apg-get vs aptitude vs dpkg -i

I'm new to ubuntu and got confused in ubuntu. I'm  familiar with centos/redhat rpm and yum command. When I look at the ubuntu there are 3 ways we can install. What are the difference between  apg-get  install ,  aptitude  install   and  dpkg -i

Thanks in advance.
Who is Participating?
I wear a lot of hats...

"The solutions and answers provided on Experts Exchange have been extremely helpful to me over the last few years. I wear a lot of hats - Developer, Database Administrator, Help Desk, etc., so I know a lot of things but not a lot about one thing. Experts Exchange gives me answers from people who do know a lot about one thing, in a easy to use platform." -Todd S.

The only difference is the command and the options to install a package. apt-get, aptitude and dpkg all can install packages. That was the short answer. The long one is:

There are multiple tools that are used to manage Debian packages, from  graphic or text-based interfaces to the low level tools used to install  packages.  All the available tools rely on the lower level tools to properly work and  are presented here in decreasing complexity level.  
 It is important to understand that the higher level package management  tools such as aptitude or dselect rely on apt which, itself, relies on dpkg to manage the packages in the system.  
 See the APT HOWTO for more information about the Debian package  management utilities.  This document is available in various languages and formats,  see the APT  HOWTO entry on the DDP Users' Manuals overview.

 This is the main package management program.  dpkg can be  invoked with many options.  Some common uses are:  
 Find out all the options: dpkg --help.  
 Print out the control file (and other information) for a specified  package: dpkg --info foo_VVV-RRR.deb  
 Install a package (including unpacking and configuring) onto the file  system of the hard disk: dpkg --install foo_VVV-RRR.deb.  
 Unpack (but do not configure) a Debian archive into the file system of  the hard disk: dpkg --unpack foo_VVV-RRR.deb.  Note that this  operation does not necessarily leave the package in a usable state; some  files may need further customization to run properly.  This command removes  any already-installed version of the program and runs the preinst (see What  is a Debian preinst, postinst, prerm, and postrm script?, Section 7.6) script associated with the  package.  
 Configure a package that already has been unpacked: dpkg  --configure foo.  Among other things, this action runs the postinst (see What  is a Debian preinst, postinst, prerm, and postrm script?, Section 7.6) script associated with the  package. It also updates the files listed in the conffiles for this package.  Notice that the 'configure' operation takes as its argument a  package name (e.g., foo), not the name of a Debian archive file (e.g., foo_VVV-RRR.deb).  
 Extract a single file named "blurf" (or a group of files named "blurf*" from a Debian archive: dpkg --fsys-tarfile foo_VVV-RRR.deb | tar -xf - blurf*  
 Remove a package (but not its configuration files): dpkg --remove foo.  
 Remove a package (including its configuration files): dpkg --purge foo.  
 List the installation status of packages containing the string (or  regular expression) "foo*": dpkg --list 'foo*'.  

 APT is the Advanced Package Tool and provides the apt-get program.  apt-get provides a simple way to retrieve and  install packages from multiple sources using the command line.  Unlike dpkg, apt-get does not understand .deb files,  it works with the packages proper name and can only install .deb archives  from a source specified in /etc/apt/sources.list.  apt-get will call dpkg directly after downloading the .deb  archives from the configured sources.  
 Some common ways to use apt-get are:  
 To update the list of package known by your system, you can run:        apt-get update
 (you should execute this regularly to update your package lists)  
 To upgrade all the packages on your system (without installing extra  packages or removing packages), run:        apt-get upgrade
 To install the foo package and all its dependencies, run:        apt-get install foo
 To remove the foo package from your system, run:        apt-get remove foo
 To remove the foo package and its configuration files from your system,  run:        apt-get --purge remove foo
 To upgrade all the packages on your system, and, if needed for a package upgrade, installing extra packages or removing packages, run:        apt-get dist-upgrade
 (The command upgrade keeps a package at its installed  obsolete version if upgrading would need an extra package to be installed, for a  new dependency to be satisfied.  The dist-upgrade command is  less conservative.)  
 Note that you must be logged in as root to perform any commands that  modify the system packages.  
 The apt tool suite also includes the apt-cache tool to  query the package lists.  You can use it to find packages providing specific functionality through simple text or regular expression queries and  through queries of dependencies in the package management system.  Some common  ways to use apt-cache are:  
 To find packages whose description contain word:        apt-cache search word
 To print the detailed information of a package:        apt-cache show package
 To print the packages a given package depends on:        apt-cache depends package
 To print detailed information of the versions available for a package  and the packages that reverse-depends on it:        apt-cache showpkg package
 For more information, install the apt package and read apt-get(8), sources.list(5) and install the apt-doc package and read /usr/share/doc/apt-doc/guide.html/index.html.    

 aptitude is a package manager for Debian GNU/Linux systems  that provides a frontend to the apt package management infrastructure. aptitude is a text-based interface using the curses  library, it can be used to perform management tasks in a fast and easy way.  
 aptitude provides the functionality of dselect  and apt-get, as well as many additional features not found in  either program:  
 aptitude offers access to all versions of a package.  
 aptitude logs all its actions in /var/log/aptitude.  
 aptitude makes it easy to keep track of obsolete software  by listing it under "Obsolete and Locally Created Packages".  
 aptitude includes a fairly powerful system for searching particular packages and limiting the package display.  Users familiar  with mutt will pick up quickly, as mutt was the inspiration for the expression syntax.  
 aptitude tracks which packages have been installed due to dependencies and removes them automatically when the packages that  needed them are removed from the system.  
 aptitude can automatically install Recommended: packages[6].  
 aptitude can be used to install the predefined tasks  available.
 aptitude in full screen mode has su  functionality embedded and can be run by a normal user.  It will call su  (and ask for the root password, if any) when you really need administrative privileges  
 You can use aptitude through a visual interface (simply run aptitude) or directly from the command line.  The command  line syntax used is very similar to the one used in apt-get.   For example, to install the foo package, you can run aptitude install  foo.  
 Note that aptitude is the preferred program for package  management from console both for package installations and package or system  upgrades.  
 For more informations, read the manual page aptitude(8) and install the aptitude-doc package.

Experts Exchange Solution brought to you by

Your issues matter to us.

Facing a tech roadblock? Get the help and guidance you need from experienced professionals who care. Ask your question anytime, anywhere, with no hassle.

Start your 7-day free trial
Fabio MarzoccaFreelancerCommented:
To make long stories short:

apt-get == yum
dpkg == rpm
It's more than this solution.Get answers and train to solve all your tech problems - anytime, anywhere.Try it for free Edge Out The Competitionfor your dream job with proven skills and certifications.Get started today Stand Outas the employee with proven skills.Start learning today for free Move Your Career Forwardwith certification training in the latest technologies.Start your trial today

From novice to tech pro — start learning today.