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MYSQL Conditional Order By with Union

Posted on 2009-07-13
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Last Modified: 2012-05-07
I have a table that has BayNumber, ShelfNumber and ShelfPosition.  When the BayNumber is odd it needs to sort that grouping one way, when the BayNumber is even it needs to sort that grouping another way.

I have tried to accomplish this by using a UNION ALL and having one query return all the EVEN rows and another all the ODD, sorting them correctly in each individual SELECT statement.  I have confirmed that each SELECT is working as intended.

When I mash the two together and attempt to do a GLOBAL order by the BayNumber it does the global but the individual query order is not maintained.  Here is the gist of the query to help.

I have tried some CASE statements in the global order but that isn't respecting the order of the individual.

It should return the following when correct

Bay | Shelf | Position
1 | A | 2
1 | A | 4
2 | A | 15
2 | A | 2

The Bay number needs to drive the Position order.

Hopefully that makes sense to all you experts, I am by far not a SQL expert and this one has me stumped.
(SELECT *, MOD(BayNumber,2) as EvenOdd
FROM orderdetails a
WHERE a.prodtype != 'P'
GROUP BY detailsId, detailproductid, detailoption1 
HAVING EvenOdd=0
ORDER BY BayNumber, ShelfNumber, ShelfPosition ASC
)
 
 
UNION ALL
 
(SELECT *, MOD(BayNumber,2) as EvenOdd
FROM orderdetails a
WHERE a.prodtype != 'P'
GROUP BY detailsId, detailproductid, detailoption1 
HAVING EvenOdd=1
ORDER BY BayNumber, ShelfNumber, ShelfPosition DESC
)
 
ORDER BY BayNumber

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Question by:pmessana
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4 Comments
 
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Expert Comment

by:Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]
ID: 24843193
>It should return the following when correct
based no what input data?

your SQL is a bit violating some sql rules, "unfortunately" mysql works a bit differently that other sql databases...
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Accepted Solution

by:
racek earned 500 total points
ID: 24843496

SELECT a.*, MOD(BayNumber,2) as EvenOdd
FROM orderdetails a
WHERE a.prodtype != 'P'
GROUP BY detailsId, detailproductid, detailoption1 
HAVING EvenOdd in(0,1)
ORDER BY BayNumber, ShelfNumber, EvenOdd, 
         IF(EvenOdd = 0,  ShelfPosition * -1, ShelfPosition ) DESC

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Author Comment

by:pmessana
ID: 24843723
Angellll I cut some of the query out.  The point is, there are three columns, BayNumber, ShelfNumber, ShelfPosition.

Racek - brilliant!  I didn't think to turn it negative and keep the same sort going, you got rid of my Union!!!
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LVL 9

Author Closing Comment

by:pmessana
ID: 31602982
Awesome answer, so much easier than what I was trying.
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