Posted on 2010-01-07
In Domain Network Environment ( Microsoft System) :-
On command line , when we type PING ab.xyz.local , there is a reply inclusive of IP Address .
ab.xyz.local is a Host Name ( FQDN) .
In Workgroup Environment ( Microsoft System) :-
On command line , when we type PING computer1 , there is a reply inclusive IP Address .
"computer1" is a Computer Name .
To me , there are some protocol help to resolve the Name to IP Address on above examples .
To Resolve Host Name to IP Address , is using DNS Server . When DNS Server is down ,and we PING ab.xyz.local, it will fail , am I right ?
To resolve Computer Name to IP Address , I suppose it should use WINS Server .
In Workgroup environment , without WINS Server and DHCP Server present in this network ,if there are 2 XP Pro computers can PING each other with " computer name " like PING Computer1 . Which protocol resolve this computer name ?? ( once we "ping computer1" , the reply inclusive IP Address , I suppose specific protocol has resolved computer name to IP addrsss ? )
What I am confused is :- without WINS SERVER present , for XP Pro systems , which protocol resolve Computer Name to IP Address ??