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creating a dataview in ado.net (connecting to ms access database)

Posted on 2010-08-18
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Last Modified: 2012-05-10
Hi, what is wrong with the code below?

I have a few lines of code in my codebehind where I call my CreateConnection class and create the object. You can see the class below. So, the connection works fine but dt.Load(cmd.ExecuteReader()) does not when i try and create the dataview by calling the objCC.CreateDataView("Ref No") function in my class

the error occurs on the line dt.Load(cmd.ExecuteReader()) which says that 'Object reference not set to an instance of an object.'

'in my webpage codebehind
strSQL = "SELECT * FROM([CTC Table])"
Dim objCC As New CreateConnection(strConnection, strSQL)
objCC.CreateDataView("Ref No") 'Does not work properly
objCC.cnnADO.Close()

'connection works fine but dt.Load(cmd.ExecuteReader()) does not
Public Class CreateConnection

   Public ds As New DataSet()
   Public cnnADO As OleDbConnection
   Public cmd As OleDbCommand
   Public dt As DataTable


   Public Sub New(ByVal strConnection As String, ByVal strSQL As String)

      Connect(strConnection, strSQL)

   End Sub
   Private Sub Connect(ByVal strConnection As String, ByVal strSQL As String)

      cnnADO = New OleDbConnection(strConnection)
      cmd = New OleDbCommand(strConnection, cnnADO)
      cmd.CommandText = strSQL

      cnnADO.Open()
      Dim da As New OleDbDataAdapter(strSQL, strConnection)
      da.Fill(ds)

   End Sub
   Public Sub CreateDataView(ByVal strColumn)

      dt = New DataTable()
      dt = ds.Tables("CTC Table")
      dt.Load(cmd.ExecuteReader())

      Dim dv As DataView = New DataView(dt)
      'dv.RowFilter = ""
      dv.Sort = strColumn

   End Sub

End Class

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Question by:AidenA
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16 Comments
 
LVL 53

Expert Comment

by:Dhaest
ID: 33463090
>> dt.Load(cmd.ExecuteReader())

What are you trying here ?
I assume that the datatable has already been filled (dt = ds.Tables("CTC Table"))
0
 

Author Comment

by:AidenA
ID: 33463260
don't know what i'm doing to be honest! just looking at this for the first time so trying to get it working from code i've seen on internet.

If i remove that line, then the code fails on 'dv.Sort = strColumn' where the error is 'DataTable must be set prior to using DataView.'

So, i'm just guessing but it sounds like from that error the datatable has not been filled? I know the dataset is filled as i can access the values... just need to get it working beyond that point to get the dataview working
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LVL 53

Assisted Solution

by:Dhaest
Dhaest earned 500 total points
ID: 33463361
Are you sure that this dt = ds.Tables("CTC Table") gives you back a datatable ?

How is your datatable called ? "CTC Table" or just "CTC" ?
Public Sub CreateDataView(ByVal strColumn)

      dt = New DataTable()
      dt = ds.Tables("CTC Table")
 
      if not dt is nothing then 
          Dim dv As DataView = New DataView(dt)
         'dv.RowFilter = ""
         dv.Sort = strColumn
      else
           messagebox.show("Datatable 'ctc table' does not exist")
      end if
   End Sub

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Author Comment

by:AidenA
ID: 33463381
yeah i just figured it out myself , used this line of code below

dt = ds.Tables(0)

i think "CTC Table" has nothing to do with the name of the table but actually the name of the dataset table.

well, you might be able to help me further anyway as i look at this, otherwise i'll just give a few points as your first post made me think a bit more
0
 

Author Comment

by:AidenA
ID: 33463400
actually, maybe you could save me some time and show me how to then iterate through a dataview to find the columns and rows i want and put into a variance, that sort of thing
0
 
LVL 53

Expert Comment

by:Dhaest
ID: 33463410
By the way: I see that you create a dataview, but you don't return it after you call the function. What are you going to do with it, perhaps you should change it from sub to function. Example below


'in my webpage codebehind
strSQL = "SELECT * FROM([CTC Table])"
Dim objCC As New CreateConnection(strConnection, strSQL)
Dim dataView as New Dataview = objCC.CreateDataView("Ref No")
objCC.cnnADO.Close()

Public Function CreateDataView(ByVal strColumn) as DataView

      dt = New DataTable()
      dt = ds.Tables(0)
      Dim dv As DataView = New DataView(dt)
      'dv.RowFilter = ""
      dv.Sort = strColumn

      return dv
End Function

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LVL 53

Expert Comment

by:Dhaest
ID: 33463420
0
 
LVL 53

Assisted Solution

by:Dhaest
Dhaest earned 500 total points
ID: 33463439
Walking through a DataView
http://www.knowdotnet.com/articles/iteratingdataview.html

VB.NET DataRow Tips
http://dotnetperls.com/datarow-vbnet



For Each rowView As DataRowView in dataView 
    Dim row As DataRow = rowView.Row 

       ' Loop over ItemArray.
        For Each item As Object In row1.ItemArray
            ' Test the type of each element.
            If (TypeOf item Is Integer) Then
                Console.WriteLine("Integer")
            ElseIf (TypeOf item Is String) Then
                Console.WriteLine("String")
            ElseIf (TypeOf item Is DateTime) Then
                Console.WriteLine("DateTime")
            End If
        Next


Next 

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Accepted Solution

by:
AidenA earned 0 total points
ID: 33463458
actually this is what i've done as an example, figured out how to iterate through it so it's working fine

does that seem an ok way to go about it, or should i create my own local version of the dataview and set it to the one in my class?
strSQL = "SELECT * FROM([CTC Table])"
Dim objCC As New CreateConnection(strConnection, strSQL)
objCC.CreateDataView("Ref No")

For Each oRow As Object In objCC.dv.Table.Rows
    Dim strInt1 As String = oRow.Item("Ref No").ToString()
    Dim strString1 As String = oRow.Item("Created By").ToString
Next

objCC.cnnADO.Close()

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LVL 53

Expert Comment

by:Dhaest
ID: 33463464
You can use the dataview you created within your objcc-class
0
 

Author Comment

by:AidenA
ID: 33463484
ok, perfect, you've been a great help thanks...

Aiden
0
 
LVL 53

Expert Comment

by:Dhaest
ID: 33463491
Glad I could help you
0
 

Author Comment

by:AidenA
ID: 33463515
ah... when i try to close these questions by accepting my own solution but giving the points for other assisted solutions it doesn't seem to work?

i think it didn't work there again yeah? should we get a moderator to check what's going on there?
0
 
LVL 53

Expert Comment

by:Dhaest
ID: 33463554
Why delete this question ? I thought that I gave some usefull information (and I also mentioned before you said you found the solution the problem that probably was occuring - wrong tablename in the creation of your dataview).

Moderators, like the asker mentioned:
- close this questions by accepting my own solution but giving the points for other assisted solutions ....
0
 

Author Comment

by:AidenA
ID: 33463594
no don't want to delete question at all... just want to accept my own solution and then give you 500 points for one of your assisted solutions. (just for the sake of someone who may be looking at this question at a later date... then they will be able to find what the solution actually was more quickly). But each time i try to do this, it doesn't work.

I have sent a message to moderator, will sort out why i can't seem to do it anymore (used to be able to do it fine)
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