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Great Circle Distance

Posted on 2009-07-10
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Last Modified: 2012-05-07
I need a MYSQL function which receive two geo-coordinates (standard latitude and longitude expressed as DECIMAL(12,9)) and must return the distance in miles between the two points

As far as i have seen these links.

http://www.experts-exchange.com/Database/MySQL/Q_23080406.html?sfQueryTermInfo=1+circl+distanc+great+mysql

http://www.meridianworlddata.com/Distance-Calculation.asp

Please help me for this
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Question by:Kamaraj Subramanian
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Kent Olsen earned 300 total points
ID: 24825940
Hi itkamaraj,

I don't believe that and of the major DMBS engines have a distance based on coordinates function built into them so you'll have to build one yourself.

Below is a PHP function to do that.  It will return kilometers or miles.  You'll just have to convert it to SQL.  :)  



Good Luck,
Kent

function distance($lat1, $lng1, $lat2, $lng2, $miles = true)
{	
  $pi80 = M_PI / 180;
  $lat1 *= $pi80;
  $lng1 *= $pi80;
  $lat2 *= $pi80;
  $lng2 *= $pi80;
  $r = 6372.797; // mean radius of Earth in km
  $dlat = $lat2 - $lat1;
  $dlng = $lng2 - $lng1;
  $a = sin($dlat / 2) * sin($dlat / 2) + cos($lat1) * cos($lat2) * sin($dlng / 2) * sin($dlng / 2);
  $c = 2 * atan2(sqrt($a), sqrt(1 - $a));
  $km = $r * $c;
  return ($miles ? ($km * 0.621371192) : $km);
}

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by:awking00
awking00 earned 200 total points
ID: 24826390
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by:Kamaraj Subramanian
ID: 31602203
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