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C# Remove a certain number of characters from the end of a string.

Posted on 2009-06-28
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Last Modified: 2012-05-07
I have been wondering if there was an easy way to just delete the last certain number of characters from a string.

Like, I want to just remove the last 4 or 5 characters from a string.

I have found some round a bout ways to do it, but didn't know if there was a simple way to do it I am just neglecting to find?
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Question by:dcolanduno
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7 Comments
 
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Accepted Solution

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mrjoltcola earned 200 total points
ID: 24732924
Try this for arbitrary chars. This takes 1 char off of the string.

String s = "12345";
s = s.Substring(0, s.Length - 1);
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Expert Comment

by:mrjoltcola
ID: 24732936
Also, a shorthand for Substring that can also come in handy is:

s = s.Remove(3);

Removes everything from the startIndex and on, so the above would leave you with only the first 3 characters
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LVL 86

Expert Comment

by:Mike Tomlinson
ID: 24733116
You could write an Extension method:
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms364047(VS.80).aspx#cs3spec_topic3
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb383977.aspx

Usage:

            string str = "abcde";
            str = str.TrimRight(2);
            MessageBox.Show(str);

Code:
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
 
namespace WindowsFormsApplication1
{
    public static class MyExtensions
    {
        public static String TrimRight(this String str, int NumCharsToTrim)
        {
            return NumCharsToTrim <= str.Length ? str.Substring(0, str.Length - NumCharsToTrim) : "";
        }
    }
}

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LVL 22

Expert Comment

by:cookre
ID: 24733119
I'm a paranoid type - I'd extend mrjoltcola's way thusly:

if (s.Lenth >= NumCharsToChop)  
      s=s.Substring(0,s.Length-NumCharsToChop);
else oops...
0
 
LVL 8

Expert Comment

by:Nate Feinberg
ID: 24733292
Unfortunately, there is no good way to truly remove the last few characters from a String; they are "immutable", meaning that, once created, they may not be changed. In order to "Edit" a string, you always have to have a round-about way of doing so; you have to create a new String with the desired information. Substring does just that, so take your string (let's assume the String you want to "remove" characters from is declared as "String s;"), and assign it to itself using Substring:
s = s.Substring(0, s.Length - numCharsToRemove);
The first argument (0) just means that the Substring should start including characters at position 0. The next argument is how many charactesr to include, so by taking the String's length minus however many characters you want to "remove", we effectively cut off the last few characters of the String.
I realize the question was basically already answered (though not officially), but I figured you may benefit from a more detailed explanation.
Hope it helps,
Nate
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Author Closing Comment

by:dcolanduno
ID: 31597750
Thank you, worked perfectly for what I was attempting to do. Wish there was a way to correct my point slip up! :|
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