Solved

SQL Lookup table with multiple references based on update date field

Posted on 2010-08-24
5
407 Views
Last Modified: 2012-06-27
Hello,

Trying to wrap my head around the best approach with this.  One table tracks the status of a staff member with whatever code they select.  It records the date and time in which they make their selection.

Another table stores the description of the codes available.  It also stores the date in which that code was updated (which can also apply to it being created).  So you could potentially have the same code repeated but with different dates.

So what I would like to do is produce a report which reports the correct code for the date the selection was made.  In the example attached, August 20th Code 2 meant they were on break.  But by August 23rd, code 2 has changed to On Phone.  So for all days between Aug 20th and Aug 22nd it should report it as On Break.  After the 23rd it should report it as On Phone.  

How would this be constructed in SQL? (I include my weak and feable attempt as it doesnt work)

SELECT *

  FROM CodeLogging log

 INNER JOIN CodeReference ref ON log.code = ref.code AND log.Date >= ref.LastUpdate

Open in new window

SampleReport.xls
0
Comment
Question by:Wedmore
5 Comments
 
LVL 9

Expert Comment

by:rg20
ID: 33516416
You would need and audit table that shows the version of the code and what the previous values are for that date range.  Then you could select the message where the date selected is between the start and end dates.
0
 
LVL 11

Assisted Solution

by:Larissa T
Larissa T earned 100 total points
ID: 33516431
You need 2 dates for each code: start date - end date

ON log.code = ref.code AND log.Date >= ref.LastUpdate and log.Date <ref.lastValidDate

 
0
 

Expert Comment

by:benzadon
ID: 33516618

SELECT *
FROM CodeLogging log
INNER JOIN CodeReference ref ON log.code = ref.code
WHERE log.Date >= ref.LastUpdate
0
 
LVL 32

Accepted Solution

by:
ewangoya earned 400 total points
ID: 33517719
You could create a days calendar and join your tables to it
CREATE FUNCTION [dbo].[DAY_CALENDAR]
(
      @StartDate TDATETIME,
      @EndDate TDATETIME
)
RETURNS
      @DYCALENDAR TABLE
(
      StartDate DATETIME,
      EndDate DATETIME,
      OnDay DATETIME
)
AS
BEGIN
      DECLARE @varStartTime TDATETIME, @varEndTime TDATETIME
      
      set @varStartTime = DATEADD(dd, 0, DATEDIFF(dd, 0, @StartDate))
      
      while @varStartTime <= @EndDate
      begin
            set @varEndTime = DATEADD(DD, 1, @varStartTime) --end time
            set @varRes = @varStartTime
            
            insert into @DYCALENDAR
            values (@varStartTime, @varEndTime, @varStartTime)
            
            set @varStartTime = @varEndTime
      end            
      
      RETURN
END
       
Query
SELECT *
FROM CodeLogging log
INNER JOIN CodeReference ref ON log.code = ref.code
INNER JOIN  DAY_CALENDAR(08/01/2010', '08/31/2010') LOGDAYS ON
  (log.date >= LOGDAYS.StartDate  and log.Date < LOGDAYS.EndDate)

0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:Wedmore
ID: 33532576
I have a dates table already so I can see that I could maybe use that.

benzdon thats just repeating the query I sent by moving the filter from the join to the where clause, it still wouldnt work.
0

Featured Post

What Should I Do With This Threat Intelligence?

Are you wondering if you actually need threat intelligence? The answer is yes. We explain the basics for creating useful threat intelligence.

Join & Write a Comment

Suggested Solutions

In this article—a derivative of my DaytaBase.org blog post (http://daytabase.org/2011/06/18/what-week-is-it/)—I will explore a few different perspectives on which week today's date falls within using Microsoft SQL Server. First, to frame this stu…
Having an SQL database can be a big investment for a small company. Hardware, setup and of course, the price of software all add up to a big bill that some companies may not be able to absorb.  Luckily, there is a free version SQL Express, but does …
Familiarize people with the process of retrieving data from SQL Server using an Access pass-thru query. Microsoft Access is a very powerful client/server development tool. One of the ways that you can retrieve data from a SQL Server is by using a pa…
Via a live example, show how to extract insert data into a SQL Server database table using the Import/Export option and Bulk Insert.

758 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question

Need Help in Real-Time?

Connect with top rated Experts

20 Experts available now in Live!

Get 1:1 Help Now