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Unable to send an email from perl script.

Posted on 2009-06-27
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Last Modified: 2013-12-18
I am trying to send an email from a perl script using MIME::Lite.  I see this error:
"5.7.0 Must issue a STARTTLS command first",

The email doesn't go out.  I am newbie in this area, please give me step-by-step instructions to resolve this.

Note that I have disabled firewall, but saw no difference.  Also, I tried ports 465 and 587.

This is the perl script I am using:
#!/usr/bin/perl -w
 
# use MIME::Lite package
use MIME::Lite;
 
# set up email
$to = "yyyy\@gmail.com";
$from = "yyyy\@gmail.com";
$subject = "Email Sent via Perl";
$message = "This email was sent using Perl.";
$file = "abc.html";
 
# send email
email($to, $from, $subject, $message, $file);
 
# email function
sub email
{
 # get incoming parameters
 local ($to, $from, $subject, $message, $file) = @_;
 
 # create a new message
 $msg = MIME::Lite->new(
  From => $from,
  To => $to,
  Subject => $subject,
  Data => $message
 );
 
 # add the attachment
 $msg->attach(
  Type => "text/plain",
  Path => $file,
  Filename => $file,
  Disposition => "attachment"
 );
 
 # send the email
 MIME::Lite->send('smtp', 'smtp.gmail.com', Timeout => 60);
 $msg->send();
}

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Question by:Folsomite
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9 Comments
 
LVL 19

Expert Comment

by:Kim Ryan
ID: 24730228
Did you want to specify a mail host of 'smtp.gmail.com' ? The host would normally be the name of the host mail server provided by your ISP, or work organization, one which you have an account setup. It may also need a username and password specified.
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Author Comment

by:Folsomite
ID: 24730264
All the examples I have seen online show host is smtp.gmail.com (when using gmail account to send the email).  The gmail help page also says the same thing: http://mail.google.com/support/bin/answer.py?hl=en&answer=13287

What is the syntax for specifying the username and password?
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LVL 19

Expert Comment

by:Kim Ryan
ID: 24730931
The problem seems to be the need to use TLS or secure sockets, which MIME::Lite will not support. You could try this module http://search.cpan.org/~mincus/Mail-Webmail-Gmail-1.09/lib/Mail/Webmail/Gmail.pm and use specify your password and username
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Author Comment

by:Folsomite
ID: 24731530
SSL is not installed on my machine; however, installing SSL from cpan website seems almost impossible task, because SSL needs SSLeay, TLS and other perl modules.  This thread gives the various issues with getting the SSL installed: http://www.experts-exchange.com/Software/Server_Software/Web_Servers/Apache/Q_22873843.html?sfQueryTermInfo=1+perl+ssl

As for the module teraplane suggested, it in turns needs SSLeay to work---which I couldn't successfully install, look at the above thread for details on the issues.
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LVL 19

Expert Comment

by:Kim Ryan
ID: 24734862
Is gmail your only option? It would be much easier to use a POP mail account if you hace access to one.
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Author Comment

by:Folsomite
ID: 24736528
I have att.net email account which ,I think, is a POP mail account (http://www.wurd.com/settings.php#Accessing). I updated my script to use att email and server, but I am seeing other errors.  

If you have an example of a working script with POP mail account, could you forward it (of course, without password and user ID)?
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Accepted Solution

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Kim Ryan earned 500 total points
ID: 24744441
The example you have looks fine. Just change the send command to something like this

MIME::Lite->send('smtp','some.host',
       AuthUser=>$user, AuthPass=>$pass);
$msg->send();
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LVL 19

Expert Comment

by:Kim Ryan
ID: 24778491
Any luck with my last suggestion?
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