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Automated removal of expired machines in Active Directory

Posted on 2009-07-02
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Last Modified: 2013-12-05
I'm looking for a way to automate the removal of expired machines (not logged in > 90 days) to help with asset management.
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Question by:Al Caholic
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Brum07 earned 125 total points
ID: 24763426
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by:Shift-3
Shift-3 earned 125 total points
ID: 24763445
If your domain is at the 2003 functional level or higher then you can find inactive computers using the command
dsquery computer -inactive <number of weeks>

Run this from a 2003 server or an XP machine with the adminpak installed.

You could pipe the output of this command to dsrm to delete the accounts, but do so with extreme caution.
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by:Mike Kline
Mike Kline earned 125 total points
ID: 24763534
I really like old computer by MVP Joe Richards for this
http://www.joeware.net/freetools/tools/oldcmp/index.htm
Very nice reports that managment likes too.  
start with
oldcmp -report

Thanks
Mike
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by:mlongoh
ID: 24763610
I've written vbscripts to query the last logon date of a computer's object (depending on the forest and domain operational level, you might have to query each domain controller or if you are running at 2003 native then you can query AD directly) and then based on the results you can delete the objects that are old - or move them to an expired OU and then delete them once they are really old. It's up to you.

The code for getting last logon is somewhat complex, but I will attach it shortly in a subsequent post.

Deleting the object from AD via vbscript is pretty easy:


strComputer = "atl-pro-040"

set objComputer = GetObject("LDAP://CN=" & strComputer & ",CN=Computers,DC=fabrikam,DC=com")

objComputer.DeleteObject (0)

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by:mlongoh
mlongoh earned 125 total points
ID: 24763836
Here's a script that will poll each DC in the domain and determine the most recent last logon date of the computer and output that and whether the computer is enabed or disabled. It expects you to enter the computer name as a command line argument when running the script. You can use pieces of this script and the other small snippet I posted for deleting objects to create one that does the job you want.


On Error Resume Next

Const ADS_UF_ACCOUNTDISABLE = 2
 

strPath = left(wscript.ScriptFullName, len(wscript.ScriptFullName) - len(wscript.ScriptName))
 

strDom = "fabrikam"

Const ADS_SCOPE_SUBTREE = 2
 

'Find DN

strNTName = strDOM & "\" & wscript.arguments(0) & "$"

Const ADS_NAME_INITTYPE_GC = 3

Const ADS_NAME_TYPE_NT4 = 3

Const ADS_NAME_TYPE_1779 = 1

Set objTrans = CreateObject("NameTranslate")

objTrans.Init ADS_NAME_INITTYPE_GC, ""

objTrans.Set ADS_NAME_TYPE_NT4, strNTName

' Use the Get method to retrieve the RPC 1779 Distinguished Name.

strPCDN = objTrans.Get(ADS_NAME_TYPE_1779)

strPCDN = Replace(strPCDN, "/", "\/")
 

wscript.echo strPCDN

LastLog = #1/1/1601#
 

'Get TimeZone offsets

strComputer = "."

Set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:\\" & strComputer & "\root\cimv2")

Set colTimeZones = objWMIService.ExecQuery("Select * From Win32_TimeZone")

For Each objTimeZone in colTimeZones

intTimeZoneBias = objTimeZone.Bias

intDaylightBias = objTimeZone.DaylightBias

Next
 

Set objRootDSE = GetObject("LDAP://RootDSE")

strConfigurationNC = objRootDSE.Get("configurationNamingContext")

Set objConnection = CreateObject("ADODB.Connection")

Set objCommand = CreateObject("ADODB.Command")

objConnection.Provider = "ADsDSOObject"

objConnection.Open "Active Directory Provider"

Set objCommand.ActiveConnection = objConnection
 

objCommand.Properties("Page Size") = 1000

objCommand.Properties("Searchscope") = ADS_SCOPE_SUBTREE 
 

objCommand.CommandText = _

"SELECT ADsPath FROM 'LDAP://" & strConfigurationNC & "' WHERE objectClass='nTDSDSA'" 

Set objRecordSet = objCommand.Execute
 

objRecordSet.MoveFirst
 

'Get lastlogon from each DC and find newest

Do Until objRecordSet.EOF

Set objParent = GetObject(GetObject(objRecordset.Fields("ADsPath")).Parent)

strDCName = objParent.dnsHostName
 

Set objUser = GetObject _

("LDAP://" & strDCName & "/" & strPCDN)
 

Set objLastLogon = objUser.Get("lastLogon")

Set objLastLogonTS = objUser.Get("lastLogonTimestamp")
 

intLastLogonTime = objLastLogon.HighPart * (2^32) + objLastLogon.LowPart 

intLastLogonTime = intLastLogonTime / (60 * 10000000)

intLastLogonTime = intLastLogonTime / 1440
 

dtmLastLogon = intLastLogonTime + #1/1/1601#

dtmLastLogon = DateAdd("n", intTimeZoneBias, dtmLastLogon)

dtmLastLogon = DateAdd("n", intDaylightBias, dtmLastLogon)
 

intLastLogonTimeTS = objLastLogonTS.HighPart * (2^32) + objLastLogonTS.LowPart 

intLastLogonTimeTS = intLastLogonTimeTS / (60 * 10000000)

intLastLogonTimeTS = intLastLogonTimeTS / 1440
 

dtmLastLogonTS = intLastLogonTimeTS + #1/1/1601#

dtmLastLogonTS = DateAdd("n", intTimeZoneBias, dtmLastLogonTS)

dtmLastLogonTS = DateAdd("n", intDaylightBias, dtmLastLogonTS)
 

wscript.echo " " & strDCName & " reports " & dtmLastLogon & " as last logon"

wscript.echo " " & strDCName & " reports " & dtmLastLogonTS & " as last logonTimeStamp"
 

If dtmLastLogonTS > dtmLastLogon Then dtmLastLogon = dtmLastLogonTS
 

If dtmLastLogon > LastLog Then

LastLog = dtmLastLogon

End If
 

objRecordSet.MoveNext

Loop

wscript.echo "Final choice = " & LastLog
 

If Instr(LastLog, " ") > 0 Then

LLArray=Split(LastLog, " ")

LastLog=LLArray(0)

End If
 

AcctStatus1=objUser.userAccountControl

If AcctStatus1 AND ADS_UF_ACCOUNTDISABLE Then

AccountStatus = "disabled"

Else

AccountStatus = "enabled"

End If
 

wscript.echo wscript.arguments(0) & ";" & strPCDN & ";" & LastLog & ";" & AccountStatus
 

wscript.quit
 

'Functions

Function IsAccountDisabled( strDomain, strAccount )

Dim objUser

Set objUser = GetObject("WinNT://" & strDomain & "/" & strAccount & ",user")

IsAccountDisabled = objUser.AccountDisabled

End Function 

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