Solved

T-SQL Returning nearest date

Posted on 2009-07-07
11
1,069 Views
Last Modified: 2012-06-27
Hi. I'm trying to retrieve the unique ID's closest to today's date. So only ID's 1,2,3 that have the newest dates. See table below. Thanks.
----------------------------------------------
myDate                               ID
----------------------------------------------
4/02/2009 12:00:00 AM      1
1/05/2009 12:00:00 AM      1
3/07/2009 12:00:00 AM      3
6/07/2009 12:00:00 AM      3
8/07/2009 12:00:00 AM      1
8/07/2009 12:00:00 AM      2
0
Comment
Question by:helpdeskis
  • 3
  • 3
  • 2
  • +2
11 Comments
 
LVL 40

Expert Comment

by:mrjoltcola
ID: 24799682
Assuming all dates are in the past, this should work.

select id, max(myDate) from tbl
group by id;
0
 
LVL 59

Expert Comment

by:Kevin Cross
ID: 24799686
How are you defining nearest?  Within what interval?  In other words, has to be within a month ago or in the future or within a month either way or etc...
0
 
LVL 40

Expert Comment

by:mrjoltcola
ID: 24799688
If not, just add a where clause:

select id, max(myDate) from tbl
where myDate < getdate()
group by id;
0
Efficient way to get backups off site to Azure

This user guide provides instructions on how to deploy and configure both a StoneFly Scale Out NAS Enterprise Cloud Drive virtual machine and Veeam Cloud Connect in the Microsoft Azure Cloud.

 
LVL 59

Expert Comment

by:Kevin Cross
ID: 24799689
Or possibly you meant max (newest) date for each ID like MrJoltCola showed.  That would make sense, especially if your date format above is dd/MM/yyyy versus MM/dd/yyyy as I thought it was.
0
 
LVL 60

Expert Comment

by:chapmandew
ID: 24799716
here are how you can find the dates closest to the current date...


select case when datediff(d, mindate, convert(varchar(10), getdate(), 101)) > datediff(d, maxdate, convert(varchar(10), getdate(), 101)) then maxdate else mindate end
from (
select as mindate = max(mydate) from tablename
where mydate < convert(varchar(10), getdate(), 101),
select as maxdate= min(mydate) from tablename
where mydate > convert(varchar(10), getdate(), 101)
) a
0
 
LVL 25

Expert Comment

by:imitchie
ID: 24800175
Since you have posted in sql server 2005, here you go.
As you can see, I have put some comments in case you need to vary it slightly to suit your needs.
select ID, myDate
from (
	select rn=ROW_NUMBER() over (order by myDate desc)
	where myDate <= GETDATE() -- closest (on or before) current date(time)
) X
where rn = 1 -- only one record for each unique ID

Open in new window

0
 
LVL 25

Accepted Solution

by:
imitchie earned 500 total points
ID: 24800185
Apologies, I forgot to add the columns into the inner select.  You can add other columns just as easily.
select ID, myDate
from (
        select rn=ROW_NUMBER(), ID, myDate over (order by myDate desc)
        where myDate <= GETDATE() -- closest (on or before) current date(time)
) X
where rn = 1 -- only one record for each unique ID

Open in new window

0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:helpdeskis
ID: 31600951
Thanks,that gets the job done.
0
 
LVL 40

Expert Comment

by:mrjoltcola
ID: 24800643
Hi, I am not objecting, but I am curious why this solution was chosen over the other valid ones?

0
 
LVL 59

Expert Comment

by:Kevin Cross
ID: 24803251
I would agree.  That is a whole lot of code to just get ID and max date per ID which seems like what you wanted.  You would use the accepted approach if you had additional columns of data necessary that could not be aggregated.  If all you have is the column or columns that you are grouping by and columns that need aggregation like max(date) then http:#24799688 is much simpler (KISS principle).
0
 

Author Comment

by:helpdeskis
ID: 24809704
I didn't want max date per ID, I wanted max date of only ID's 1,2,3. So if I added additional ID's like 4 & 5, then return only ID's 1,2,3,4,5. As you can see, there are mutliple ID's with different dates.
0

Featured Post

NAS Cloud Backup Strategies

This article explains backup scenarios when using network storage. We review the so-called “3-2-1 strategy” and summarize the methods you can use to send NAS data to the cloud

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

Suggested Solutions

Title # Comments Views Activity
sql help 8 55
SQL Server - Set Value of Multiple Fields in One Query 10 25
Separate 2 comma delimited columns into separate rows 2 33
Merge two rows in SQL 4 17
Introduction Hopefully the following mnemonic and, ultimately, the acronym it represents is common place to all those reading: Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally (PEMDAS). Briefly, though, PEMDAS is used to signify the order of operations (http://en.…
Introduction: When running hybrid database environments, you often need to query some data from a remote db of any type, while being connected to your MS SQL Server database. Problems start when you try to combine that with some "user input" pass…
A short tutorial showing how to set up an email signature in Outlook on the Web (previously known as OWA). For free email signatures designs, visit https://www.mail-signatures.com/articles/signature-templates/?sts=6651 If you want to manage em…

831 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question