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iptables, ubuntu vps, state established

Posted on 2009-07-16
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Last Modified: 2013-12-06
Hi all-

I'm playing with two ubuntu 8.04 installations (at 2 different vps providers).  The providers are using OpenVZ I beleive.  The nics in /etc/network/interfaces are listed as venet0, venet0:0, and venet0:1 on both installations.

I'm using iptables for a firewall.  The rules are pretty simple,
allow everything out
allow dns queries in
allow ESTABLISHED tcp sessions back in (for web, dns, etc)
block everything else

One one installation this works great, but on the other, the line that has:
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT

errors out with the message:
iptables: no chain/targe/match by that name

I've attatched the full script below.  It's identical (Except for ip addresses, replaced with x.x.x.112 here) on the other machine.

I'm also game to listen to other suggestions, as I'm by no means a linux guru.

not having the established sessions work, means that even simple tasks like wget are failing.  wget looks up the ip of the server ok thanks to the explicit rule allowing upd traffic sourced at port 53 back in.  however, it just hangs while transfering the http data since the established tcp session isn't allowed back in.

if I do:
               iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -j ACCEPT
then POOF, everything works.  Obviously this defeats the firewall though.

Thanks for your input.
echo "0" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
 

modprobe ip_conntrack

modprobe ip_conntrack_ftp
 

# flush

iptables -F INPUT

iptables -F OUTPUT
 

# default

iptables -P INPUT DROP

iptables -P OUTPUT ACCEPT
 

# allow pinging

iptables -A INPUT -p icmp -j ACCEPT
 

# allow inputs to loopback

iptables -A INPUT -i lo -s 0/0 -d 0/0 -j ACCEPT
 

# all established

iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
 

# dns

iptables -A INPUT -p udp -i venet0 -d x.x.x.112 --dport 53 -j ACCEPT

iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -i venet0 -d x.x.x.112 --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
 

# allow local lookups to work

iptables -A INPUT -p udp -i venet0 --sport 53 --dport 1024:65535 -j ACCEPT

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Question by:weinberk
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Expert Comment

by:fosiul01
ID: 24872044
it should be like this

iptables -A INPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT

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Author Comment

by:weinberk
ID: 24872683
Thanks fosiul01, but I just tried that, and I got the same error message:
iptables: No chain/target/match by that name
 Is there something special that needs to be compiled into the kernel for this to work?  Or maybe there's some extra package that I need to install via apt-get?  Again the line worked at another provider without issue.
What does RELATED do anyway?
 
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Accepted Solution

by:
fosiul01 earned 500 total points
ID: 24872715
i was going to tell you that

I belived there is some problem witih  OpenVZ and iptables
like my vps its openvz aswell, as soon as i put iptables rules, i cant access the server

so the vps company said not to use iptables!!!


some modules is not compiled with kernel or openvz does not support iptables
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Author Comment

by:weinberk
ID: 24873151
What's nuts is that my other openvz provider has iptables working just fine.  Also ubuntu 8.04.  Nuts.
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Assisted Solution

by:fosiul01
fosiul01 earned 500 total points
ID: 24873197
then i will say, to speak with your this openvz provider and ask them why those rules is not working
since its vps server you would do anything with kernel
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Author Comment

by:weinberk
ID: 24873270
been there, done that.  clueless.  might be time to dump em.
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LVL 29

Assisted Solution

by:fosiul01
fosiul01 earned 500 total points
ID: 24873324
ok have a look to this one

http://www.faqs.org/docs/iptables/commonproblems.html

its must of the modules is not installed in kernel

let me try to find out which module is needed for those rules, currently i forgot

but what your vps provider said/.??
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Author Comment

by:weinberk
ID: 24873417
gimme a bit. I'm in the middle of doing an
apt-get upgrade ubuntu-minimum
to see if that makes a difference
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Expert Comment

by:fosiul01
ID: 24873432
but i thought in ubuntu you guys use something call fw rules ??

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Author Comment

by:weinberk
ID: 24875449
I use iptables.
0
 
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Author Comment

by:weinberk
ID: 24875453
I spoke with the provider who "installed some modules on the host"  Now it works.  Trying to get details on exactly what was done.
thanks all for the input.
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Author Closing Comment

by:weinberk
ID: 31604322
Thanks for the help.
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LVL 15

Author Comment

by:weinberk
ID: 24878707
The provider said that they added
xt_tcpudp and ip_conntrack ip_conntrack_enable_ve0=1  
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