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Single drive to RAID 1 HELP

Posted on 2010-09-01
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Last Modified: 2016-12-08
We have a PowerEdge server with a single SATA drive that seems to be failing.  
We have two new SATA drives and a RAID controller and would like to move from a single drive to RAID 1.  

I thought about cloning the drive with Clonezilla, building the RAID and dumping the image back.
However, my logic tells me this is not going to work because the image will have drivers for the old controller and not for the new RAID controller.

Is there a solution for this scenario that does not involve reinstalling everything from scratch?

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Question by:cartereverett
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by:superpsycodude
ID: 33578798
I have done something similar moving from an IDE hard drive to a SATA.  Basically, you have to load the RAID controllers drivers on the failing hard drive, then clone to one of the new drives and set up the RAID array
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TechnicallyMaybe earned 250 total points
ID: 33578829
1. Shut down the server and install just the array controller.
2. Boot up the server and install the drivers for new array controller.
3. Install the 2 new drives as a RAID1.
4. Clone the old drive image to the new array.
5. Set the boot controller to the new array controller.
It will boot since you installed the drivers in step 2.
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by:superpsycodude
ID: 33578836
Also, if you are worried about the drive degrading more by booting the OS, you could clone it to one of the new drives, boot the OS off of it, load the RAID controller's drivers, and finally, set up the RAID array.
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by:dlethe
ID: 33578869
Make sure the cloning is not a bit-level copy.  That will not work if the disks are all the same size. (The RAID controller steals a little of the disk for metadata, so you will end up with fewer usable blocks).   use a backup product that will do a hot metal restore and resize partitions, and deal with slightly different HAL).   Acronis has a good product to do this.  

I am not saying clonezilla won't work.  I do not know, I am just telling you that it is not just a bit-level copy problem if the disks are same capacity due to metadata requirement.
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by:cartereverett
ID: 33578958
TechnicallyMaybe:

" Set the boot controller to the new array controller."
How would you set the boot controller to the new array controller?  Isn't this done from the OS?
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by:TechnicallyMaybe
ID: 33579215
No you would do this in the BIOS
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by:PowerEdgeTech
ID: 33579959
You would make sure that the controller is listed (and active) in the boot order.  What controller are you thinking of using?  In which PowerEdge server?
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by:cartereverett
ID: 33580074
SAS6ir controller / PE R200
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by:cartereverett
ID: 33586796
@dlethe
Do you know the name of the Acronis product?
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by:dlethe
ID: 33586867
acronis universal restore ... it will let you restore with different disk configs, as well as different HAL.  Free eval too on their website (or there used to be one).
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by:cartereverett
ID: 33586872
Great, thanks.
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by:lscarbor
ID: 33588485
A RAID 1 with one drive should boot the SATA drive with the controller's built-in BIOS. Since it is a free-standing drive (not paired or mirrored), you should, in most cases, be able to boot it or a clone on a different controller.
If it doesn't boot, try changing the controller to install its own BIOS on boot up and see if it boots.

Important:
I'd use the clone and never touch the original after the clone is made.
*******************************************************
This morning, I copied a SATA drive to another SATA drive and booted it on a PERC 3 RAID. Since there is only one drive, I just told the array controller to accept a single drive RAID but I DID NOT INITIALIZE the drive.
I used Ghost and expanded the partition while I was at it.
The computer booted first time. Now I can add a second drive and mirror etc.  
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Author Comment

by:cartereverett
ID: 33588637
@lscarbor

So on my scenario where I do not have the controller yet installed, are this the steps I would follow?

1) install new controller
2) attach one drive to the controller without initializing it.
3) clone the original drive to the one attached to the controller
4) add the second drive to the controller and let it rebuild

Why did you have to expand the partition?
What version of Ghost did you use?

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by:PowerEdgeTech
PowerEdgeTech earned 250 total points
ID: 33589767
One problem ... the SAS 6/iR cannot configure RAID with a single disk.  You can use a single disk, but it will be in JBOD mode, which is not compatible with data in RAID mode.  If you clone to a single drive connected to the SAS 6, then try to mirror it, it will create and initialize a new array, wiping out what you just put on there.  You will need to configure your RAID 1 with both disks on the controller, then clone to that drive (which is a virtual disk/container/array containing two physical drives) that you created on the controller.  
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