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Select rows that contain a specific word (mysql - php)

Posted on 2009-07-10
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Last Modified: 2012-05-07
Hi E's, snippet code contain the code I use to find rows that = $ppp. This code just word when $ppp is exact match of assoc_simultaneo contain.
If the contain of assoc_simultaneo was "one two five twenty" and if $ppp was = "five", the row is not selected. The row was selected if $ppp was = "one two five twenty".
What I want is if $ppp contain one of the words of assoc_simultaneo, the row will be selected. I try to change '$ppp' to '%$ppp%', but don't word.

What changes I have to in my code?

Regards, JC

$assoc_result = mysql_query("SELECT * FROM keywords where assoc_simultaneo = '$ppp'", $db);
$assoc_rows = mysql_num_rows($assoc_result);
$assoc = mysql_fetch_object($assoc_result);

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Question by:Pedro Chagas
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stefanx earned 125 total points
ID: 24827879
$assoc_result = mysql_query("SELECT * FROM keywords where assoc_simultaneo LIKE '%$ppp%'", $db)
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by:gamebits
gamebits earned 125 total points
ID: 24827884
mysql_query("SELECT * FROM keywords where assoc_simultaneo LIKE '%$ppp%'", $db);
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Expert Comment

by:gr8gonzo
ID: 24828028
In case nobody's said this before, it's good programming practice to always sanitize any variables that are used in queries. For example, if $ppp is provided by a user coming to a web page and typing in something to search for, then a user could search for:

%';DROP TABLE keywords;SELECT * FROM whatever WHERE blah LIKE '%

Then, when the query runs, it would execute this query:

$assoc_result = mysql_query("SELECT * FROM keywords where assoc_simultaneo LIKE '%%';DROP TABLE keywords;SELECT * FROM whatever WHERE blah LIKE '%%'", $db);

MySQL isn't smart enough to catch that type of stuff, so it would just run three queries:
SELECT * FROM keywords where assoc_simultaneo LIKE '%%';
DROP TABLE keywords;
SELECT * FROM whatever WHERE blah LIKE '%%';

Presto, the user has just deleted your entire keywords table. It's called SQL injection and there are a lot of articles out on the web on how to prevent this type of thing.

This is just for educational purposes - stefanx and gamebits gave you good answers.
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Expert Comment

by:gr8gonzo
ID: 24828037
I guess you awarded the points while I was writing that up, so ignore the last line. It made more sense when you hadn't awarded the points yet. :)
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Author Comment

by:Pedro Chagas
ID: 24828254
Thanks @gr8gonzo.
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