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Problems using varchar(max) in Query

Hi Experts,

I am using the following sql query below :

declare @xml as xml

use [ops-20]
set @xml = (

select *
from dbo.test

for xml
path ('R'),root('D')

declare @cmd as varchar(max)
set @cmd =
'C:\tofile.vbs C:\data.xml "'
+ convert(varchar(MAX),@xml) + '" '
exec master..xp_cmdshell @cmd

where tofile.vbs is :

Dim ArgObj
Set ArgObj = WScript.Arguments
Set ObjFSO = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
Set ObjFile = ObjFSO.CreateTextFile(ArgObj(0))

Where Varchar() is set to 8000, the code woks perfectly.  When Varchar() is set to MAX, the query errors with:
"Msg 214, Level 16, State 201, Procedure xp_cmdshell, Line 1
Procedure expects parameter 'command_string' of type 'varchar'."

Is there a way of modifying the code to use Varchar(MAX)?
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2 Solutions
Raja Jegan RSQL Server DBA & ArchitectCommented:
You are getting that error because master..xp_cmdshell requires/ supports @cmd input with size either Varchar(8000) or varchar(4000)..

It will not allow more thatn 8000 characters..
Raja Jegan RSQL Server DBA & ArchitectCommented:
Small mistake..

Max value supported by xp_cmdshell as input was varchar(8000) or nvarchar(4000)..
Reference to support the information above:

Raja Jegan RSQL Server DBA & ArchitectCommented:
Its the limit of the system / built-in stored procedure..
No workarounds for xp_cmdshell

But workaround for your problem:

* Instead of passing the xml as varchar to your vbs file, save the xml in a file and pass that as an input to your vbs script..

That should work..
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Raja Jegan RSQL Server DBA & ArchitectCommented:
And kindly let me know any specific reason why a B grade for this one since I pointed out the exact reason for the error..
chrislindsayAuthor Commented:
No you are right should have been an A
Raja Jegan RSQL Server DBA & ArchitectCommented:
Thanks for the confirmation..
I have clicked on Request Attention so that Moderators can do it on behalf of you..
chrislindsayAuthor Commented:
Can you suggest an alternative to the problem?
Raja Jegan RSQL Server DBA & ArchitectCommented:
Thanks SouthMod and chrislindsay..
Merry Christmas and Advanced Happy New Year wishes..

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