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XP power schemes all gone, can't control power options

Posted on 2009-07-01
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Last Modified: 2013-12-11
I have not installed any software or hardware. Only automatic Windows updates and Office updates have been installed.  All of the Control Panel|Power Options|Power Schemes are gone or grayed out.  System insists on putting the monitor into "power save", though I don't want it to.  As a clue, during the period when things changed, many desktop icons changed their design, as if a new set of icons came with one of the automatic updates.  
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Question by:bwruble
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MYCU earned 500 total points
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by:nobus
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a system restore  can get you back quickly !
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by:bwruble
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System restore always fails.
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by:DuaneMizell
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There's a command line option, powercfg.exe, that you can use to change power settings. If you open an ms-dos prompt and type "powercfg /?" It will give you a list of different things you can do, including changing the scheme or components within the scheme.
I would give that a shot.
-D
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by:bwruble
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That just brings up the same screen that comes up in the control panel --- with all the options grayed out.
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by:DuaneMizell
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Are you logged is as a local admin?
When I go to a command promp on a Windows XP machine and type "powercfg /?" I get this:

C:\Documents and Settings\xxxxxxx>powercfg /?
 

POWERCFG [/LIST | /QUERY [name] | /CREATE name | /DELETE name |

       /SETACTIVE name | /CHANGE name settings |

       /HIBERNATE {ON|OFF} | /EXPORT name [/FILE filename] |

       /IMPORT name [/FILE filename] | /GLOBALPOWERFLAG {ON|OFF} /OPTION flag |

       /BATTERYALARM {LOW|CRITICAL} [settings] |

       /DEVICEQUERY queryflags | /DEVICEENABLEWAKE devicename |

       /DEVICEDISABLEWAKE devicename | /?]
 

Description:

    This command line tool enables an administrator to control

    the power settings on a system.
 

Parameter List:

    /LIST, /L       Lists the names of existing power schemes.

    /QUERY, /Q      Displays the configuration of the specified power scheme.

                    If no name is specified, the configuration of the currently

                    active power scheme is displayed.

    /CREATE, /C     Creates a power scheme with the specified name.  The new

                    scheme is created with the properties of the currently

                    active scheme.

    /DELETE, /D     Deletes the power scheme with the specified name.

    /SETACTIVE, /S  Makes the power scheme with the specified name active.

    /CHANGE, /X     Changes settings of the specified power scheme. Additional

                    switches specify the changes as follows:

                        /monitor-timeout-ac <minutes>

                        /monitor-timeout-dc <minutes>

                        /disk-timeout-ac <minutes>

                        /disk-timeout-dc <minutes>

                        /standby-timeout-ac <minutes>

                        /standby-timeout-dc <minutes>

                        /hibernate-timeout-ac <minutes>

                        /hibernate-timeout-dc <minutes>

                        /processor-throttle-ac <throttle>

                        /processor-throttle-dc <throttle>

                    AC settings are used when the system is on AC power.

                    DC settings are used when the system is on battery power.

                    Setting a timeout to zero will disable the corresponding

                    timeout feature.  Supported throttle settings are NONE

                    CONSTANT, DEGRADE, and ADAPTIVE.

    /EXPORT, /E     Exports the power scheme with the specified name to a

                    file.  If no filename is specified, the default is

                    SCHEME.POW.  This additional parameter is supported:

                        /FILE <filename>

    /IMPORT, /I     Imports the power scheme from a file under the specified

                    name.  If no filename is specified, the default is

                    SCHEME.POW.  If a scheme with that name already exists, it

                    is replaced with the new one.  This additional parameter

                    is supported:

                        /FILE <filename>

    /HIBERNATE, /H {ON|OFF}  Enables/Disables the hibernate feature.  Hibernate

                    timeout is not supported on all systems.

    /NUMERICAL, /N  Allows the power scheme to be operated upon to be specified

                    using a numerical identifier.  When using this switch, in

                    place of the name of the power scheme on the command line,

                    specify its numerical identifier.  This switch may be used

                    in combination with the /QUERY, /DELETE, /SETACTIVE,

                    /CHANGE, /EXPORT, and /IMPORT commands.

    /GLOBALPOWERFLAG, /G {ON|OFF}  Turns one of the global power flags on/off.

                    Valid flags (to be used after "/OPTION ") are:

                         BATTERYICON:    Turns the battery meter icon in the

                                         system tray on/off.

                         MULTIBATTERY:   Turns on/off multiple battery display

                                         in system Power Meter.

                         RESUMEPASSWORD: Prompt for password on resuming the

                                         system.

                         WAKEONRING:     Turn on/off wake on ring support.

                         VIDEODIM:       Turn on/off support for dimming video

                                         display on battery power.

    /AVAILABLESLEEPSTATES, /A  Reports the sleep states available on the

                    system.  Attempts to report reasons why sleep states are

                    unavailable.

    /BATTERYALARM, /B {LOW|CRITICAL}  Configures the battery alarm.  The

                    following switches can be specified:

                        /activate <on|off>

                            Enables or disables the alarm.

                        /level <percentage (0 - 100)>

                            The alarm will be activated when the power level

                            reaches this percentage.

                        /text <on|off>

                            Turns the text notification on or off.

                        /sound <on|off>

                            Turns the audible notification on or off.

                        /action <none|shutdown|hibernate|standby>

                            Specifies the action to take when this alarm goes

                            off.  Not all actions are always available.

                        /forceaction <on|off>

                            Force stand by or shutdown even if a program stops

                            responding.

                        /program <on|off>

                            Specifies a program to run.  schtasks.exe /change

                           may be used to configure the program.

    /DEVICEQUERY <queryflags> will return a list of devices that meet the

                    criteria specified in <queryflags>.  Possible values

                    for <queryflags> are:

                    wake_from_S1_supported - return all devices that support

                             waking the system from a light sleep state.

                    wake_from_S2_supported - return all devices that support

                             waking the system from a deeper sleep state.

                    wake_from_S3_supported - return all devices that support

                             waking from the deepest sleep state.

                    wake_from_any - return all devices that support waking

                             from any sleep state.

                    S1_supported - list devices supporting light sleep states.

                    S2_supported - list devices supporting deeper sleep.

                    S3_supported - list devices supporting deepest sleep.

                    S4_supported - list devices supporting system hibernation.

                    wake_programmable - list devices that are user-configurable

                             to wake the system from a sleep state.

                    wake_armed - list devices that are currently configured to

                             wake the system from any sleep state.

                    all_devices - return all devices present in the system.

                    all_devices_verbose - return verbose list of devices.

    /DEVICEENABLEWAKE <devicename> enable the device to wake the system from a

                    sleep state. <devicename> is a device retrieved using

                    the '/DEVICEQUERY wake_programmable' parameter.

    /DEVICEDISABLEWAKE <devicename> disable the device from waking the system

                    from a sleep state. <devicename> is a device retrieved

                    using the '/DEVICEQUERY wake_armed' parameter.

    /HELP, /?       Displays information on command-line parameters.
 

Examples:

    POWERCFG /LIST

    POWERCFG /QUERY scheme

    POWERCFG /QUERY

    POWERCFG /CREATE scheme

    POWERCFG /DELETE scheme

    POWERCFG /SETACTIVE scheme

    POWERCFG /CHANGE scheme /monitor-timeout-dc 15

    POWERCFG /CHANGE scheme /monitor-timeout-dc 0

    POWERCFG /HIBERNATE on

    POWERCFG /EXPORT scheme /file file

    POWERCFG /QUERY number /NUMERICAL

    POWERCFG /GLOBALPOWERFLAG on /OPTION BATTERYICON

    POWERCFG /AVAILABLESLEEPSTATES

    POWERCFG /BATTERYALARM low

    POWERCFG /BATTERYALARM critical /ACTIVATE on /LEVEL 6 /ACTION hibernate

    POWERCFG /DEVICEQUERY wake_armed

    POWERCFG /DEVICEENABLEWAKE "Microsoft USB IntelliMouse Explorer"

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by:johnb6767
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start>run>cmd
powercfg /create "Name Of Profile"
powercfg /setactive "Name Of Profile"
powercfg /change /monitor-timeout-ac 0
powercfg /change /monitor-timeout-dc 0
Does the monitor stay on? And is it set properly with the new Power Scheme?



 
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by:PCBONEZ
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It's uncommon but not unheard of for Malware to slip in with MS's updates. [Automatic or not.]
I've gotten a virus's on fresh installs that way twice.
Once back around 2004. Once in June 2009.
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by:bwruble
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I get an error message for those commands "Windows cannot find [command]. Make sure you have typed it correctly."

Thanks anyway.
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by:bwruble
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Entering powercfg/? from a DOS prompt gives me all that info, but it won't accept commands.  I get "unable to create new power scheme"  It seems that power schemes are files of the form *.pow  A search of the computer finds no *.pow files.
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by:nobus
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maybe time to run sfc /scannow, or a repair install :http://www.michaelstevenstech.com/XPrepairinstall.htm      
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by:johnb6767
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Try replacing powercfg.exe from a known good machine. Delete the WFP copy in c:\windows\system32\dllcache first.....
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by:PCBONEZ
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>> I get an error message for those commands "Windows cannot find [command]. Make sure you have typed it correctly." <<

Yes, that's -exactly- why I suggested what I did.
Malware often affects "start>run>cmd>whatever" in strange ways.

.
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by:johnb6767
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You are right, I was just interested in that single file. SFC often causes too many problems in just trying to get it to work, if your system has had a Service Pack installed, installed form a CDRom/HDD etc....
Thats why I was offering the single fix, and not all of them. Definately not trying to take away from the validity of your comment....
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by:bwruble
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There is no folder "dllcache" in Windows\system32\

What is a "WFP copy"?
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by:bwruble
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Installing clean powercfg.exe made no difference
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by:MYCU
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Have you tried the site I listed in the beginning?
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by:bwruble
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Not yet.  i found it a little scary and a little hard to figure out.
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by:MYCU
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All you have to do is go to the kelly's corner site that it is referencing and do a search for your issue. Just type in "Power" and navigate thorugh until you see the right one. Click on that file and save it. The instructions for what to do with the file are located at the top of the site.
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Author Closing Comment

by:bwruble
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This site had the fix --- line 204 on the right:
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm
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