Problem Installing a component

MelissaCandyGirl
MelissaCandyGirl used Ask the Experts™
on
Hi :)

I've done a component that uses images in an ImageList. I've saved the images into a .RES file with WriteComponentResFile. I also would like to change the icon of my component in the pallet, I heard that I have to open Borland Image Editor and make a .dcr, but can I use a .ico that I already have???

And about that .RES images, how do I put it inside the .dpk to extract it somewhere the component knows how to find?? And, at last, if I don't want users to have access to the source do I have to add just the .dcu in the .dpk. And to allow them to see it add the .pas??
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Geert GOracle dba
Top Expert 2009

Commented:
why not use a form with the imagelist on
then use that form from your code

(you don't need to show the form, it can stay invisible)

i'll whip up a sample
Geert GOracle dba
Top Expert 2009

Commented:
you actually need to create 2 packages:
1 for the runtime
1 for the design time

the first package contains all the functionality of component
the second package is just all the routines to register the component in the Delphi IDE
and off course the component editors

this is a lot of questions
let's start with the runtime package, this should end up with a .bpl file
have you got this far yet ? compiling everything ?

Author

Commented:
Ok, I`ll be waiting for the example because I dont think I got this =p
C++ 11 Fundamentals

This course will introduce you to C++ 11 and teach you about syntax fundamentals.

Author

Commented:
Actually I don't know how to make .bpl, I was trying to do this with .dpk. Can you help me with that??
Geert GOracle dba
Top Expert 2009

Commented:
i created 2 test units
1 a form with a imagelist
1 a descendant of a TImage which i will use as my component

unit uFormImages;
 
interface
 
uses
  Windows, Messages, SysUtils, Variants, Classes, Graphics, Controls, Forms,
  Dialogs, ComCtrls, ImgList;
 
type
  TfrmImages = class(TForm)
    ilComponent: TImageList;
  end;
 
var
  frmImages: TfrmImages;
 
function FormImages(Index: Integer; aBitmap: TBitmap): Boolean;
function FormImagesMax: Integer;
 
implementation
 
{$R *.dfm}
 
var
  mFrmImages: TfrmImages;
 
procedure FormImagesInit;
begin
  if not Assigned(mFrmImages) then
    mFrmImages := TfrmImages.Create(nil);
end;
 
procedure FormImagesDone;
begin
  FreeAndNil(mFrmImages);
end;
 
function FormImages(Index: Integer; aBitmap: TBitmap): Boolean;
begin
  Result := True;
  try
    FormImagesInit;
    mFrmImages.ilComponent.GetBitmap(Index, aBitmap);
  except
    Result := False;
  end;
end;
 
function FormImagesMax: Integer;
begin
  FormImagesInit;
  Result := mFrmImages.ilComponent.Count;
end;
 
initialization
 
finalization
  FormImagesDone;
end.

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Geert GOracle dba
Top Expert 2009

Commented:
dfm for uFormImages
object frmImages: TfrmImages
  Left = 0
  Top = 0
  Caption = 'Images'
  ClientHeight = 110
  ClientWidth = 149
  Color = clBtnFace
  Font.Charset = DEFAULT_CHARSET
  Font.Color = clWindowText
  Font.Height = -11
  Font.Name = 'Tahoma'
  Font.Style = []
  OldCreateOrder = False
  PixelsPerInch = 96
  TextHeight = 13
  object ilComponent: TImageList
    Left = 24
    Top = 16
    Bitmap = {
      494C010104000600040010001000FFFFFFFFFF00FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF424D3600
      0000000000003600000028000000400000002000000001002000000000000020
      0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
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  end
end

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Geert GOracle dba
Top Expert 2009

Commented:
the unit for the component
unit uAnimImage;
 
interface
 
uses Classes, ExtCtrls, Graphics;
 
type
  TAnimImage = class(TImage)
  private
    fTimer: TTimer;
    fImageIndex: Integer;
    procedure SetTimerInterval(const Value: Cardinal);
    procedure SetCycling(const Value: Boolean);
    function GetTimerInterval: Cardinal;
    function GetCycling: Boolean;
    procedure TimerFired(Sender: TObject);
  protected
    procedure DoAnimate; virtual;
  public
    constructor Create(AOwner: TComponent); override;
    destructor Destroy; override;
    property TimerInterval: Cardinal read GetTimerInterval write SetTimerInterval default 3000;
    property Cycling: Boolean read GetCycling write SetCycling;
  end;
 
implementation
 
uses SysUtils, uFormImages;
 
{ TAnimImage }
 
constructor TAnimImage.Create(AOwner: TComponent);
begin
  inherited Create(AOwner);
  fTimer := TTimer.Create(Self);
  fTimer.Enabled := False;
  fTimer.Interval := 3000;
  fTimer.OnTimer := TimerFired;
  fImageIndex := -1;
end;
 
destructor TAnimImage.Destroy;
begin
  fTimer.Enabled := False;
  FreeAndNil(fTimer);
  inherited Destroy;
end;
 
procedure TAnimImage.DoAnimate;
var aBitmap: TBitmap;
begin
  if not (csDestroying in ComponentState) then
  begin
    if not Assigned(Picture.Graphic) or Picture.Graphic.Empty then
      Picture.Graphic := TBitmap.Create;
    Inc(fImageIndex);
    if fImageIndex >= FormImagesMax then
      fImageIndex := 0;
    aBitmap := TBitmap.Create;
    try
      FormImages(fImageIndex, aBitmap);
      Picture.Bitmap.Assign(aBitmap);
    finally
      FreeAndNil(aBitmap);
    end;
    Invalidate;
  end;
end;
 
function TAnimImage.GetCycling: Boolean;
begin
  Result := fTimer.Enabled;
end;
 
function TAnimImage.GetTimerInterval: Cardinal;
begin
  Result := fTimer.Interval;
end;
 
procedure TAnimImage.SetCycling(const Value: Boolean);
begin
  fTimer.Enabled := False;
  if Value then
    TimerFired(Self);
end;
 
procedure TAnimImage.SetTimerInterval(const Value: Cardinal);
var sEnabled: Boolean;
begin
  sEnabled := fTimer.Enabled;
  fTimer.Enabled := False;
  try
    fTimer.Interval := Value;
  finally
    fTimer.Enabled := sEnabled;
  end;
end;
 
procedure TAnimImage.TimerFired(Sender: TObject);
begin
  fTimer.Enabled := False;
  try
    DoAnimate;
  finally
    fTimer.Enabled := True;
  end;
end;
 
end.

Open in new window

Geert GOracle dba
Top Expert 2009

Commented:
and then a project with a test form to put this uAnimImage to use
unit uTest;
 
interface
 
uses
  Windows, Messages, SysUtils, Variants, Classes, Graphics, Controls, Forms,
  Dialogs, ExtCtrls, StdCtrls, uAnimImage;
 
type
  TForm3 = class(TForm)
    btnTest: TButton;
    procedure btnTestClick(Sender: TObject);
  private
    fimTest: TAnimImage;
  public
    { Public declarations }
  end;
 
var
  Form3: TForm3;
 
implementation
 
{$R *.dfm}
 
procedure TForm3.btnTestClick(Sender: TObject);
begin
  fimTest := TAnimImage.Create(Self);
  with fimTest do
  begin
    Name := 'imTest';
    Parent := Self;
    Left := 176;
    Top := 40;
    Width := 209;
    Height := 161;
    Cycling := True;
  end;
 
end;
 
end.

Open in new window

Geert GOracle dba
Top Expert 2009

Commented:
now we have a starting base for a runtime package

i am using D2009, i don't now what you are using, but in essence this should be the same

right click in the project manager on the project group and add a new package
I save the package  in the same directory as the testing project
(you could put the test project in a lower directory)
then i added the 2 units to this package (uAnimImage and uFormImages)
changed the properties and set  

this is your runtime package

pkgrAnimImage
pkg = package
r = runtime
AnimImage = name of component
package pkgrAnimImage;
 
{$R *.res}
{$ALIGN 8}
{$ASSERTIONS ON}
{$BOOLEVAL OFF}
{$DEBUGINFO ON}
{$EXTENDEDSYNTAX ON}
{$IMPORTEDDATA ON}
{$IOCHECKS ON}
{$LOCALSYMBOLS ON}
{$LONGSTRINGS ON}
{$OPENSTRINGS ON}
{$OPTIMIZATION ON}
{$OVERFLOWCHECKS OFF}
{$RANGECHECKS OFF}
{$REFERENCEINFO OFF}
{$SAFEDIVIDE OFF}
{$STACKFRAMES OFF}
{$TYPEDADDRESS OFF}
{$VARSTRINGCHECKS ON}
{$WRITEABLECONST OFF}
{$MINENUMSIZE 1}
{$IMAGEBASE $400000}
{$RUNONLY}
{$IMPLICITBUILD ON}
 
requires
  rtl,
  vcl;
 
contains
  uAnimImage in 'uAnimImage.pas',
  uFormImages in 'uFormImages.pas' {frmImages};
 
end.

Open in new window

Geert GOracle dba
Top Expert 2009

Commented:
now we need to register this component in the ide

for this, we create a new package, again right click in project manager on project group add new project (package)
we need to add the just created runtime package to this design time package
the previously compiled package should be in the $(BDSCOMMONDIR)\Dcp
which is something like this : C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Shared Documents\RAD Studio\6.0\Dcp
and off course change to design only
package pkgdAnimImage;
 
{$R *.res}
{$ALIGN 8}
{$ASSERTIONS ON}
{$BOOLEVAL OFF}
{$DEBUGINFO ON}
{$EXTENDEDSYNTAX ON}
{$IMPORTEDDATA ON}
{$IOCHECKS ON}
{$LOCALSYMBOLS ON}
{$LONGSTRINGS ON}
{$OPENSTRINGS ON}
{$OPTIMIZATION ON}
{$OVERFLOWCHECKS OFF}
{$RANGECHECKS OFF}
{$REFERENCEINFO OFF}
{$SAFEDIVIDE OFF}
{$STACKFRAMES OFF}
{$TYPEDADDRESS OFF}
{$VARSTRINGCHECKS ON}
{$WRITEABLECONST OFF}
{$MINENUMSIZE 1}
{$IMAGEBASE $400000}
{$DESIGNONLY}
{$IMPLICITBUILD ON}
 
requires
  rtl,
  pkgrAnimImage;
 
end.

Open in new window

Geert GOracle dba
Top Expert 2009

Commented:
the rest will be for later on

you still need to a unit to Register the component
and a .dcr to change the icon in the IDE

i'll post tonight
If you put the component into a package it is best to use the .RES file of the package to store the icon of the component you want to be displayed into pallete of Delphi IDE instead of .dcr.

The main reason for doing this is to be able to manage with more ease the component icons.
Propably the best free resource editor is XN Resource Editor which can be found at
http://www.wilsonc.demon.co.uk/d10resourceeditor.htm

In the res file of the package you can add a bitmap resource naming it with the component class(all letters must be capital) and designing or copying from clipboard your ico or png or jpg.
Thats at least what i did in my package which can be found in this link
http://www.gtdelphicomponents.gr/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/gtcomponentpack_v_1_0_40.zip
It's open source and freeware.
Reading the pack you will have a good start on how to create packages manage package components icons e.t.c

Just open the .res of the pack with XN Resource Editor and you'll understand the logic that the Delphi IDE uses as far displaying icons into the component pallete.




Geert GOracle dba
Top Expert 2009

Commented:
add this unit to the design time package
then hit install
unit uAnimImageReg;
 
interface
 
procedure Register;
 
implementation
 
uses uAnimImage, Classes;
 
procedure Register;
begin
  RegisterComponents('Samples', [TAnimImage]);
end;
 
end.

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Geert GOracle dba
Top Expert 2009

Commented:
tomorrow i'll show the .dcr

Author

Commented:
Geert_Gruwez, thanks for the attention, but I found out that my component are not between my backup files, I must have deleted it when formatting the hd, so I have to make it all again. I'll wait until you post here how to make de .dcr and then accept you answer so you dont have to wait.

If I have some doubt I'll just open another question ;)
Oracle dba
Top Expert 2009
Commented:
well, this was a cumbersome problem in D2009

for D7, it's easy, create a .dcr recourse with the image editor
add a 24x24 bitmap using add resource
rename it to TANIMIMAGE
and add it to the project with {$R filename.dcr}

in D2009 there is no more image editor
from the menu you have Projects / Resources
add resource bitmap (and rename doesn't work)

so i had to go for a other resource editor (XN Resource Editor: http://www.wilsonc.demon.co.uk/d10resourceeditor.htm)
and with this i created the {$ rAnimImage.dcr}
with a 24x24 bitmap with name TANIMIMAGE
and then added it to the uAnimImage.pas
{$R 'rAnimImage.dcr'}

then the component icon had changed.
package pkgdAnimImage;
 
{$R *.res}
{$R 'rAnimImage.dcr'}
{$ALIGN 8}
{$ASSERTIONS ON}
{$BOOLEVAL OFF}
{$DEBUGINFO ON}
{$EXTENDEDSYNTAX ON}
{$IMPORTEDDATA ON}
{$IOCHECKS ON}
{$LOCALSYMBOLS ON}
{$LONGSTRINGS ON}
{$OPENSTRINGS ON}
{$OPTIMIZATION ON}
{$OVERFLOWCHECKS OFF}
{$RANGECHECKS OFF}
{$REFERENCEINFO OFF}
{$SAFEDIVIDE OFF}
{$STACKFRAMES OFF}
{$TYPEDADDRESS OFF}
{$VARSTRINGCHECKS ON}
{$WRITEABLECONST OFF}
{$MINENUMSIZE 1}
{$IMAGEBASE $400000}
{$DESIGNONLY}
{$IMPLICITBUILD ON}
 
requires
  rtl,
  pkgrAnimImage;
 
contains
  uAnimImageReg in 'uAnimImageReg.pas';
 
end.

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Geert GOracle dba
Top Expert 2009

Commented:
off course after compile and install

Author

Commented:
thanks :)

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