Simple Question about One-To-Many Relationship between Student and Country Tables - RDBMS SQL

I got Student table and Country table

Student {StudentID, Name, CountryID}
Country {CountryID, CountryName}

1. This means every student can have several countries while every country can not have several students! I do not get it. Does the above structure mean no two students can have same country name?

Student {StudentID, Name}
Country {CountryID, CountryName, StudentID}

Every country name can have several students a student can not have several countries. Can you explain please...

It's funny that it sounds simple but my mind does not seem having the sense of getting it...weird
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Raja Jegan RSQL Server DBA & Architect, EE Solution GuideCommented:
In your example 1, A Student / StudentID can be assigned to a single CountryID.
So a single Country / CountryID can have several students.

In your Example 2, A Country / CountryID can have A single studentID alone.
And A student / StudentID can have several Countries.

And I believe Example 1 is the correct scenario wherein Many students can belong to a single Country.
Hope this helps and revert if I need to explain more.

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F-J-KAuthor Commented:
Ok i got a good picture of it. I will leave the question open for a while then close it....Thanks! A+
I agree:
I think every country could have multiple students but a student cannot be affiliated with more than one country. Now, the only thing that comes to mind are immgirants who hold dual citizenship. In that case still I think it will be county of their current fulltime residentship.
Also, the first structure you posted looks much better with COUNTRYID as foreign key to the Country table. If you go with the second strucure you will have to update your Country table every time a new student is registered. In wihch case you are going to have the same country's entry logged in more than once and I am assuming CountryID is a primary Key so it won't allow duplicates.
Hope this helps.
Raja Jegan RSQL Server DBA & Architect, EE Solution GuideCommented:
Thanks and glad to have helped.
F-J-KAuthor Commented:
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