auto change password to default password when userid account password expires

Posted on 2010-08-30
Last Modified: 2012-05-10
Hi, i like to have a script which will change password to default when password expires. For example, if a user password is expired, it will be auto set to default password and the userid of the user will be reflected in the output file so that we can do the nesessary to change it. can this script be done up?
Question by:Shankar3003
  • 2

Expert Comment

ID: 33564257
the following site has very very cool scripts, will help you...

you have two requirement,
to know "when password is going to expire"
to Set a password

this site has both script is separate form, see if these are helpful

Expert Comment

ID: 33564272
LVL 65

Accepted Solution

RobSampson earned 500 total points
ID: 33564410
Hi, this script will do the job for you.  It will need to be scheduled to run once per day or whatever you need.  Modify these lines:

strLogFile = "\\server\share\expiredpasswordresetlog.txt"
strDefaultPassword = "defaultpassword"
strOUPath = "ou=users,ou=main office,"

Leave strOUPath as a blank string
strOUPath = ""

if you want it to run over your entire AD.

For the moment, I have commented out these two lines:
                              'objUser.SetPassword strDefaultPassword

so that you can check the output, and make sure it identifies the correct accounts, before making any changes.  When you're happy with that, uncomment those lines by removing the apostrophe, and it will set the password.


' Source:

' Under: Listing 7. Answer to the exercise

'On Error Resume Next

If Right(LCase(WScript.FullName), 11) = "wscript.exe" Then

	Set objShell = CreateObject("WScript.Shell")

	objShell.Run "cmd /k cscript """ & WScript.ScriptFullName & """", 1, False

	Set objShell = Nothing


End If


Const E_ADS_PROPERTY_NOT_FOUND  = &h8000500D

Const ONE_HUNDRED_NANOSECOND    = .000000100

Const SECONDS_IN_DAY            = 86400

Set adoCommand = CreateObject("ADODB.Command")

Set adoConnection = CreateObject("ADODB.Connection")

adoConnection.Provider = "ADsDSOObject"

adoConnection.Open "Active Directory Provider"

adoCommand.ActiveConnection = adoConnection

 ' Search entire Active Directory domain.

Set objRootDSE = GetObject("LDAP://RootDSE")

strDNSDomain = objRootDSE.Get("defaultNamingContext")

strLogFile = "\\server\share\expiredpasswordresetlog.txt"

strDefaultPassword = "defaultpassword"

strOUPath = "ou=users,ou=main office,"

If strOUPath <> "" Then

	If Right(strOUPath, 1) <> "," Then strOUPath = strOUPath & ","

End If

Set objFSO = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")

Set objLog = objFSO.OpenTextFile(strLogFile, 8, True)

strBase = "<LDAP://" & strOUPath & strDNSDomain & ">"

strFilter = "(&(objectCategory=person)(objectClass=user))"

' Comma delimited list of attribute values to retrieve.

'strAttributes = "sAMAccountName,cn"

strAttributes = "adsPath"

' Construct the LDAP syntax query.

strQuery = strBase & ";" & strFilter & ";" & strAttributes & ";subtree"

adoCommand.CommandText = strQuery

adoCommand.Properties("Page Size") = 1000

adoCommand.Properties("Timeout") = 30

adoCommand.Properties("Cache Results") = False

' Run the query.

Set adoRecordset = adoCommand.Execute

While Not adoRecordset.EOF

	Set objUser = GetObject(adoRecordset.Fields("adsPath").Value)

	intUserAccountControl = objUser.Get("userAccountControl")

	If Not intUserAccountControl And ADS_UF_DONT_EXPIRE_PASSWD Then

		On Error Resume Next

		dtmValue = objUser.PasswordLastChanged

		If Not Err.Number = E_ADS_PROPERTY_NOT_FOUND Then

			intTimeInterval = Int(Now - dtmValue)


			Set objDomain = GetObject("LDAP://" & strDNSDomain)

			Set objMaxPwdAge = objDomain.Get("maxPwdAge")


			If objMaxPwdAge.LowPart > 0 Then

				dblMaxPwdNano = Abs(objMaxPwdAge.HighPart * 2^32 + objMaxPwdAge.LowPart)

				dblMaxPwdSecs = dblMaxPwdNano * ONE_HUNDRED_NANOSECOND

				dblMaxPwdDays = Int(dblMaxPwdSecs / SECONDS_IN_DAY)


				If intTimeInterval >= dblMaxPwdDays Then

					WScript.Echo "The password for " & objUser.DisplayName & " has expired."

					'objUser.SetPassword strDefaultPassword


					objLog.WriteLine Now & " - reset password for " & objUser.distinguishedName


					'WScript.Echo "The password for " & objUser.DisplayName & " has not expired."

				End If

			End If

		End If

	End If




WScript.Echo VbCrLf & VbCrLf & "Finished."

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