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pivot syntax

Posted on 2010-08-23
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Last Modified: 2012-05-10
can anyone help me with this syntax...i get this error at line 5

Msg 102, Level 15, State 1, Line 5
Incorrect syntax near ','.
select *
from ttg_monthly_revenue_vw
pivot
(
	sum([sales]),
	sum([cogs]),
	sum([trans billing amt]) 
	for [month] in (
					[JAN],[FEB],[MAR],[APR],[MAY],[JUN],[JUL],[AUG],[SEP],[OCT],[NOV],[DEC]
					) PVTTBL

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Question by:k1ng87
  • 5
  • 4
10 Comments
 
LVL 41

Expert Comment

by:ralmada
ID: 33504550
something like this?

select 	max([JAN]) as [Jan],
	max([JAN_cogs]) as [Jan_cogs],
	max([JAN_tba]) as [JAN_tba],
	... and so on...
from (
	select 	sales, 
		[cogs], 
		[trans billing amt], 
		[month], 
		[month] + '_cogs' as [month_cogs], 
		[month] + '_tba' as [month_tba]
	from ttg_monthly_revenue_vw
) o
pivot(sum([sales]) for [month] in ([JAN],[FEB],[MAR],[APR],[MAY],[JUN],[JUL],[AUG],[SEP],[OCT],[NOV],[DEC]) PVTTBL
pivot(sum([cogs]) for [month_cogs] in ([JAN_cogs],[FEB_cogs],[MAR_cogs],[APR_cogs],[MAY_cogs],[JUN_cogs],[JUL_cogs],[AUG_cogs],[SEP_cogs],[OCT_cogs],[NOV_cogs],[DEC_cogs]) PVTTBL1
pivot(sum([trans billing amt]) for [month_tba] in ([JAN_tba],[FEB_tba],[MAR_tba],[APR_tba],[MAY_tba],[JUN_tba],[JUL_tba],[AUG_tba],[SEP_tba],[OCT_tba],[NOV_tba],[DEC_tba]) PVTTBL2

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Expert Comment

by:GaneshSP
ID: 33529680
Can you tell me the table structure,values and what is the data you want?
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Author Comment

by:k1ng87
ID: 33532543
My table structure is the following:

 [TRANS].[dbo].[ttg_ssrs_reporting_metrics_vw]
           ([segment]
           ,[group]
           ,[division]
           ,[division_city]
           ,[inv_year_id]
           ,[inv_month_id]
           ,[TransCost]
           ,[Sales]
           ,[COGS]
           ,[trans billing amt])
 
I would like to pivot the table to the following:

Segment | group | Division | division_city | Inv_year_ID | Entry_Type | Jan | Feb | Mar | Apr | May | etc...
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                            transcost
                                                                                            COGS
                                                                                            transbillingAmt
                                                                                            Sales
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LVL 41

Expert Comment

by:ralmada
ID: 33533144
In that case you first need to unpivot and then pivot
See the below:

select 	[segment]
	,[group]
	,[division]
        ,[division_city]
	,[inv_year_id]
	,Entry_type
	,[JAN],[FEB],[MAR],[APR],[MAY],[JUN],[JUL],[AUG],[SEP],[OCT],[NOV],[DEC]
from 					
(
	select      a.[segment]
        	   ,a.[group]
	           ,a.[division]
        	   ,a.[division_city]
	           ,a.[inv_year_id]
        	   ,a.[inv_month_id]
		   ,up.Entry_type
        	   ,up.Amount
	from ttg_ssrs_reporting_metrics_vw a
	unpivot (amount for Entry_type in (Transcost, Sales, COGCS, [trans billing amt])) up
) o
pivot (sum(Amount) for inv_month_id in ([JAN],[FEB],[MAR],[APR],[MAY],[JUN],[JUL],[AUG],[SEP],[OCT],[NOV],[DEC])) p

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Expert Comment

by:ralmada
ID: 33533243
same query, a bit more tidy:

select	[segment]
	,[group]
	,[division]
	,[division_city]
	,[inv_year_id]
	,Entry_type
	,[JAN],[FEB],[MAR],[APR],[MAY],[JUN],[JUL],[AUG],[SEP],[OCT],[NOV],[DEC]
from 					
(
	select	a.[segment]
		,a.[group]
		,a.[division]
		,a.[division_city]
		,a.[inv_year_id]
		,a.[inv_month_id]
		,up.Entry_type
		,up.Amount
	from ttg_ssrs_reporting_metrics_vw a
	unpivot (amount for Entry_type in (Transcost, Sales, COGCS, [trans billing amt])) up
) o
pivot (sum(Amount) for inv_month_id in ([JAN],[FEB],[MAR],[APR],[MAY],[JUN],[JUL],[AUG],[SEP],[OCT],[NOV],[DEC])) p

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Author Comment

by:k1ng87
ID: 33533786
getting this error:

Msg 8167, Level 16, State 1, Line 1
The type of column "Sales" conflicts with the type of other columns specified in the UNPIVOT list.
Msg 207, Level 16, State 1, Line 19
Invalid column name 'COGCS'.
Msg 4104, Level 16, State 1, Line 19
The multi-part identifier "a.segment" could not be bound.
Msg 4104, Level 16, State 1, Line 19
The multi-part identifier "a.group" could not be bound.
Msg 4104, Level 16, State 1, Line 19
The multi-part identifier "a.division" could not be bound.
Msg 4104, Level 16, State 1, Line 19
The multi-part identifier "a.division_city" could not be bound.
Msg 4104, Level 16, State 1, Line 19
The multi-part identifier "a.inv_year_id" could not be bound.
Msg 4104, Level 16, State 1, Line 19
The multi-part identifier "a.inv_month_id" could not be bound.
0
 
LVL 41

Expert Comment

by:ralmada
ID: 33534137
ok, check this now:
select	[segment]
	,[group]
	,[division]
	,[division_city]
	,[inv_year_id]
	,Entry_type
	,[JAN],[FEB],[MAR],[APR],[MAY],[JUN],[JUL],[AUG],[SEP],[OCT],[NOV],[DEC]
from 					
(
	select	[segment]
		,[group]
		,[division]
		,[division_city]
		,[inv_year_id]
		,[inv_month_id]
		,up.Entry_type
		,up.Amount
	from (
		select 	segment, group, division, division_city,inv_year_id, inv_month_id,
			convert(sql_variant, Transcost) as Transcost,
			convert(sql_variant, Sales) as Sales,
			convert(sql_variant, COGCS) as COGCs,
			convert(sql_variant, [trans billing amt]) as [trans billing amt]
		from ttg_ssrs_reporting_metrics_vw
	) a
	unpivot (amount for Entry_type in (Transcost, Sales, COGCS, [trans billing amt])) up
) o
pivot (sum(Amount) for inv_month_id in ([JAN],[FEB],[MAR],[APR],[MAY],[JUN],[JUL],[AUG],[SEP],[OCT],[NOV],[DEC])) p

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Author Comment

by:k1ng87
ID: 33534215
now getting this error...we're getting closer!! hahaha


Msg 8117, Level 16, State 1, Line 1
Operand data type sql_variant is invalid for sum operator.
0
 
LVL 1

Author Comment

by:k1ng87
ID: 33534228
if I remove the sql_variant conversion in line 20-23 I get this error then:


Msg 8167, Level 16, State 1, Line 1
The type of column "Sales" conflicts with the type of other columns specified in the UNPIVOT list.
0
 
LVL 41

Accepted Solution

by:
ralmada earned 2000 total points
ID: 33534798
what is the datatype of the Transcost, Sales, COGCS and trans billing amt column? can you just make them all the same datatype?
The below will make them all decimal 10, 2.
 
 

select	[segment]
	,[group]
	,[division]
	,[division_city]
	,[inv_year_id]
	,Entry_type
	,[JAN],[FEB],[MAR],[APR],[MAY],[JUN],[JUL],[AUG],[SEP],[OCT],[NOV],[DEC]
from 					
(
	select	[segment]
		,[group]
		,[division]
		,[division_city]
		,[inv_year_id]
		,[inv_month_id]
		,up.Entry_type
		,up.Amount
	from (
		select 	segment, group, division, division_city,inv_year_id, inv_month_id,
			convert(decimal(10,2), Transcost) as Transcost,
			convert(decimal(10,2), Sales) as Sales,
			convert(decimal(10,2), COGCS) as COGCs,
			convert(decimal(10,2), [trans billing amt]) as [trans billing amt]
		from ttg_ssrs_reporting_metrics_vw
	) a
	unpivot (amount for Entry_type in (Transcost, Sales, COGCS, [trans billing amt])) up
) o
pivot (sum(Amount) for inv_month_id in ([JAN],[FEB],[MAR],[APR],[MAY],[JUN],[JUL],[AUG],[SEP],[OCT],[NOV],[DEC])) p

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