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How do I format the dates when creating table?

Posted on 2009-07-08
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Last Modified: 2012-05-07
How do I properly format the dates in the following?
Date_Added & Date_Modified
Thanks!
Beth
CREATE TABLE CUSTOMER_SHIPPING_ADDRESS                           
  ( CUSTOMER_SHIP_ID (8,0) NOT NULL    
  , CUSTOMER_NO NUMBER(8,0) NOT NULL
  , CUSTOMER_SHIP_TYPE CHAR(1)
  , DATE_ADDED DATE(1)
  , DATE_MODIFIED DATE(30)
  , ADDRESS_1_SHIP VARCHAR2(50)
  , ADDRESS_2_SHIP VARCHAR2(50)
  , CITY_SHIP VARCHAR2(30)
  , STATE_SHIP VARCHAR2(20)
  , ZIPCODE_SHIP NUMBER(5,0)
  , COUNTRY_SHIP VARCHAR2(30)
  , CONSTRAINT CUSTOMER_SHIPPING_ADDRESS_PK PRIMARY KEY(CUSTOMER_SHIP_ID)           
  , CONSTRAINT CUST_SH_TYPE CHECK (CUSTOMER_SHIP_TYPE IN ('W', 'M', 'D', 'O'))
  , CONSTRAINT CUSTOMER_SHIPPING_ADDRESS_FK     FOREIGN KEY (CUSTOMER_NO)  
  , REFERENCES CUSTOMER(CUSTOMER_NO))                
                           
;

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Question by:ba_trainer
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6 Comments
 
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by:pssandhu
ID: 24804849
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mrjoltcola earned 500 total points
ID: 24804865
>>DATE_ADDED DATE(1)
>>, DATE_MODIFIED DATE(30)

THis is not the correct syntax. Just use DATE or TIMESTAMP

DATE_ADDED DATE
, DATE_MODIFIED DATE


dates are not stored in any special format, they are only formatted when you query them, using the default NLS_DATE_FORMAT as the default format, or using TO_CHAR() functions to explicitly format.

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by:Kevin Cross
ID: 24804883
Normally you don't format dates in the data structure.  It will store the date as the system needs it.  Now what matters is what format / language your system is setup to handle as that is how it will interpret literal dates if not specified.  You will want to format dates on output.

BTW, don't believe you need (1) or (30) with DATE data type.  Don't believe that even does anything, but maybe I am wrong as I am more of a MS SQL Server guy myself.
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by:schwertner
ID: 24805558
DATE type in Oracle has fixed internal format and length and format.
The designer uses the DATE or TIMESTAMP type to declare them.

Because the input of the DATE is in character string we use
TO_DATE conversion function like

TO_DATE('12-7-2008 14:15:55','mm-DD-yyyy hh24:MI:SS')
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Expert Comment

by:awking00
ID: 24805786
See attached.
comments.txt
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