a create method.  This should prevent the flicker.

Panel1.DoubleBuffered := true;
0
 
LVL 19

Expert Comment

by:Barthax
ID: 24431479
I knew there was another way, via handling the windows messages themselves.  Good article at http://delphi.about.com/library/bluc/text/uc052102g.htm on flicker-free covers this.
0
 

Author Comment

by:venvirupa
ID: 24437319
points to Barthax thanks i had seen that page on flicker hacks but lost it in my messy filesystem the panel1.doublebuffered did the trick although now the images appear progressing sideways each frame but thanks anyway I have a new line of enquiry to follow and thanks to developmentGuru for the paintbox code that gives me a line too although further from my current code base  maybe you can split the points (if that can be done)? up to you Barthax
0

Featured Post

New feature and membership benefit!

New feature! Upgrade and increase expert visibility of your issues with Priority Questions.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

If you are interested in the gaming world and want to try World of Warcraft, I'd recommend this basic set of add-ons to get you started.  All add-ons are available either by Google search or on Curse.com. For the person who doesn't want to get in…
In this tutorial I will show you how to use the Windows Speech API in Delphi. I will only cover basic functions such as text to speech and controlling the speed of the speech. SAPI Installation First you need to install the SAPI type library, th…
NetCrunch network monitor is a highly extensive platform for network monitoring and alert generation. In this video you'll see a live demo of NetCrunch with most notable features explained in a walk-through manner. You'll also get to know the philos…
Add bar graphs to Access queries using Unicode block characters. Graphs appear on every record in the color you want. Give life to numbers. Hopes this gives you ideas on visualizing your data in new ways ~ Create a calculated field in a query: …
Suggested Courses

801 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question