boot problem windows xp lenovo laptop

I have a 4 year old lenovo laptop running windows xp
that will not boot.  I get a quick flash of a blue screen and
then it goes to the screen that gives boot mode, last know
good configuration, start windows normally, start with a command
prompt etc.  None of these options will allow me to boot.
What might be causing this problem and how can I fix it?
Richard ChristensenRetired computer technicianAsked:
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Justin OwensITIL Problem ManagerCommented:
BSOD... You have to love them....
Do you have an XP boot CD handy?  If you cannot get in via Safe Mode Command Prompt, your only course of action is to try to run disk utilities from the CD (if you want to stay MS native).  
Depending on your comfort level, there are several good emergency boot type of Linux CD ISOs you can also download.
Can you try booting to the recovery console to run chkdsk /f
Also try tapping F8 to bring up an alternate boot menu.  Choose 'Do not automatically restart'.  This will allow you view the blue screen.  Post the stop code here.
Additionally if you can slave the drive to a working machine & grab a copy of the recent memory dump files for us, that may help also.  Located in the C:\WINDOWS\Minidump directory.

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Justin OwensITIL Problem ManagerCommented:
Because it is a Lenovo, you can also get to some utilities from the Lenovo Boot screen (blue button before OS load).
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Try and go to bios and change the harddisk settings. "sorry can't be more precise, can't remember exactly". but there are options to enable the sata1, sata2 etc I think.. real vague. But htis might be the issue.

It could be a problem with xp or the harddisk. but I'd take a quick look at bios, enable everything. if that doesn't work try defaults. or the ata setting on the disk.

Hope it helps, shouldn't take more than a few min to check.
You most like have either a corrupt mbr and/or boot.ini

Boot usi ng any xp cd and get to the recovery console. Once at the command prompt, type each of the following, followed by enter:

fixmbr (respond with yes if prompted to repair)

and then, just in case, replace these two files as follows:

copy d:\ntldr c:\
copy d:\ c:\

d is the cd drive. If yours is different, then use the proper drive letter.

reboot normally to test
Richard ChristensenRetired computer technicianAuthor Commented:
Booting into safe mode with f8 I was able to get
the system to not automatically restart.  This gave me
a chance to read the blue screen.  It was corruption
in windows system files.  I was then able to use the
Lenovo utilities to recover the data and did a complete
reinstall of windows xp.
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