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CPU utilization command

Posted on 2009-07-14
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what is the command to find average, minimum and maximum cpu utilization in percentages for linux servers.
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Question by:mkarthik415
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by:mrjoltcola
ID: 24855193
top is one option

You can use vmstat to log historical.

vmstat 5

Will print a line every 5 seconds with CPU and other stats.


The uptime command will show load avg for last 1, 5 and 15 minutes, but does not show CPU %
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by:martin_2110
ID: 24855270
sar -u will give you a history. the sysstat package needs to be installed. Most distros have it.
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by:Kerem ERSOY
ID: 24855282
Hi,

If you might like to insall the package called systat and you can use these commands :

sar
mpstat

The usage is :

sar -u 5 10

will get statistics for 5 seconds and repeat 10 times.

mpstat 5 10

Will do this for 10 times with 5 seconds delay.

sar

Sample sar output is like this:
# sar
Linux 2.6.9-78.0.22.EL (host.domain.com.tr)        07/15/2009

12:00:01 AM       CPU     %user     %nice   %system   %iowait     %idle
12:10:01 AM       all      2.74      0.00      0.52      0.36     96.38
12:20:01 AM       all      0.99      0.00      0.32      0.06     98.62
12:30:01 AM       all      2.37      0.00      0.50      0.28     96.84
12:40:01 AM       all      1.03      0.00      0.33      0.08     98.56
12:50:01 AM       all      1.05      0.00      0.37      0.06     98.51
01:00:01 AM       all      1.23      0.00      0.37      0.12     98.27
01:10:01 AM       all      0.70      0.00      0.31      0.05     98.94
01:20:01 AM       all      0.78      0.00      0.29      0.13     98.80
01:30:01 AM       all      2.58      0.00      0.35      0.20     96.87
01:40:01 AM       all      0.65      0.00      0.24      0.03     99.08
01:50:01 AM       all      1.41      0.00      0.35      0.13     98.10
02:00:01 AM       all      0.95      0.00      0.29      0.12     98.63
02:10:01 AM       all      0.57      0.00      0.20      0.03     99.20
02:20:01 AM       all      1.13      0.00      0.33      0.06     98.47
02:30:01 AM       all      1.60      0.00      0.31      0.13     97.96
02:40:01 AM       all      1.11      0.00      0.33      0.14     98.42
02:50:01 AM       all      1.02      0.00      0.33      0.07     98.58
03:00:01 AM       all      1.95      0.00      1.13      2.16     94.75
03:10:01 AM       all      2.11      0.00      0.95      5.32     91.62
Average:          all      1.37      0.00      0.41      0.50     97.72
and

mpstat

Sample mpstat output is:

# mpstat
Linux 2.6.9-78.0.22.EL (host.domain.com.tr)        07/15/2009

03:23:38 AM  CPU   %user   %nice %system %iowait    %irq   %soft   %idle    intr/s
03:23:38 AM  all    1.64    0.00    0.32    0.17    0.00    0.00   97.86   1018.63

Will collect information and when executed in their own they will display the historic data of CPU utilization. You might as well use top if you want interactive display.


the command

w

will display you momentarily CPU usage like this:

# w
 03:21:56 up 12 days, 11:58,  4 users,  load average: 0.02, 0.02, 0.00
USER     TTY      FROM              LOGIN@   IDLE   JCPU   PCPU WHAT
root     :0       -                02Jul09 ?xdm?   1:55m  1.66s /usr/bin/gnome-session
root     pts/1    :0.0             02Jul09 12days  0.07s  0.07s bash
root     pts/2    host.dom.com  23:35    0.00s  0.28s  0.00s w
root     pts/3    host.dom.com  03:01   18:21   0.04s  0.04s -bash

Uptime is smilar and itwill only show the first line of what w displays.

Cheers,
K.
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by:Kerem ERSOY
ID: 24855291
With UNIX systems you mainly use :

sat, mpstat, top and uptime

commands to get an information about CPU usage.

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Author Comment

by:mkarthik415
ID: 24855658
I want only average, minimum and maximum cpu utilization. I think we would require a script to get this.
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Assisted Solution

by:onethreefour
onethreefour earned 100 total points
ID: 24855901
How about this...
You can call the linux 'uptime' command and 'pipe' it to 'cut' with the correct flags to give you JUST the output containing the current averages:
uptime | cut -d: -f5

Using these 'averages' you could assume the lowest value to be your minimum and highest to be your maximum... It would not be a true reading, and would only cover the last 15 minutes or so of time, but is exact measurement really your main objective?  A lot of the time it is more important to simply watch trends or have alerts when maximum or minumum threshholds are broken...  Using this method could still allow you to have triggers when there are highs or lows...

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by:Kerem ERSOY
ID: 24856069
then you'll need sar. since it keeps statistics in 10 minutes periods. This command below will show it. You'll need to install the package called sysstat first. On my system the sample output is :

Highest= 3.62
Lowest=1.38
Average=2.39
# sar | grep "^[0-9]" | grep -v CPU | awk 'NR==1 {print "Highest= " 100 -$8} END {print "Lowest=" 100 - $8}' ; sar | tail -1 | awk '{print "Average=" 100 - $7}'

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Expert Comment

by:omarfarid
ID: 24856366
you may use top in batch mode

top -b -d1 | grep stat
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Accepted Solution

by:
Kerem ERSOY earned 400 total points
ID: 24857840
Only sar will give you the CPU time in 10 minutes reports. Other solutions such as uptime will give you current, 5 min1tes abck and 10 minutes back CPU load but not min, max and average.

While top in batch mode will give the status of the most active process.

Here's the line what gives you need. The sample output from my system is :

Lowest=0.8 Highest=27.5 Average=4.11

If you want you can omit Labels before the numbers.
sar | grep "^[0-9]" | grep -v CPU | awk '{print $8}' | sort -rn | awk 'NR==1 {printf "Lowest=%s ", 100-$1} END {printf "Highest=%s ", 100-$1}' ; sar | tail -1 | awk '{print "Average=" 100 - $7}'

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