Solved

Want to reallocate disk areas in LINUX

Posted on 2010-08-13
4
1,320 Views
Last Modified: 2013-12-16
I have a 40GB VMware virtual Linux drive allocated so only about 2Gb is alocated to /opt (dev/sda2): I need more space for /opt and I would like to reallocate about 60% of the space from /home or, alternatively, reassign /opt to /dev/sda3  (the location home is on).

Thanks for your help

Filesystem           1K-blocks      Used Available Use% Mounted on
/dev/sda2              3960348   1966684   1789240  53% /
/dev/sda3             34640104   4620328  28231744  15% /home
/dev/sda1                46633     10387     33838  24% /boot
tmpfs                   517644         0    517644   0% /dev/shm
[root@localhost ~]#
[root@localhost ~]# df /opt
Filesystem           1K-blocks      Used Available Use% Mounted on
/dev/sda2              3960348   1966684   1789240  53% /
[root@localhost ~]#

0
Comment
Question by:Christopher Schene
  • 2
4 Comments
 
LVL 3

Expert Comment

by:pitt7
ID: 33431496
Resizing of partitions needs two steps:
Changing the partition table and resizing the file system.

You can do these steps manually with fdisk (or other partition editors) the file system resizing tool of the used filesystem (resize2fs for ext2/3/4 for example).

But I suggest to try out parted (if you have X you can use gparted (GTK) or qparted (QT) as frontend). This does both steps.

Always ensure you have a backup before changing anything. It can be useful for disaster recovery to save the output of fdisk -lu.
0
 
LVL 1

Accepted Solution

by:
bguyton3 earned 300 total points
ID: 33431828
Note that your /opt partition is not actually a separate partition, but simply a directory in your root partition.

Since you're not using a logical volume manager, what you are really asking is if you can increase the size of your root partition.  This would involve moving your entire /home partition, which is fairly large.  I'm and old fart and may be out of touch, but generally in my experience, you're not going to be able to move the start of that /home filesystem on sda3 to a later spot on that partition without having to migrate the data there.

The absolute easiest thing to do would be to transfer the /opt data to /home (/home/opt) and simpliy make a symlink to it (rsync -av /opt /home; mv /opt /opt/old; ln -s /home/opt /opt).  Not the prettiest, but probably the simplest to accomplish
0
 
LVL 3

Assisted Solution

by:pitt7
pitt7 earned 200 total points
ID: 33432360
Another option is shrinking your /home partition (which is quite easy) and creating a new partition for /opt.

Example:
umount /home
(You have to umount the partition to shrink it, enlarging works online too)

resize2fs /dev/sda3 30G
(30G means 30GB use whatever you want but it cannot be smaller than the actually used space of course.)

Resizing partitions with fdisk/cfdisk is not possible. You have to delete them and recreate. This is not a problem but ensure the start sector is the same as before. Otherwise the filesystem on the new partition won't mount. So use Sector Units in cfdisk.

To ensure the new partition isn't smaller than the resized filesystem on it make the partition 1G bigger as your filesystem resize. Of course it's possible to calculate the exact size of the partition for the filesystem size but it's a bit work. So I prefer to shrink to a smaller value, create the new partition with the desired size and running:
resize2fs /dev/sda3
afterwards. This will enlarge the filesystem to the partition size.

You can try to shrink /home with parted too.

After shrinking home you have new space left on your disk at the end, create a new partition, format it and copy /opt to the new partition. Then the contents of /opt and mount the new partition to /opt. (Make a fstab entry to mount the new partition to /opt on each boot.)
0
 

Author Comment

by:Christopher Schene
ID: 33448247
Ok, I did the following

1) I unmounted /home
2) e2fsck -f /dev/sda3
3) resize2fs /dev/sda3 30G

Ok, I know this is what I am to do next but I don't know the command specifics: After shrinking home you have new space left on your disk at the end, create a new partition, format it and copy /opt to the new partition. Then the contents of /opt and mount the new partition to /opt. (Make a fstab entry to mount the new partition to /opt on each boot.)
0

Featured Post

Simplifying Server Workload Migrations

This use case outlines the migration challenges that organizations face and how the Acronis AnyData Engine supports physical-to-physical (P2P), physical-to-virtual (P2V), virtual to physical (V2P), and cross-virtual (V2V) migration scenarios to address these challenges.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

In this article, I show you step by step with screenshots to assist you - HOW TO: Deploy and Install the VMware vCenter Server Appliance 6.5 (VCSA 6.5), with some helpful tips along the way.
Giving access to ESXi shell console is always an issue for IT departments to other Teams, or Projects. We need to find a way so that teams can use ESXTOP for their POCs, or tests without giving them the access to ESXi host shell console with a root …
This Micro Tutorial steps you through the configuration steps to configure your ESXi host Management Network settings and test the management network, ensure the host is recognized by the DNS Server, configure a new password, and the troubleshooting…
This Micro Tutorial walks you through using a remote console to access a server and install ESXi 5.1. This example is showing remote access and installation using a Dell server. The hypervisor is the very first component of your virtual infrastructu…

828 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question