What pattern is this

Hi,

I saw that in boost::asio.
Maybe someone knows name of this pattern and why/when should i use it or why not.
Its remainds me pimpl idiom.
Pattern looks like this

 
template <typename ServiceName>
class basic_service
{
  typedef ServiceName ImplType
public:
     Init()
     {
        impl_.Init();
     }
private:
    ImplType impl_
};

From what i see. I could pass different types in template argument: 
basic_service<Service1> aaa
basic_service<Service2> bbb

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lavitzAsked:
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käµfm³d 👽Connect With a Mentor Commented:
>>  From what i see. I could pass different types in template argument:

Yes you are correct, you can pass other types in this manner. What you are looking at is a template class. A template class is one in which you write a common set of logic once and you have the ability to reuse that logic by passing different types into the template parameter. Think of template classes in the same way you were taught classes--but instead of creating a blueprint that will be used to recreate objects of the same type, you are creating a blueprint to recreate logic for different types. Templates allow you to write logic once and reuse that same logic on multiple types of classes. Other languages, such as C# and Java, refer to this style as Generics.

I believe C++ also has the concept of templated functions--where only a single function is templated, not an entire class.
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ambienceConnect With a Mentor Commented:
I think it's called proxy class pattern, also famously known as pimpl pattern in c++ jargon.The basic_service wrapper will proxy calls to the implementation and hence a proxy class.
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XMarshall10Commented:
I agree that this is an pimpl pattern.

The code: ImplType impl_
  is a forward declaration of an opaque pointer, details of which is implemented in the implementation file (generally the corresponding CPP file).

In C++ jargon, this is also known as Compiler firewall.

-XM
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