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C; GD; image output not working

Posted on 2009-07-08
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Last Modified: 2012-05-07
I'm using C to develop a dynamic image set with GD, and am having problems with the output of the image.  The source is simple right now so that I can just get the stupid thing working.  The provided code below compiles without error or problem (using gcc -Wall -lgd testimage.c -o testimage).  When I run it from the command line, the output appears as it should (the content type shows up and then the PNG header and then PNG data), but when I load it in a browser, it doesn't work.

Firefox keeps telling me "You have chosen to open 'testimage' which is an 'application/octet-stream'.  If I embed the image in HTML code using an <IMG> tag, I just get the broken image thing.  IE will not display it either.  I must be missing something.

Any ideas why it's not working?

#include <stdio.h>
#include "gd.h"
 
int main(void)
{
  gdImagePtr im;
  int        black;
  int        white;
 
  im    = gdImageCreate(64, 64);
  black = gdImageColorAllocate(im, 0, 0, 0);
  white = gdImageColorAllocate(im, 255, 255, 255);
 
  gdImageRectangle(im, 0, 0, 63, 63, black);
  gdImageLine(im, 0, 0, 63, 63, white);
 
  printf("Content-Type: image/jpeg\n\n");
  gdImagePng(im, stdout);
 
  gdImageDestroy(im);
  return 0;
}

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Question by:BaconU
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5 Comments
 
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Expert Comment

by:Infinity08
ID: 24806010
Don't you want to save the image to a file first ? Right now, you're just printing it to stdout, seemingly to try to construct an HTTP response, but that's not really how HTTP responses are constructed.

Try saving it to a file, then try opening the file, and see if that works.
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LVL 53

Expert Comment

by:Infinity08
ID: 24806081
Something like :
#include <stdio.h>
#include "gd.h"
 
int main(void)
{
  gdImagePtr im;
  int        black;
  int        white;
 
  im    = gdImageCreate(64, 64);
  black = gdImageColorAllocate(im, 0, 0, 0);
  white = gdImageColorAllocate(im, 255, 255, 255);
 
  gdImageRectangle(im, 0, 0, 63, 63, black);
  gdImageLine(im, 0, 0, 63, 63, white);
 
  {
    FILE *out = fopen("image.png", "wb");
    gdImagePng(im, out);
    fclose(out);
  }
 
  gdImageDestroy(im);
  return 0;
}

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Accepted Solution

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Infinity08 earned 125 total points
ID: 24806205
Maybe you are trying to make this work as CGI ? Is so, something like what you had should do the trick. After renaming the executable with an extension .cgi, you put it on your web server in the appropriate directory, and then browse to the cgi file using your browser.
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Author Closing Comment

by:BaconU
ID: 31601229
I don't want to save it to a file, because yes I am using it as a CGI.  I apparently have Mal's disease aka  a problem of my brain being missing.  I figured out about the time of your second post that it was a web server parse issue, because I didn't include an extension on the executable.  So, the code works perfectly as it should... just not the operator. :)
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LVL 53

Expert Comment

by:Infinity08
ID: 24806304
Heh, that happens to the best of us ;)
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