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Estimate the Tempdb size

Posted on 2009-06-27
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Last Modified: 2012-05-07
We are moving our enviornment to a new SAN. Is there any best way to calulate the estimated size for allocating tempdb size?
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Question by:venk_r
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Expert Comment

by:Racim BOUDJAKDJI
ID: 24727653
<<We are moving our enviornment to a new SAN. Is there any best way to calulate the estimated size for allocating tempdb size?>>
If you already have a working TEMPDB: multiply the *highest* used space of tempdb PRIMARY filegroup t by 5 then divide that number by the total number of cores on the server to obtain the size each file .   To get that highest value of tempdb used space, you need to monitor the system during at least 2 to 3 days because the value changes all the time.

Example: if the highest value of used tempdb space in a day is 2Gb on a 4 core server then you need about 10Gb of total space  If you have 4 cores then create 4 files of 2.5Gb each and 1 file of 64K.  The 4 files should be configured to NONAUTOGROW and the last file to AUTOGROW (as a safety net in case of the first 4 is filled).

Hope this helps..
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by:venk_r
ID: 24728841
Thanks for the reply.Very useful. Can you also tell me how I can montior tempdb usage?
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by:Racim BOUDJAKDJI
ID: 24729006
<<Can you also tell me how I can montior tempdb usage?>>
You can use  dbcc showfilestats for data files and dbcc sqlperf(logspace)  for log space...
Ex:
use tempdb
go
dbcc showfilestats
then you have total used space with the following formula: (usedextents*64)/1024

run this every minute and take the highest value in the day.
 
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Racim BOUDJAKDJI earned 250 total points
ID: 24729016
What yo can do is program a job that would run every 5 minutes that inserts the content of both dbcc showfilestats  and dbcc sqlperf(logspace)  into 2 different tables.  Once done, simply estimate the highest value of both tempdb data file and tempdb log file.
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by:venk_r
ID: 31597543
thanks
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Author Comment

by:venk_r
ID: 24738109
how do I calculate the size in(mb) based on the usedextents which is output of dbcc showfilestats?
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Author Comment

by:venk_r
ID: 24738119
And also is there any way I can just get the tempdb log using dbcc sqlperf?
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Expert Comment

by:Racim BOUDJAKDJI
ID: 24738233
(usedextents*64)/1024 = size in mb
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