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FORTRAN linking error

Posted on 2009-07-02
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Last Modified: 2013-11-08
Hi,

I am porting the application with old fortran compiler and old visual studio(VC5) to new fortran compiler 11 and visual studio  2005. Application contains both 'C' and fortran code. I am compiling the fortran code and creating library called server_lib.lib(library is createing with some warnings) and linking to the 'C' code. while linking application is giving some below linking errors.

2>Linking...
2>server_lib.lib(Preparx.obj) : error LNK2005: _SERVERSTUFF already defined in server_lib.lib(Athena7.obj)
2>server_lib.lib(Query.obj) : error LNK2005: _SERVERSTUFF already defined in server_lib.lib(Athena7.obj)
2>server_lib.lib(Utm.obj) : error LNK2005: _SERVERSTUFF already defined in server_lib.lib(Athena7.obj)
2>server_lib.lib(Runvhf.obj) : error LNK2005: _SERVERSTUFF already defined in server_lib.lib(Athena7.obj)
2>server_lib.lib(PFLTPV.obj) : error LNK2005: _SERVERSTUFF already defined in server_lib.lib(Athena7.obj)
2>server_lib.lib(Qdesic.obj) : error LNK2005: _SERVERSTUFF already defined in server_lib.lib(Athena7.obj)
2>server_lib.lib(Headach.obj) : error LNK2005: _SERVERSTUFF already defined in server_lib.lib(Athena7.obj)
2>server_lib.lib(Plotky.obj) : error LNK2005: _SERVERSTUFF already defined in server_lib.lib(Athena7.obj)
2>server_lib.lib(Terrain.obj) : error LNK2005: _SERVERSTUFF already defined in server_lib.lib(Athena7.obj)
2>server_lib.lib(Morpho.obj) : error LNK2005: _SERVERSTUFF already defined in server_lib.lib(Athena7.obj)
2>server_lib.lib(Diflos.obj) : error LNK2005: _SERVERSTUFF already defined in server_lib.lib(Athena7.obj)
2>server_lib.lib(Micro.obj) : error LNK2005: _SERVERSTUFF already defined in server_lib.lib(Athena7.obj)
2>server_lib.lib(OpenGL_F.obj) : error LNK2005: _SERVERSTUFF already defined in server_lib.lib(Athena7.obj)
2>server_lib.lib(Violet.obj) : error LNK2005: _SERVERSTUFF already defined in server_lib.lib(Athena7.obj)
2>server_lib.lib(Fieldp.obj) : error LNK2005: _SERVERSTUFF already defined in server_lib.lib(Athena7.obj)
2>server_lib.lib(Step.obj) : error LNK2005: _SERVERSTUFF already defined in server_lib.lib(Athena7.obj)
2>server_lib.lib(White.obj) : error LNK2005: _SERVERSTUFF already defined in server_lib.lib(Athena7.obj)
2>.\Debug/Server.exe : fatal error LNK1169: one or more multiply defined symbols found


above "serverstuff" is defined in server.for file and this server.for is included in all above files. Please find the below code block from server.for file.

INTEGER iErrPipe !error code for pipe i/o
INTEGER clientIndex !index into client list
CHARACTER*136 Buffer(17) !buffer for pipe i/o
CHARACTER dBuffer(2313) !buffer for pipe i/o
EQUIVALENCE(dBuffer,Buffer)
COMMON/serverstuff/clientIndex,dBuffer

DATA dBuffer(2313)/0/


Why the above code is giving redecleration error? How it worked with previous fortran compiler? When I am commenting the "COMMON/serverstuff/clientIndex,dBuffer" line then it's linking perfectly, but the application is crashed..

Please give me any idea as I don't know about fortran language
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Expert Comment

by:dcesari
ID: 24770541
Hi, the point is that your included bit of code contains both a declaration of a common block, i.e.

COMMON/serverstuff/clientIndex,dBuffer

and its initial definition as

DATA dBuffer(2313)/0/

Actually the initial definition can take place only in a single point of the code, so you should include only the declaration of the COMMON in all your files and the definition with DATA statement should appear only in one of them. Probably the old compiler did not respect strictly the standard and forgave this error, correcting it automatically in some way.
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dcesari earned 500 total points
ID: 24770574
However, COMMON block is a very uncomfortable and obsolete feature of Fortran, if you have a modern compiler, supporting f90 or f95 standard, it should be replaced by a module as the one indicated, then all the procedures that need those data, rather than doing 'include ...' should do 'USE <modulename>' gaining access to the global variables associated with that module. EQUIVALENCE also is a dangerous instruction that should be avoided.
MODULE serverstuff
 

INTEGER :: iErrPipe !error code for pipe i/o

INTEGER :: clientIndex !index into client list

CHARACTER(len=1),PARAMETER :: nullc = char(0) !null character

CHARACTER(len=136) :: Buffer(17) !buffer for pipe i/o

CHARACTER(len=1) :: dBuffer(2313)=nullc !buffer for pipe i/o

EQUIVALENCE(dBuffer,Buffer)
 

END MODULE serverstuff

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