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Doubts about endforeach

Posted on 2009-06-30
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Last Modified: 2012-05-07
Hi E's, I use foreach for do cycles with arrays, and I want do like a break in foreach, in this case I discover endforeach in php.net.
My doubt about endforeach is what happening when I call endforeach, they finish all the cycle or just the key in that moment?

In practice if I have this array and this code:
1 => um
2 => dois
3 => tres

foreach($array as $element){
if ($element == "um"){
endforeach;
} else {
echo "do something";
}
}

My doubt is if the system run array [2] and [3] after endforeach (finish all cycle foreach or just for the moment that endforeach as call)?

Regards, JC



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Question by:Pedro Chagas
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3 Comments
 
LVL 39

Accepted Solution

by:
Roger Baklund earned 100 total points
ID: 24750820
That is not how to use endforeach. This is not a function, it is an alternative way to end a foreach loop block instead of using {}.

http://php.net/manual/ru/control-structures.alternative-syntax.php

What you need is "break;", like this:
foreach($array as $element){
  if ($element == "um")
    break;
  echo "do something";
}
 
# if you want to skip "um" but continue looping, use "continue;" instead:
 
foreach($array as $element){
  if ($element == "um")
    continue;
  echo "do something";
}

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Expert Comment

by:Roger Baklund
ID: 24750828
Heh, that link was to the russian version of the php manual, but the text on that page is currently in english... for future reference, this is the english version:

http://php.net/manual/en/control-structures.alternative-syntax.php
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LVL 34

Assisted Solution

by:Beverley Portlock
Beverley Portlock earned 25 total points
ID: 24752576
One thing that should be pointed out, because it is easily missed in the documentation, is that the OPENING brace is replaced with a colon so that

foreach( $a as $b ) {
....
}

becomes

foreach( $a as $b ) :
....
endforeach;

Also note that "endforeach" is followed with a ; whereas a } does not  have a following ;

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