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Convert a null value to null value

Posted on 2009-06-29
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Last Modified: 2013-12-17
Hello:

I want to convert a value of a nullable type to another nullable type, in order to get a simple code avoiding to use an IF/THEN sentence.

I thought I could use the Convert class but I found out that a null is not converted to a null even when both types are nullable and can hold the null value.

In the example code below you can see how null is converted to 0 when using int?, so resulting in missing the null.

How could I achieve this?

Thanks in advance,

Juarrero

class Program
    {
        int? a;
        int? b; 
 
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            Program P = new Program();
 
            P.a = null;
 
            // Using Convert
            P.b = Convert.ToInt32(P.a);
            if (P.b == null) { Console.WriteLine("null"); } else { Console.WriteLine(P.b); }
 
            // Without using Convert
            P.b = P.a;
            if (P.b == null) { Console.WriteLine("null"); } else { Console.WriteLine(P.b); }
 
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }

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Question by:juarrero
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3 Comments
 
LVL 5

Assisted Solution

by:johnaryan
johnaryan earned 55 total points
ID: 24735021
I may be missing your point, but you are trying to convert from a nullable type to a nullable type with
P.b = Convert.ToInt32(P.a);
so Convert .ToInt32 has to return a valid non-nullable int

This returns the correct assignment
P.b = (int?)P.a;
0
 
LVL 3

Accepted Solution

by:
_Gerry_ earned 70 total points
ID: 24740622
In the first statement there are two steps:
   1. Convert.ToInt32() converts P.a into a real integer, implicitly converting the null into a zero.
   2. Then the assignment of this zero to a nullable int P.b just results in a zero.  

In the second statement you are just assigning nullable type to nullable type, so P.b becomes a null.

You can do standard castings between compatible types, for example:




long? l=(long?)P.b;
long? m = P.b;
int?  i = (int?)m;      // not a good idea to cast down....
int?  j = P.b as int?;   

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Author Closing Comment

by:juarrero
ID: 31597843
johnaryan provided the first response and _Gerry_ provided a more complete one.

Thanks you both.

Juarrero
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