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Query syntax

Posted on 2009-07-12
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Last Modified: 2012-05-07
I need to set up a query and I'm not sure of the syntax. Here is the schema scenario:
A 'Company' table with companyID and companyName.
A 'Delivery Areas' table with areaID and areaDescription.
A CompanyDeliveryCrossReference table with a refID (just autonumber), companyID, and areaID

The cross reference table will have an entry for each area that the company delivers within. What would a query look like if it were looking for companys that delivered in all:Area1, Area2, Area3?
Thanks!
Amy
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Question by:AmyL
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Expert Comment

by:Bobaran98
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Like this:

SELECT C.*

FROM Company C, CompanyDeliveryCrossReference R

WHERE R.areaID IN (1,2,3) AND R.companyID=C.companyID

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Bobaran98 earned 250 total points
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Actually, sorry, you'd want to use the following query to avoid duplicates (because with the previous query, if a company served both area 1 and area 2, it would show up twice in the list).

By the way, the autonumber refID isn't necessary for your CompanyDeliveryCrossReference table, since companyID and areaID can serve as a dual key (it's a many-to-many relationship).  However, if you choose to use an autonumber key field, it won't hurt anything.

SELECT DISTINCT C.*

FROM Company C, CompanyDeliveryCrossReference R

WHERE R.areaID IN (1,2,3) AND R.companyID=C.companyID

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Author Closing Comment

by:AmyL
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Thanks!!
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Author Comment

by:AmyL
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Hi!
I just noticed that the IN (1,2,3) is like '1 OR 2 OR 3'. Actually what I need is '1 AND 2 AND 3'. Is there a slight modification that I can make to accomplish this?

Thanks!
Amy
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Expert Comment

by:Bobaran98
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Ah, I see.  Well, that's a very different matter.  There are a few different ways to approach the problem, and probably none of them will look very pretty. :-)  What makes this ugly to code is the fact that you're trying to match against three separate records, which means you have to find someway of accessing the cross reference table three times simultaneously.

First off, about what I said earlier regarding CompanyDeliveryCrossReference and the autonumber key-- There actually is a very good reason why you want to use a dual key (companyID and areaID) rather than an arbitrary autonumber key, and that's the fact that you should never have more than one row with those two values-- it would be an unnecessary duplicate.  By making those two fields a dual key, you're telling your database to prevent the addition of duplicate rows (which, of course, you should be careful in your code to avoid anyway).

I say all that now because, by preventing duplicates, you can also do something like this to solve your problem:

SELECT C.*
 

FROM Company C
 

WHERE

  (

    (SELECT COUNT(*) FROM CompanyDeliveryCrossReference WHERE areaID=1 AND companyID=C.companyID)

    + (SELECT COUNT(*) FROM CompanyDeliveryCrossReference WHERE areaID=2 AND companyID=C.companyID)

    + (SELECT COUNT(*) FROM CompanyDeliveryCrossReference WHERE areaID=3 AND companyID=C.companyID)

    = 3

  )

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Expert Comment

by:Bobaran98
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Sorry, I let my parentheses get out of control.  Probably wouldn't make any difference, except for readability, but below is what I meant to type! :-)

Hope this works for you!

SELECT C.*

 

FROM Company C

 

WHERE

  (

    (SELECT COUNT(*) FROM CompanyDeliveryCrossReference WHERE areaID=1 AND companyID=C.companyID)

    + (SELECT COUNT(*) FROM CompanyDeliveryCrossReference WHERE areaID=2 AND companyID=C.companyID)

    + (SELECT COUNT(*) FROM CompanyDeliveryCrossReference WHERE areaID=3 AND companyID=C.companyID)

  ) = 3

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Author Comment

by:AmyL
Comment Utility
Wow, clever!! Thanks!
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