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Concatenating variables in $msg for php email

Posted on 2009-05-18
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Last Modified: 2012-06-27
Greetings,

I know how to basically set up the format for $msg such as:

$msg = "First Order: $tops_1\n" .
             "Name: $name\n" .
             
... etc.  What I need to know is how to concatenate variables on one line if need be.  

I would also like to know is how much freedom there is to format the $msg output in other ways and the formating/syntax to do that.  I know that  \n creates a line break and I think \t creates a tab space but I'm fuzzy on everything else.  I hope this is clear but if not, let me know what more information you need.      
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Question by:max7
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Expert Comment

by:Michael701
ID: 24416854
like this?

$msg = "First Order: $tops_1\n" .
             "Name: $first_name $last_name\n" .
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Author Comment

by:max7
ID: 24416873
but doesn't that just break into a separate line?  

I want to create a continuous string of information with the variables i.e. concatenate them into one long sentence.  I know how to do this otherwise in PHP but not sure how to do it within the mail() using $msg.
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Expert Comment

by:bored321
ID: 24416903
I'm not sure what you mean, like this?

$msg = "First Order: $tops_1 Name: $name";   ect..
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Author Comment

by:max7
ID: 24417033
here's an example using the $_POST variable.  first_name and last_name are form field names from separate text inputs:

$name = $_POST['first_name']. ' ' .$_POST['last_name'];

By writing the POST variable in this manner, both first and last name are posted together i.e. they have been concatenated.  Does that make sense?
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Expert Comment

by:bored321
ID: 24417116
I understand the term concatenated, just not what you want.

like this?

$msg = $tops_1.$name;
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Author Comment

by:max7
ID: 24417455
>>>like this?

$msg = $tops_1.$name;

I'm not sure what "like this?" means ... are you asking me if this is the correct way to concatenate a $msg string?  I'm asking the question because I don't know.  Please clarify what you are asking.
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Expert Comment

by:Michael701
ID: 24417763
Well the . (dot) is used to concatenate strings in PHP.

That being said there are a number of ways to arrive at the same outcome.

$a = "Hello ";
$b = "World!";

$c = $a.$b;
echo $c;
// Hello World!

$d = $a.$b. " this is Michael."
echo $d;
// Hello World! this is Michael.";

//PHP will also evaluate variables when inside double quoted strings. Note: NOT single quoted strings.

$e = "Michael said $a $b";
echo $e;
// Michael said Hello World!

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Accepted Solution

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dkaisla earned 500 total points
ID: 24418010
remove the \n to display the msg in one line
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Author Comment

by:max7
ID: 24418204
>>>remove the \n to display the msg in one line

Based on that advice, should the syntax for the strings below work?

$msg = "Order One - Top: $tops_1, Bottom: $bottoms_1, Color: $color_1, Size: $size_1, Quantity: $quantity_1\n" .
                "Order two - Top: $tops_2, Bottom: $bottoms_2, Color: $color_2, Size: $size_2, Quantity: $quantity_2\n" .

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Expert Comment

by:dkaisla
ID: 24418232
yup, it should display one order per line :)
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Author Closing Comment

by:max7
ID: 31582792
You're right: it worked.  Thanks!
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