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WPF Button Image

Posted on 2010-08-17
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Last Modified: 2013-11-12
I wish to load images to button controls in a WPF application at run time. Based on application scenario, I wish to know how to change the button image.

I know the static way of loading images, but I need inputs on how to load it dynamically.
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Question by:narayanan_mahalingam
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8 Comments
 
LVL 63

Expert Comment

by:Fernando Soto
ID: 33460371
Hi narayanan_mahalingam;

You can do that as shown in the code snippet below.

Fernando
// Create the image element.
Image simpleImage = new Image();

// Create source.
BitmapImage bi = new BitmapImage();
// BitmapImage.UriSource must be in a BeginInit/EndInit block.
bi.BeginInit();
// The first parameter of Uri is the location of the image on disk
bi.UriSource = new Uri(@"D:\Temp\Photo.jpg", UriKind.RelativeOrAbsolute);
bi.EndInit();
// Set the image source.
simpleImage.Source = bi;

// Assuming that the button name is button1 
button1.Content = simpleImage;

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LVL 10

Expert Comment

by:k_swapnil
ID: 33461506
Hi Narayan,

Please have a look at the code below...
I have used binding and INotifyPropertyChanged Interface for the solution.

For the sample purposes I have used the code behind as the DataContext for the xaml file but you can replace it as per your needs.

Thx!
Swaps....
///WINDOW2.XAML

<Window x:Class="WpfApplication1.Window2"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    Title="Window2" Height="300" Width="300">
    <StackPanel>
      <Button Width="150" Height="50" Margin="10">
            <Image Source="{Binding ScenarioImage}"/>
      </Button>
        <ComboBox Margin="20" Height="27" Width="209" SelectionChanged="ComboBox_SelectionChanged">
            <ComboBoxItem>Scenario 1</ComboBoxItem>
            <ComboBoxItem>Scenario 2</ComboBoxItem>
            <ComboBoxItem>Scenario 3</ComboBoxItem>
        </ComboBox>
    </StackPanel>
</Window>

=======================================================

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Data;
using System.Windows.Documents;
using System.Windows.Input;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Imaging;
using System.Windows.Shapes;
using System.ComponentModel;

namespace WpfApplication1
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Interaction logic for Window2.xaml
    /// </summary>
    public partial class Window2 : Window, INotifyPropertyChanged
    {
        private BitmapImage _scenarioImage;
        public BitmapImage ScenarioImage
        {
            get
            {
                return _scenarioImage;
            }
            set
            {
                _scenarioImage = value;
                OnPropertyChanged("ScenarioImage");
            }
        }

        public Window2()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
            ScenarioImage = new BitmapImage(new Uri(@"..\Resources\folder.png", UriKind.Relative));
            this.DataContext = this;
        }

        private void ComboBox_SelectionChanged(object sender, SelectionChangedEventArgs e)
        {
            ComboBox cmb = sender as ComboBox;
            if (cmb.SelectedIndex == 0) // senario - 1
            {
                ScenarioImage = new BitmapImage(new Uri(@"..\Resources\folder.png", UriKind.Relative));
            }
            if (cmb.SelectedIndex == 1) // senario - 2
            {
                ScenarioImage = new BitmapImage(new Uri(@"..\Resources\wmpnss_bw48.png", UriKind.Relative));
            }
            if (cmb.SelectedIndex == 2) // senario - 3
            {
                ScenarioImage = new BitmapImage(new Uri(@"..\Resources\wmpnss_color48.png", UriKind.Relative));
            }
        }

        #region INotifyPropertyChanged Members

        /// <summary>
        /// Property Changed Event Handler
        /// </summary>
        public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;

        /// <summary>
        /// Property Changed Event Handler
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="name">name of property</param>
        protected void OnPropertyChanged(string name)
        {
            PropertyChangedEventHandler handler = PropertyChanged;
            if (handler != null)
            {
                handler(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs(name));
            }
        }

        #endregion
    }
}

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Author Comment

by:narayanan_mahalingam
ID: 33466542
Swapnil
I am not able to get your code working wi th the relative Uri. Only when I hardcode the complete path for the BitmapImage constructor does the image load.
I have added the folder with the images into the project. What else am I  missing in making in the relative Uri work?
narayanan
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LVL 10

Accepted Solution

by:
k_swapnil earned 250 total points
ID: 33466854
its the relative path from the exe...

For eg my exe is in SampleProject\Debug folder and images are SampleProject\Resources folder, so the relative path is ..\Resources\xyz.png.

"..\" is used to come out of the folder.

Hope this helps...if not please let me know your folder structure (full paths of the directories) i.e where exe is present and where images are present

Thx!
Swaps...
0
 

Author Comment

by:narayanan_mahalingam
ID: 33466931
Swaps
My exe is in the following location
MyProject\bin\Debug\*.exe

I have put the images in the following folder and added into the project.

MyProject\Images\*.png

I gave the relative Uri as new Uri(@"../../Images/folder.png", UriKind.Relative). This does not work.

Hope my uri path is right..
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LVL 10

Expert Comment

by:k_swapnil
ID: 33472110
Have you added the images into project resources?

Thx!
Swaps...
1.JPG
0
 
LVL 63

Expert Comment

by:Fernando Soto
ID: 33475315
Hi Swaps;

So you don't like the very first solution?

Fernando
0
 

Author Comment

by:narayanan_mahalingam
ID: 33477747
Swapnil

I added the resources thru the Project Properties as per your suggestion. Still, the images do not show up in the button.
I am using VC# 2010 Express.
Is there anything I can look for in the debug window to check for the path correctness?
Narayanan
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