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How do I catch numbers from a string also containing characters?

Posted on 2009-05-18
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Last Modified: 2012-06-27
I have a HTML file with a table where each row contains some text and some numbers.
I would like to catch just the numbers from each row and put them into pairs of 5.

A number´s format can be 12345-123 and then I would like to just get the first five digits.

Each five digits should be concatenated to a String and then beeing put into the ArrayList.

I have tried and tried but not succeeded yet. I have submitted my code, maybe it can help a little.
String[] parts = str.split("</?td>");   // get the text between the <td> and </td> tags
            char c;
            int calc=0;
            for(int i=1; i< parts.length; i += 2)
            {
                String nr = null;
                for(int j=1; j < parts[i].length(); j++)
                {
                    c = parts[i].charAt(j);
                    if (Character.isDigit(c))
                    {
                        nr += c;      // Concatenate each 5 digits to a string
                        System.out.print(c);
                        calc++;
                        if(calc%5==0)         // Make a new line each 5 digits
                        {
                            list.add(nr);         // Add the string with 5 digits to the list
                            System.out.println();
                            calc = 0;             // Reset the calculator
                        }
                        
                    }
 
                }
            }

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Question by:Roxxor
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8 Comments
 
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Accepted Solution

by:
wellhole earned 200 total points
ID: 24416141
First of all, always start at index 0 for i = 0 and j = 0.

Put the calc declaration, int calc = 0, after nr declaration, String nr = null.

Do not use calc%5 == 0, because index 0 % 5 is 0. Instead, use calc = 4.
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LVL 9

Assisted Solution

by:wellhole
wellhole earned 200 total points
ID: 24416175
Well, here's the changes.... Changed lines are left aligned.
            String[] parts = str.split("</?td>");   // get the text between the <td> and </td> tags
            char c;
for(int i=0; i< parts.length; i += 2)  // ------- Why += 2?
            {
                String nr = null;
int calc=0;
                for(int j=0; j < parts[i].length(); j++)
                {
                    c = parts[i].charAt(j);
                    if (Character.isDigit(c))
                    {
                        nr += c;      // Concatenate each 5 digits to a string
                        System.out.print(c);
                        calc++;
if(calc == 5)         // Make a new line each 5 digits
                        {
                            list.add(nr);         // Add the string with 5 digits to the list
                            System.out.println();
                            calc = 0;             // Reset the calculator
                        }
                        
                    }
 
                }
            }

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LVL 86

Expert Comment

by:CEHJ
ID: 24416506
It's generally not a good idea to reinvent an html parser, particularly with regexes. Use an html parser, of which you can get many more or less high level parsers. For a high level parser where you can simply address the tables, rows and columns as arrays, try HTMLUnit
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Author Comment

by:Roxxor
ID: 24416549
Thanks, I have changed my mind a little, I think it´s easyier to pick up the whole number (e.g. 12345-1234)
and put it to the list. The amount of code will be much smaller and easier.

My problem:

I get a StringIndexOutOfBoundsException on the first iteration in the loop, but then it prints out all following numbers correctly. Why do I get the exception?
String s = "abcd 12345-1234 efgh";
System.out.println(s.substring(s.indexOf("-")-5, s.indexOf("-")+5)); // Prints 12345-1234 = works fine
 
String[] parts = str.split("</?td>");  
for(int i=1; i < parts.length; i += 2)
{
       try
       {
                    System.out.println(parts[i].substring(parts[i].indexOf("-")-5, parts[i].indexOf("-")+5));
                }
                catch(StringIndexOutOfBoundsException err){System.out.println(err.getMessage()); err.printStackTrace();;}
}

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Author Comment

by:Roxxor
ID: 24416562
The StackTrace says:

java.lang.StringIndexOutOfBoundsException: String index out of range: -7
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LVL 86

Expert Comment

by:CEHJ
ID: 24416938
If you post your html as an attachment that would probably help
0
 
LVL 92

Assisted Solution

by:objects
objects earned 50 total points
ID: 24417199
use split() to split the number instead of using substring()

String[] numbers = field.split("-");
0
 
LVL 1

Author Comment

by:Roxxor
ID: 24421125
Yes, I am also using the split() method but I do nee using the substring() as well to filter out all characters.

I still get ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException and now I´m using split:

A <td> tag with this text: "<td>text text text 12345-123 text text text</td>" should only result in 12345-123 with the below code, but then I get the exception (ArrayOutOfBoundException).

I still don´t get what´s wrong.
String s = "abcd 12345-1234 efgh";
System.out.println(s.substring(s.indexOf("-")-5, s.indexOf("-")+5)); // Prints 12345-1234 = works fine
 
String[] parts = str.split("</?td>");  
// each part[index] now contains a row like <td>text 12345-123 text</td>
 
String[] s = null;
for(int i=1; i < parts.length; i += 2)
{
       try
       {
              s = parts[i].split("-");
              String result = s[0].substring(s[0].length()-4) + "-" + s[1].substring(0,3);  
              System.out.println(result); // should print 12345-123
       }
       catch(StringIndexOutOfBoundsException err){System.out.println(err.getMessage()); err.printStackTrace();;}
}

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