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replace white with transparent

Posted on 2010-08-18
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Medium Priority
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Last Modified: 2012-06-21
using a png image

is there a way to go through an image and replace white (0xff)
with

another color

transparency color  would be the best
//load the image
$img = imagecreatefromjpeg("http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/413XvF0yukL._SL500_AA280_.jpg");

//find the size of the borders
$b_top = 0;
$b_btm = 0;
$b_lft = 0;
$b_rt = 0;

//top
for(; $b_top < imagesy($img); ++$b_top) {
  for($x = 0; $x < imagesx($img); ++$x) {
    if(imagecolorat($img, $x, $b_top) != 0xFFFFFF) {
       break 2; //out of the 'top' loop
    }
  }
}

//bottom
for(; $b_btm < imagesy($img); ++$b_btm) {
  for($x = 0; $x < imagesx($img); ++$x) {
    if(imagecolorat($img, $x, imagesy($img) - $b_btm-1) != 0xFFFFFF) {
       break 2; //out of the 'bottom' loop
    }
  }
}

//left
for(; $b_lft < imagesx($img); ++$b_lft) {
  for($y = 0; $y < imagesy($img); ++$y) {
    if(imagecolorat($img, $b_lft, $y) != 0xFFFFFF) {
       break 2; //out of the 'left' loop
    }
  }
}

//right
for(; $b_rt < imagesx($img); ++$b_rt) {
  for($y = 0; $y < imagesy($img); ++$y) {
    if(imagecolorat($img, imagesx($img) - $b_rt-1, $y) != 0xFFFFFF) {
       break 2; //out of the 'right' loop
    }
  }
}

//copy the contents, excluding the border
$newimg = imagecreatetruecolor(
    imagesx($img)-($b_lft+$b_rt), imagesy($img)-($b_top+$b_btm));

imagecopy($newimg, $img, 0, 0, $b_lft, $b_top, imagesx($newimg), imagesy($newimg));

//finally, output the image
header("Content-Type: image/jpeg");
imagejpeg($newimg);

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Question by:rgb192
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2 Comments
 
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Accepted Solution

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Shadowcat989 earned 2000 total points
ID: 33473192
I would use the imagecolortransparent() function inside of the GD library. The API for that function describes it pretty well here: http://us3.php.net/manual/en/function.imagecolortransparent.php

The only thing you would need to do is adapt their sample from black to white by using the following imagecolorallocate call: $white = imagecolorallocate($im, 255, 255, 255);

Here are two different versions of a text example. The first one creates a black box and writes red text on it.
<?php
// Writes a black image with red text
header ('Content-type: image/png');
$im = @imagecreatetruecolor(120, 20)
      or die('Cannot Initialize new GD image stream');
$text_color = imagecolorallocate($im, 233, 14, 91);
imagestring($im, 1, 5, 5,  'A Simple Text String', $text_color);
imagepng($im);
imagedestroy($im);
?>

 While the second example does the exact same thing, only after it writes the text it takes all of the black in the file and turns it transparent
<?php
// Writes a black image turned transparent with red text
header ('Content-type: image/png');
$im = @imagecreatetruecolor(120, 20)
      or die('Cannot Initialize new GD image stream');
$text_color = imagecolorallocate($im, 233, 14, 91);
imagestring($im, 1, 5, 5,  'A Simple Text String', $text_color);
$black = imagecolorallocate($im, 0, 0, 0);
imagecolortransparent($im, $black);
imagepng($im);
imagedestroy($im);
?>
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:rgb192
ID: 33570180
thanks
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