C# -- what is "strongly-typed" ?

What does "strongly-typed" mean ?
finance_teacherAsked:
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Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]Billing EngineerCommented:
it means that this is not allowed by the compiler:
string x = 1; 
while this works:
string x = "1";

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RyanAndresCommented:
angelIII is correct because in line 1, the value 1 is an integer not a string (the expected data type).
string x = "Hello";
x = "World";
x = 0.00; <-- This line would fail because 0.00 is a double.
 
However,
 
if you do:
x = 0.00.ToString(); <-- This line would work because the value is converted to a string first.

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Gary DavisDir Internet SvcsCommented:
Well, I think of strongly-typed as being "intellisenseable". A DataTable that is strongly typed can have its fields named instead of indexed (dt.Rows.FirstName instead of dt.Rows["FirstName"]). Also, you can have a typo in the last case but not in the first case (without getting a compile error).
Gary Davis
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mrjoltcolaCommented:
I think of "strongly typed" as opposed to loosely typed.

Strong typing is often used in the same context as static typing. It means the compiler guarantees, through a strong type system, and compile time checking, that a variable will not be used at runtime in some unknown / unsupported way. You can guarantee not to have a runtime type conversion error or exception.

This differs from languages like Perl and Ruby where a type goes with the value, and depending on the value in a variable at any given time, the operations and conversions no that variable may change.

Languages like Perl do not even allow you to specifically create a typed variable (or not easily) but they are all treated as scalars or variants.
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