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Asterisk server - How to do paging / intercom / announcements?

Posted on 2009-07-09
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Last Modified: 2013-11-12
I have an in-house Asterisk server and Grandstream phones.  Is there a way to setup a paging system where the secretary can make announcements over all the phones at the same time?  It only needs to be one way.

I have read some stuff about connecting a single phone to an external paging system.  This is not what I want because I don't want to buy the separate paging system.
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Question by:ctarbet
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Expert Comment

by:Ron Malmstead
ID: 24815433
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by:ctarbet
ID: 24815437
I found the following suggestion in another thread, will this work with Asterisk and Grandstream?

From: http://www.experts-exchange.com/Networking/Telecommunications/IP_Telephony/Asterisk_/Q_24311183.html#discussion



darrickhartman:
A few notes on this and then the answer:
 
1).  By default the Aastra phones will autoanswer, even if a call is in progress when you 'page/intercom' to a phone or group of phones.  I usually disable this because it makes no sense to allow this behavior.
 
2). This is pretty easy to accomplish by creating one or more 'ring groups', then calling those groups with a few sip headers added.  Below is the dialplan code you'll need to add.  I usually do this with a macro.
 
[macro-intercom]                                        
; ARG1 - intercom extension                        
exten => s,1,SIPAddHeader(Call-Info:answer-after=0)                                                
exten => s,n,SIPAddHeader(Alert-Info:alert_info=RA)                                  
exten => s,n,Dial(SIP/${ARG1:1}|20)                                    
exten => s,n,Congestion  
 
[intercom]                                    
exten => 7XXX,1,Macro(intercom,${EXTEN})
 
Now if you dial 7101 for example, you'll be able to "intercom" to extension 101
 
If you need to 'page' groups of people, you'll want something like this
 
[paging]                                                    
;page all                                        
exten => 777,1,SIPAddHeader(Call-Info:answer-after=0)
exten => 777,n,SIPAddHeader(Alert-Info:ALERT_INFO=RA)
exten => 777,n,Page(${PAGEOFFICE}&Zap/7|20)      
exten => 777,n,Hangup()    
 
The PAGEOFFICE is set as a global variable that contains a list of the SIP devices to page.
 
PAGEOFFICE=SIP/100&SIP/102&SIP/103&/SIP/104
 
You can then dial 777 (or program a speed dial to be 777) from any phones that include the page context.  You can have any number of these paging groups, just pick a different extension (778, 779...)

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by:Ron Malmstead
ID: 24815447
Note
As of Aug 16 2006, the following firmware versions seem to work when using SIPAddHeader(Call-Info: sip:\;answer-after=0) for auto-answer. While using SIPAddHeader(Call-Info: answer-after=0) does work for Grandstream it does not for Aastra or Snom;
   Aastra - 480i - 1.4
   Grandstream - GXP2000 - 1.1.0.16
   Snom - 360 - 6.2.3
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Author Comment

by:ctarbet
ID: 24815546
I guess I will test this out and report.
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Ron Malmstead earned 500 total points
ID: 24815588
The expert answer link you posted is essentially the same solution I found on wiki...

Basically you add a SIP header, to get the phones to auto answer.
You can use it with Dial cmd or Page cmd.
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Expert Comment

by:namol
ID: 24815733
You have to keep in mind you're limited to what your phones can do. If the grandstream phones wont support auto-answer, it will never work.
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Author Comment

by:ctarbet
ID: 24816035
That is the kind of question I should be asking!

From Grandstream:

Does the BudgeTone have the Off hook Auto-Dial and Auto-Answer feature?        
     BudgeTone 100 and BT200 models support both these features.

That's good news.
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Author Comment

by:ctarbet
ID: 24816050
That came from this link - just in case anyone finds this thread in the future.

http://www.grandstream.com/faqsbudgetone.html#B7
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Expert Comment

by:Ron Malmstead
ID: 24816843
Here's what I found for th BT 200 in the user manual... it looks like it works, though you have to turn on the option on the phone.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
http://www.grandstream.com/user_manuals/BT200_User_Manual.pdf
Set to Intercom/Paging mode, it will answer the call based on the SIP info header from the server. Allow Auto Answer by Call-InfoIf the Call-Info header contains answer-after=0, the call be answered automatically (so called paging mode).
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Author Closing Comment

by:ctarbet
ID: 31601689
Thanks for the help.  I meant to try this and post back, but it is taking too long.
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