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how can I get the number of columns in a table, how can I get the column names vb.net sql server ce

Posted on 2009-07-01
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I keep adding columns to tables as I develop however I still want to interact with old tables with less columns
how can I get the number of columns in a table, how can I get the column names
vb.net sqlserverce
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Question by:Dov_B
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8 Comments
 
LVL 60

Expert Comment

by:Kevin Cross
ID: 24756564
If you are already retrieving the data from the table using a DataReader for example with SELECT * FROM your_table, then you can use FieldCount to get the count of columns and GetName(x) to get the name of column at index x.

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.data.sqlclient.sqldatareader_members.aspx

If you are in your SQL server itself, you can use the information schema or syscolumns data to determine the number of columns for a given table without having to select any of the data from the table.
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Author Comment

by:Dov_B
ID: 24756623
I am in vb.net 2008 express
intellisense is not giving me fieldcount when I type
myDataset.Tables(0).fieldcount
nor can I seem to find the get name method
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Accepted Solution

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Kevin Cross earned 2000 total points
ID: 24756653
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Author Comment

by:Dov_B
ID: 24756777
oh I never used the data reader can you tell me how to use it?
here is the code I use for dataset

Dim constringN = "Data Source=" & "c:\Auto\subjects\" & TbFileName.Text & "\" & TbFileName.Text & ".sdf;Persist Security Info=False;"
        Dim myCon As New SqlCeConnection(constringN)
        pvDa = New SqlCeDataAdapter(mSql, myCon)
        myCon.Open()
        ' Create and fill dataset
        pvDs = New DataSet()
        On Error GoTo exitme
        pvDa.Fill(pvDs, mTable)
 
        myCon.Close()

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LVL 60

Expert Comment

by:Kevin Cross
ID: 24756860
You don't need to, I was just pointing out that FieldCount was meant for that.  You can use the DataAdapter like you are to fill the DataSet and then use:

pvDs.Tables(0).Columns.Count
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Author Comment

by:Dov_B
ID: 24757003
what about the names of the columns?
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LVL 60

Assisted Solution

by:Kevin Cross
Kevin Cross earned 2000 total points
ID: 24757085
Once you have the Columns collection, you can loop through and get the name.

Just as a test, you can use this:
pvDs.Tables(0).Columns.Item(0).ColumnName

But for more practical use, you will probably want to do something like this:

For Each c As DataColumn In pvDs.Tables(0).Columns
            c.ColumnName 'Get column name and do something with it
        Next
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Author Closing Comment

by:Dov_B
ID: 31598870
I am asking a related question if you get a chance
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