XSL transform (C# Visual Studio) from xml to html converting   to ?

XSL version 1.0, can't change to 2.0 at the moment because of Visual Studio I believe.

Converting html code from an xml document with a few minor edits to straight html output.
There are many places in the source file where there are series of  s, I've tried calling normalize-space on the text as it's being processed but this doesn't appear to make a blind bit of difference.

The source xml file is ANSI.
I've tried the xsl file's own encoding and the output encoding as windows-1252 but it doesn't help.

I've also got the encoding for the XmlTextWriter for the transform output set to ASCIIEncoding in the C# code.

Any suggestions?
capsoftukAsked:
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Geert BormansInformation ArchitectCommented:
make a general template for text nodes()
in which you do
<xsl:value-of select="normalize-space(translate(., '&#160;', ' ')"/>

or run that on every value-of you have
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capsoftukAuthor Commented:
That's my last resort but I'd like to understand why it's happening.
I'm sure it's something to do with the encoding.

Should <template select="text()"> run it for for all text nodes?
I've tried doing that and debugging the xsl but it doesn't seem to be picking up the text from inside paragraph tags, just stray text and spaces that are inside div tags.
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Geert BormansInformation ArchitectCommented:
why? since non breaking space is not supposed to be collapsed by normalize-space()
If they are in there, you will need to get them out one way or another

a template with text nodes will be active for all text nodes that are pushed out using apply-templates
if you have a value-of somewhere, that means end-point of processing... and you will not hit the template

but you can usually safely replace
<xsl:value-of select="."/> with <xsl:apply-templates/>
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capsoftukAuthor Commented:
Ah, so it doesn't work on nbsp, that I didn't know, and it of course explains everything.
Thank you!
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Geert BormansInformation ArchitectCommented:
welcome
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