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Windows XP PRofessional Instalation

I just installed XP Professional on a new hard drive. It installs fine with one problem.


I set it to one large partition-which I probably should not have.  When I go to my computer I see where it lists hard drives the one drive shows as an I: drive.  I want the drive to show as a C: drive.   C: shows as a removable drive.

How to I relabel the hard drive to C: instead to I:

Thank You

D
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Malibucompany
Asked:
Malibucompany
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10 Solutions
 
lee555J5Commented:
To do this, right-click My Computer and select Manage. Click on Disk Management and on the right side, select the current C: drive. Right-click it and select Change Drive Letter and Paths.... Change the drive letter of the C: drive to E: or some other available letter. Change I: to C:.
Did you have a flash drive inserted when you did you installation? Sometimes those will take C:.
Alternative: reinstall XP without the removable drive inserted.
Lee
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Gary CaseRetiredCommented:
The process described in lee555J5's post above will NOT work.     You cannot change the system drive letter through disk management.

While there are some unsanctioned (by Microsoft) methods to change the system letter, there are often side-effects of using these -- they require a LOT of registry modification, and if you miss anything you can have bad side-effects, which may not be apparent for some time.

The best way to get the system installed as C: is to simply start over and reinstall XP ... being certain it is installed on drive C: this time.      If you have built-in card readers;  other hard drives;  attached USB drives; etc. temporarily disconnect ALL of them [built-in card readers will be plugged into a motherboard USB header -- just unplug it (with power off of course)]  ==>  THEN install XP.     It shows you the drive letter assigned to the partition you choose to install to ... so be sure it's C: before you start the process.
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CPetrich12Commented:
Unfortunately garycase is right, the best way to avoid many many headaches in the future would be to reinstall XP. You should not have to unplug any card readers from the motherboard however, just make sure there are no SD, MMC cards etc... inserted into the drives during installation. Definitely disconnect any USB mass storage devices.  

Fortunately it only takes about 45 minutes to do a complete install with XP.  Good luck!
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Gary CaseRetiredCommented:
Watch carefully what letter the XP installer assigns to your selected partition -- MANY card readers enumerate the card slots as removeable drives ... whether or not they have media inserted.    It's very common to have to disconnect them ... a very simple thing to do as long as you understand how they're connected.    The only way to know for sure in any specific case is to see which letter the installer wants to assign to your drive -- if it's something beyond C, then shut down; disconnect the reader; and start over ... it'll be C: the next time :-)
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someone0Commented:
What garycase said is right, but here is a few nick knack.
1. if you install from a storage device, rather than CDROM.  If you do it's most likely a FAT or FAT32 format, and it's usually be seen before other file format, and thus your installation source become C: drive
2. NTFS can remember its drive volume, and that can be a problem.(say your harddrive used to be a data device)

the best solution to avoid this problem reoccurring is to actually format the partition that you want to install the OS as FAT32, then convert it to NTFS during the installation(not format it as NTFS).  You see, whatever the drive letter you see during the installation, it stay that way after the installation.
Sometime, I generally format the partition as FAT32, make it bootable, and copy the i386 folder to that partition.  Then you may need smartdrv.exe and xmsmmgr.exe are probably needed depending on the DOS version you use for booting.   Then after booting up the harddrive into c-prompt, C:\> i run both xmsmmgr and smartdrv, then goto i386 folder
and run winnt and it would star the setup.  This is usually how i do my diskless installation on older computer that have no floppy or cd-rom access.
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MalibucompanyAuthor Commented:
That worked great thank you one and all.  

One remaining problem. The sound dosn't work speakers not getting any audio.  Dosn't seem to be any audio drivers.  THought those went in with XP.

System gets on the internet fine.

Any Ideas???
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lee555J5Commented:
I just now got to an XP box to test; and, garycase, you are correct: it does *not* work on the system or boot partition. I have installed XP many, many times and never encountered a mis-lettered boot or system partition; and, therefore, did not know that procedure would not work. The first half of my first post is bad advice. I apologize; I stand corrected; and I am always willing to learn.
That said, I have also *never* had to follow someone0's procedure either. I have *always* set up my partitions and formatted directly to NTFS from within the installer and *never* had to jump through all those hoops.
That said, I am glad the reinstall I suggested in the *second* half of my first post worked for you. It seems everyone else here thought it was a good idea, as well. ;-)
Lee
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CPetrich12Commented:
Run msinfo32.
Click Components -> Problem Devices
Get the Device ID
Go to www.pcidatabase.com, and enter the Device ID of the problem device.
It should give you the name of the device or a link to the manufacturer's website where you can download and manually install the drivers.
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lee555J5Commented:
Re: sound, speakers, audio
Well, this is a totally new issue. Did your audio work when your system was using the I: drive and now it is not? Or, is this the first time you have tried with this box? IOW, has this box's audio ever worked?
If this system has an odd sound card--not a common one such as SoundBlaster or RealTek, that could explain XP not loading drivers.  If it is integrated, drivers should be available from the motherboard manufacturer's web site. If it is a discrete card, drivers should be available on the CD that came with it or from the manufacturer's web site. If it is a bought system such as Dell or HP, drivers should be available from the builder's web site.
True, XP tries to load basic drivers for everything the installer sees just to get you working, but you always want to get the latest drivers from the individual component manufacturers. The latest drivers usually add features and fix bugs.
Also, check all your connections an power.
Lee 
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Gary CaseRetiredCommented:
Sound drivers only go "... in with XP ..." for those devices the installer "knows" about.   For all others you need to install them yourself.

First, since you have internet access, do all the Windows updates => it's not uncommon for SP3 to "know" about some devices that an SP2 (or earlier) installer doesn't have in its database;   and, in addition, Windows update may recognize the specific sound hardware you have and find the drivers automatically.    Be sure to do "Custom" updates -- not just the "Express" ones ... and look at the hardware updates it finds.
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MalibucompanyAuthor Commented:
Below are the missing drivers per cpet's adivice, I looked for them on the site he reommended and could not find them.  Anyone have an idea where to find them??


Multimedia Audio ControllerPCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4370&SUBSYS_2A25103C&REV_803&61AAA01&0&A5      The drivers for this device are not installed.
Multimedia Video Controller      PCI\VEN_4444&DEV_0016&SUBSYS_88010070&REV_01\4&FB75CB&0&08A4      The drivers for this device are not installed.
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someone0Commented:
the VEN_1002&DEV_4370 is identified as ATI/AMD card, AC'97 Audio Controller (SB400)
if you google SB400 drives, you should be able to find one quickly.
While the VEN_4444&DEV_0016 appear to be some sort of MPEG2 encoder card.  You can try Hauppauge WinTV-PVR PCI II drivers and see if that work.  My recommendation is to create a restore point before install any of the drivers, just in case. Otherwise, you may have to reinstall Windows again, if something goes wrong.
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