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Probem Converting C/C++ Windows code to Visual C#

Posted on 2009-07-07
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Last Modified: 2012-05-07
The code Im trying to convert is shown below. It returns the pointer to a COM port in the variable "CommPort". The function "InitPort" is in a DLL and its signature is also shown below.

HANDLE CommPort = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;
int vReturn = InitPort(CommPort);

 __declspec(dllexport) int  InitPort(HANDLE &mhCommunicationPort);

Now this code works fine in the windows C/C++ application. "commPort" returns a pointer to a COM port as expected.

But I need to get this working in a visual C# application (dont ask why!).
Ive been told the equivalent of HANDLE in C# is IntPtr so Ive been trying this in my C# application.

[DllImport(@"MyFunctionDLL.dll")]
static extern int InitPort(IntPtr h);

IntPtr CommPort = new IntPtr(-1);
int vReturn = InitPort(CommPort);

but Im getting an exception somewhere in the bowels of the "InitPort" function.

Has anyone any idea why this may be failing?

I dont believe I should have to delve into the actual code of "InitPort" (not at this stage anyway) since I should just be trying to find the right datatype to match up the C# and C/C++ Windows code.
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Question by:rangers99
3 Comments
 
LVL 5

Accepted Solution

by:
Pablissimo earned 250 total points
ID: 24793267
Since the C code specifies that the handle's passed by reference, you could try changing the C# extern definition and the subsequent call:

[DllImport(@"MyFunctionDLL.dll")]
static extern int InitPort(ref IntPtr h);

IntPtr CommPort = new IntPtr(-1);
int vReturn = InitPort(ref CommPort);

What's the exception you're getting? Can't actually see the above change fixing it but it might be worth a go
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:rangers99
ID: 31600540
Pablissimo

Many, many thanks. You've fixed it buddy. Cheers
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LVL 39

Expert Comment

by:itsmeandnobodyelse
ID: 24794611
You may think of a mixed assembly (dll) where managed C++ and unmanaged C++ were linked together.

Then the C# could call the managed functions of that assembly while the managed functions in the C++ mixed assembly could call the unmanaged functions without any problems.

See

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/x0w2664k.aspx


Note, the mixed code dll is of project type CLR - Class Library. To use it in the C# add the dll file to the references.

See more at  http://www.ondotnet.com/pub/a/dotnet/2004/03/29/mcpp_part3.html?page=1

 
// C++ (all in one IJW assembly)
 

#include <iostream>
 

// the code below is only for compile

// use the C++ headers where InitPort function was supplied
 

typedef void *HANDLE;

#define INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE		((HANDLE)(-1))
 

int InitPort(HANDLE& cp)

{

   cp = ((HANDLE)(0));

   return 0;

}

 

namespace UnmanagedCode

{

   HANDLE InitPort()

   {

       HANDLE commPort = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;

       int vReturn = ::InitPort(commPort);

       if (vReturn == 0 && commPort != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)

          return commPort;

       return NULL; 

   }  
 

}
 

using System::IntPtr;
 

 

namespace ManagedCode

{

   public ref class InitPortWrapper

   {

      public:

         static IntPtr InitPort()

         {

            HANDLE h = UnmanagedCode::InitPort();

            IntPtr ip(h);

            return ip;

         }

   };

}
 

// C# code (seperate assembly)

 

using System;

using System.Collections.Generic;

using System.Linq;

using System.Text;
 

using ManagedCode;
 
 

namespace testinitport

{

    class Program

    {

        static void Main(string[] args)

        {

            IntPtr ip = InitPortWrapper.InitPort();

        }

    }

}

 

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