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Which roles and features should I use on my new 2008 server?

Posted on 2010-08-19
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Last Modified: 2012-05-10
I purchased a new server (Windows 2008-R2 Standard Full version) and Exchange 2010.  It will arrive in a couple of weeks.  Nothing is being migrated.  It's all new.

On a spare non-production computer, I have installed Windows 2008-R2 Standard Full Version on th e C:\ drive. I will eventually install Exchange Server 2010 on the D:\ drive.

The setup screen is asking me to select server roles and features.  I am not familair with all of them and can only go by what is running on my existing windows 2000 server computer.

Here is what I would like to do:
1) Share folders containing word and excel documents with all users
2) Allow remote access to users to vpn to shared folders on the server
3) Allow remote access to users to view there own desktop computers and edit files on there own C:\ drive
4) Send/receive e-mail with Exchange Server 2010
5) Allow users remote access to e-mail (Outlook Web Access)
6) Server is DHCP Server
7) Server is Wins Server
8) Server is DNS Server
9) Server runs smtp service
10) Server is the Domain Controller

In order for me to accomplish the above, what server role / feature do you recommend?

My users will be using Outlook 2003, Outlook 2007 and Outlook 2010
in a Windows XP Pro, windows Vista Pro, Windows 7 Pro environment.

Thanks for your help!
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Question by:WeThePeople
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20 Comments
 

Author Comment

by:WeThePeople
ID: 33478303
I forgot to attach the images, see below.
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Author Comment

by:WeThePeople
ID: 33478322
Select Server Roles
00---Select-Server-Roles.jpg
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Author Comment

by:WeThePeople
ID: 33478344
Select Features
01-Server-Features.pdf
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Author Comment

by:WeThePeople
ID: 33478357
Select Feature 1
01---Features-1.jpg
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Author Comment

by:WeThePeople
ID: 33478363
Select Feature 2
02---Features-2.jpg
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Author Comment

by:WeThePeople
ID: 33478368
Select Feature 3
03---Features-3.jpg
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Author Comment

by:WeThePeople
ID: 33478372
Select Feature 4
04---Features-4.jpg
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Author Comment

by:WeThePeople
ID: 33478377
Select Feature 5
05---Features-5.jpg
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Author Comment

by:WeThePeople
ID: 33478381
Select Feature 6
06---Features-6.jpg
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Author Comment

by:WeThePeople
ID: 33478471
From Microsoft's web site, it looks like the roles for the Standard Server are:  (See image below)
Windows-2008-Standard-server-rol.jpg
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LVL 59

Expert Comment

by:Darius Ghassem
ID: 33478697
All of those roles should NOT be running on the same machine this will cause issues with DNS and AD. You will also see issues with Exchange you want to use all of  the roles but using will cause issues.
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Author Comment

by:WeThePeople
ID: 33478815
My existing server is running Windows server 2000, Active Directory, DHCP, WINS, DNS, Exchange Server 2000, VPN, IIS and outlook web access for about 10 users.  We do not have any problems with it.  It's just too old, we wanted a new server.  
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LVL 59

Expert Comment

by:Darius Ghassem
ID: 33478913
Again this is not a supported solution and you will see issues. For an example Exchange should not be installed on a DC. VPN should not run on a DC or Exchange. All the others are really ok.

Even Exchange and a DC can be installed on each other even though  this is not supported.

But VPN is a NO NO on Exchange and DC.
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Author Comment

by:WeThePeople
ID: 33478976
I think it's called remote desktop services in server 2008.  It replaces vpn.
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Author Comment

by:WeThePeople
ID: 33478990
I have been running AD, DC, Exchange, VPN on the 2000 server for 8 years now, without any problems.
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LVL 59

Expert Comment

by:Darius Ghassem
ID: 33479025
Different VPN is different then RDP. RDP should not be run on a Exchange server or VPN solution.

What you can do is setup Remote Desktop Web connection which will bypass the server and connect to their clients.

http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc771908(WS.10).aspx

Have you thought about SBS?
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Author Comment

by:WeThePeople
ID: 33479172
I purchased a Dell SBS 2008 server in July.  I had to return it.  With Dell tech support installing the OS, within 20 minutes we realized the installation would fail.  Why?  Because SBS 2008 only supports one internet domain name, not three like I have.

In Server 2008-R2, Terminal services has been replaced by Remote Desktop Services.
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LVL 59

Expert Comment

by:Darius Ghassem
ID: 33479237
Yes, that is correct but RDS should not be installed on a DC or Exchange server.

You can though install the Remote Desktop Web connection.

RDS is RDS.

VPN is RAS.
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Author Comment

by:WeThePeople
ID: 33479735
Then I will:
(1) Install vpn (RAS) on the Server and
(2) Remote Desktop Web connection on each users computer (adding ports to the router) as needed.

The first choice allows users to access documents on the Server while the second choice allows users to access there desktop computer.

Is that correct?
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LVL 59

Accepted Solution

by:
Darius Ghassem earned 500 total points
ID: 33480330
You should not install VPN on the server at all.

You should install the RDW connection so clients can access this page to directly connect to their computers.

You can purchase a cheap VPN router that will allow for VPN access to your network without affecting your DC and Exchange server.
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