Is there any unique identifier for USB that I can retrieve on Linux? It must not be alterable.

     I am trying to find a way to get any unique identifier for each USB disk. Currently, I got the following options, but all of them are "alterable" by user, I need an ID which is non-alterable by user and can work for all USB disk under Linux.

1. disk identifier by using fdisk -l, but it seems will be changed once user re-partition the USB.

2. UUID by using vol_id --uuid OR blkid, but it also can be changed by tune2fs command.

3. usb_id, which is a command come with udev, but it seems not work on some USB disk.

Does anyone know other possible way?
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It is wrong way. My Alcor Micro Corp. Transcend JetFlash Flash Drive has SerialNumber=00000000.
You may _prepare_ the disk to make it unique - pam_usb (, e.g. But not expect that every usb device has some unique characteristics.
what about lsusb?  That gives the unique ID of a usb device
lsusb gives a Vendor and ProdID. They are the same for the same device of the same vendor.
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As  root
run lsusb -v
for the device you will see iSerial

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What are you trying to do?

Depending on the application, you might consider a USB dongle:
vonslackAuthor Commented:
This should be the key that I am looking for.
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