Replicating Windows Server 2003 AD

SELIT
SELIT used Ask the Experts™
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We have an Primary Domain Controller running Win2k3 AD and another Win2k3 running Mdaemon Email Server.

How do I replicate the Win2k3 AD running the Email Server? I have never done it before and would need some help in the process.
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Top Expert 2012
Commented:
First thing you should not make your email server a DC this is not a recommended or supported solution. Network infrastructure services like AD should be seperated from all other services (email, apps, etc). When you make a server a DC certain polices causes issues with other services like email. For an example your local users and groups are disabled which will disable all accounts that already on your service services which will disable and cause services not to start.

You can install Virtual server on the server then create a Virtual machine then install an OS and make this your DC which will keep the services seperated.
Top Expert 2013

Commented:
Agree with Darius about the DC and exchange but are you only currently running with one DC?   In that case definitely try to get a second DC up.

If that is the case you install a second server and use dcpromo to promote it.  We can go more into that if you need more info.

Thanks

Mike
Initiating Replication Using the Sites and Services Manager Snap-in
Click Start, point to Programs, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Active Directory Sites and Services.
Expand the Sites container in the left pane. Expand the container that represents the name of the site containing the target server that needs to be synchronized with its replication partners.
Expand the Servers container, and then expand the target server to display the NTDS Settings object (an object that represents settings for the domain controller).
Click the NTDS Settings object. The connection objects in the right pane represent the target server's direct replication partners.
Right-click a connection object in the right pane, and then click Replicate Now. Windows 2000 initiates replication of any changes from the source server (the server represented by the connection object) to the target server for all directory partitions the target server is configured to replicate from the source server.

Restart the NTFRS (File replication service) service  on DC email server and check for event 13516. If the event is present then the replication is fine.

Run repadmin /showreps and see if any errors are there. This will "Display the replication partners of a server".
Run repadmin /syncall to check for all the partition is in sync. This will initiate replication of the domain directory partition for your domain.

http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc773062(WS.10).aspx
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/232072
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Author

Commented:
We are currently running on two DCs, but the second one which has the mdaemon mail server had a problem with the replication service sometime ago. It's been more than 3months since it worked. Now I need to fix that by building a duplicate(identical to the email server) server, then move the mails from the old to the new, instead of fixing the replication. We do not have a budget for a VM or anything else other than mdaemon, win2k3 and XP.

Another reason is to have it on a RAID1 as the current email server is on a single drive with no redundancy and no backup device connected to it. It runs on a desktop machine with only 80GB capacity. I've been backing up by sharing the user email folder on the email server and pulling it through the file server to the backup device. This has to change because:
1. To accommodate more users;
2. Not good for the file server;
3. We need some redundancy.

So, guys, I just installed a fresh win2k3 running on RAID1, on a fresh machine and I need to replicate this new machine with the primary DC. We intend to use mdaemon outlook connector to connect all outlook email client to the mdaemon mail server. If running win2k3 AD on this mdaemon server is not a good idea, what OS should I use for the mdaemon and what advice do you have in terms of configuring it?
Top Expert 2012
Commented:
You can use mdaemon on 2003 server but you should not install AD on the same server.

Again the VM software is free.

So, if AD replication hasn't been working in three months you would need to demote the mail server and do a metadata cleanup.

Post dcdiag on current DC then post results.

Author

Commented:
But if i don't need to install AD on the mail server, then there's no need to worry about AD replication. Please advise.
Top Expert 2012

Commented:
If AD replication is not working properly this will can issues on your AD servers.

Author

Commented:
How do I go about your advise on your second comment? Like I said ealier, I have never done this before.
Top Expert 2012

Commented:
Which comment?

Author

Commented:
This comment: "You can use mdaemon on 2003 server but you should not install AD on the same server. Again the VM software is free. So, if AD replication hasn't been working in three months you would need to demote the mail server and do a metadata cleanup. Post by dcdiag on current DC then post results."

Author

Commented:
This comment: "You can use mdaemon on 2003 server but you should not install AD on the same server. Again the VM software is free. So, if AD replication hasn't been working in three months you would need to demote the mail server and do a metadata cleanup. Post dcdiag on current DC then post results."
Top Expert 2012

Commented:
Then select this answer as your solution.

Author

Commented:
I have just reinstalled a fresh copy of win server 2003 and MDaemon on the machine but I have not added any roles to the server. So it's basically blank. I also have Net2 Access for Paxton Access installed on the machine. MDaemon worked perfectly well after I copied the configuration files and email folders from the old machine. I have not done anymore configurations. Will this configuration work for me in the long run?
Top Expert 2012

Commented:
I am not for sure anything about MDaemon

Author

Commented:
The suggestions did not provide a final solution but was helpful to some extent.

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