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Perform Find using Dataview in Datagridview without using a For Loop

Posted on 2009-06-27
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Last Modified: 2012-05-07
I have a form that contains a dataviewgrid that can contain a large number of rows.  The sort on the dataview is preset and can also be modified by a pre-defined set of sorts in a dropdown.

The thing I would like to be able to incorporate into this form is a text box where the user can enter a value associated with the FIRST FIELD in the sort order.  At the same time if the sort order contains multiple fields, can I perform a find as I've included common code below to locate the first occurance of the first field in the sort?  I specifically need to be able to move the pointer to this row (glCurrentRow) so that a double-click will allow me to get an ID field hidden in the dataviewgrid.

Dim i As Int64 = 0, vals(1) As Object
        vals(0) = Convert.ToInt64(txtIndex.Text)
        vals(1) = glInvoiceAssessment
        i = dvGlobalDuesInvoices.Find(vals)
        If i >= 0 Then
            glCurrentInvoiceAssessmentEntryRow = i
            glCurrentRow = i
        Else
            glCurrentInvoiceAssessmentEntryRow = 0
            glCurrentRow = 0
        End If

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Question by:TSFLLC
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Expert Comment

by:jpaulino
ID: 24728616
If you are using a DataView, why don't you filter the information using RowFilter() ?
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.data.dataview.rowfilter.aspx 
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Author Comment

by:TSFLLC
ID: 24729061
I can't because the code above populates the glCurrentRow variable which is used with MoveNext / MovePrevious subs on the Entry form.  This variable is critical.

The user is able to click a Browse button on the entry form which opens a form with a datagridview using the same datatable.  However, the user is able to change the sort order with a dropdown that may have 3-4 option sort orders.  Then the user double-clicks on the row (activating and repopulating the Entry form) and because of the MoveNext/Previous buttons on the entry form, I must be able to maintain a current row with the COMPLETE datatable.

But the main issue is wanting to just stop at the first instance of a value in the first field in a sort.
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Expert Comment

by:jpaulino
ID: 24729341
You want to maintain the selected row after the sort ? Is that it ?
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Expert Comment

by:jpaulino
ID: 24729348
Check this workaround:
Option Strict On
 
Public Class Form1
 
    Private currentRowID As Integer
 
    ' looks for the index of the ID
    Function getDGindex(ByVal ID As Integer) As Integer
        Dim dr As DataGridViewRow
        For Each dr In DataGridView1.Rows
            If CType(dr.Cells(0).Value, Integer) = ID Then
                Return dr.Index
            End If
        Next
    End Function
 
    Private Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load
        Dim rnd As New Random
        Dim dt As New DataTable
        dt.Columns.Add("ID", GetType(Byte))
        dt.Columns.Add("Description", GetType(String))
        dt.Columns.Add("Random", GetType(Integer))
 
        Dim dr As DataRow
        For x As Byte = 0 To 100
            dr = dt.NewRow
            dr("ID") = x
            dr("Description") = "Item" & x.ToString.PadLeft(3, "0"c)
            dr("Random") = rnd.Next(0, 1000)
            dt.Rows.Add(dr)
        Next
 
        Me.DataGridView1.DataSource = dt
        Me.DataGridView1.SelectionMode = DataGridViewSelectionMode.FullRowSelect
    End Sub
 
    ' On row leave detects the select ID and stores it on currentRowID 
    Private Sub DataGridView1_RowLeave(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.Windows.Forms.DataGridViewCellEventArgs) Handles DataGridView1.RowLeave
        If e.RowIndex <> -1 And Not Me.DataGridView1.Rows(e.RowIndex).IsNewRow Then
            currentRowID = CType(Me.DataGridView1(0, e.RowIndex).Value, Integer)
        End If
    End Sub
 
    ' After sort is selects again the selected item
    Private Sub DataGridView1_Sorted(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles DataGridView1.Sorted
        Dim index As Integer = getDGindex(currentRowID)
        Me.DataGridView1.CurrentCell = Me.DataGridView1.Rows(index).Cells(0)
    End Sub
 
End Class

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Author Comment

by:TSFLLC
ID: 24729370
>> You want to maintain the selected row after the sort ? Is that it ?
Yes.

As I specified in the Title.....Without a For Loop
I can have upwards of 40-50 thousand records in this datagridview.  Haven't tested it but I would think using a Loop with this many rows would be pathetic in terms of speed/efficiency.  But I'll check it out just to see.
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Accepted Solution

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jpaulino earned 500 total points
ID: 24729380
You can loop in the DataSource instead, using the same code but for the DataSource, that is quicker.
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Author Closing Comment

by:TSFLLC
ID: 31597581

Prefer not to loop but this does work appropriately.
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