Solved

Single drive to RAID 1 HELP

Posted on 2010-09-01
14
524 Views
Last Modified: 2016-12-08
We have a PowerEdge server with a single SATA drive that seems to be failing.  
We have two new SATA drives and a RAID controller and would like to move from a single drive to RAID 1.  

I thought about cloning the drive with Clonezilla, building the RAID and dumping the image back.
However, my logic tells me this is not going to work because the image will have drivers for the old controller and not for the new RAID controller.

Is there a solution for this scenario that does not involve reinstalling everything from scratch?

0
Comment
Question by:cartereverett
  • 5
  • 2
  • 2
  • +3
14 Comments
 
LVL 1

Expert Comment

by:superpsycodude
ID: 33578798
I have done something similar moving from an IDE hard drive to a SATA.  Basically, you have to load the RAID controllers drivers on the failing hard drive, then clone to one of the new drives and set up the RAID array
0
 
LVL 5

Accepted Solution

by:
TechnicallyMaybe earned 250 total points
ID: 33578829
1. Shut down the server and install just the array controller.
2. Boot up the server and install the drivers for new array controller.
3. Install the 2 new drives as a RAID1.
4. Clone the old drive image to the new array.
5. Set the boot controller to the new array controller.
It will boot since you installed the drivers in step 2.
0
 
LVL 1

Expert Comment

by:superpsycodude
ID: 33578836
Also, if you are worried about the drive degrading more by booting the OS, you could clone it to one of the new drives, boot the OS off of it, load the RAID controller's drivers, and finally, set up the RAID array.
0
Netscaler Common Configuration How To guides

If you use NetScaler you will want to see these guides. The NetScaler How To Guides show administrators how to get NetScaler up and configured by providing instructions for common scenarios and some not so common ones.

 
LVL 47

Expert Comment

by:dlethe
ID: 33578869
Make sure the cloning is not a bit-level copy.  That will not work if the disks are all the same size. (The RAID controller steals a little of the disk for metadata, so you will end up with fewer usable blocks).   use a backup product that will do a hot metal restore and resize partitions, and deal with slightly different HAL).   Acronis has a good product to do this.  

I am not saying clonezilla won't work.  I do not know, I am just telling you that it is not just a bit-level copy problem if the disks are same capacity due to metadata requirement.
0
 

Author Comment

by:cartereverett
ID: 33578958
TechnicallyMaybe:

" Set the boot controller to the new array controller."
How would you set the boot controller to the new array controller?  Isn't this done from the OS?
0
 
LVL 5

Expert Comment

by:TechnicallyMaybe
ID: 33579215
No you would do this in the BIOS
0
 
LVL 32

Expert Comment

by:PowerEdgeTech
ID: 33579959
You would make sure that the controller is listed (and active) in the boot order.  What controller are you thinking of using?  In which PowerEdge server?
0
 

Author Comment

by:cartereverett
ID: 33580074
SAS6ir controller / PE R200
0
 

Author Comment

by:cartereverett
ID: 33586796
@dlethe
Do you know the name of the Acronis product?
0
 
LVL 47

Expert Comment

by:dlethe
ID: 33586867
acronis universal restore ... it will let you restore with different disk configs, as well as different HAL.  Free eval too on their website (or there used to be one).
0
 

Author Comment

by:cartereverett
ID: 33586872
Great, thanks.
0
 
LVL 5

Expert Comment

by:lscarbor
ID: 33588485
A RAID 1 with one drive should boot the SATA drive with the controller's built-in BIOS. Since it is a free-standing drive (not paired or mirrored), you should, in most cases, be able to boot it or a clone on a different controller.
If it doesn't boot, try changing the controller to install its own BIOS on boot up and see if it boots.

Important:
I'd use the clone and never touch the original after the clone is made.
*******************************************************
This morning, I copied a SATA drive to another SATA drive and booted it on a PERC 3 RAID. Since there is only one drive, I just told the array controller to accept a single drive RAID but I DID NOT INITIALIZE the drive.
I used Ghost and expanded the partition while I was at it.
The computer booted first time. Now I can add a second drive and mirror etc.  
0
 

Author Comment

by:cartereverett
ID: 33588637
@lscarbor

So on my scenario where I do not have the controller yet installed, are this the steps I would follow?

1) install new controller
2) attach one drive to the controller without initializing it.
3) clone the original drive to the one attached to the controller
4) add the second drive to the controller and let it rebuild

Why did you have to expand the partition?
What version of Ghost did you use?

0
 
LVL 32

Assisted Solution

by:PowerEdgeTech
PowerEdgeTech earned 250 total points
ID: 33589767
One problem ... the SAS 6/iR cannot configure RAID with a single disk.  You can use a single disk, but it will be in JBOD mode, which is not compatible with data in RAID mode.  If you clone to a single drive connected to the SAS 6, then try to mirror it, it will create and initialize a new array, wiping out what you just put on there.  You will need to configure your RAID 1 with both disks on the controller, then clone to that drive (which is a virtual disk/container/array containing two physical drives) that you created on the controller.  
0

Featured Post

Netscaler Common Configuration How To guides

If you use NetScaler you will want to see these guides. The NetScaler How To Guides show administrators how to get NetScaler up and configured by providing instructions for common scenarios and some not so common ones.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

Concerto Cloud Services, a provider of fully managed private, public and hybrid cloud solutions, announced today it was named to the 20 Coolest Cloud Infrastructure Vendors Of The 2017 Cloud  (http://www.concertocloud.com/about/in-the-news/2017/02/0…
The business world is becoming increasingly integrated with tech. It’s not just for a select few anymore — but what about if you have a small business? It may be easier than you think to integrate technology into your small business, and it’s likely…
This tutorial will walk an individual through the process of installing the necessary services and then configuring a Windows Server 2012 system as an iSCSI target. To install the necessary roles, go to Server Manager, and select Add Roles and Featu…
This Micro Tutorial will teach you how to reformat your flash drive. Sometimes your flash drive may have issues carrying files so this will completely restore it to manufacturing settings. Make sure to backup all files before reformatting. This w…

789 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question