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Error while restoring backup while setting up transactional replication

Msg 21397, Level 16, State 1, Procedure sp_MSaddautonosyncsubscription, Line 279
The transactions required for synchronizing the nosync subscription created from the specified backup are unavailable at the Distributor. Retry the operation again with a more up-to-date log, differential, or full database backup.

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venk_r
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venk_r
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1 Solution
 
Máté FarkasDatabase Developer and AdministratorCommented:
Which statement or operation have you run when you get this message (please provide the full statement)?
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avirupsCommented:
Msg 21397
The transactions required for synchronizing the nosync subscription created from the specified backup are unavailable at the Distributor. Retry the operation again with a more up-to-date log, differential, or full database backup.
 
Quick Checks:

-- on the publisher database
select allow_initialize_from_backup, min_autonosync_lsn,* from syspublications
allow_initialize_from_backup  = 1  
min_autonosync_lsn = the lsn from which the commands should be applied at the subscriber
--on distribution database
select min_autonosync_lsn,* from distribution.dbo.mspublications
min_autonosync_lsn will be the same as the syspublications.min_autonosync_lsn

During the execution of sp_addsubscription, we perform validation in sp_MSaddautonosyncsubscription procedure before we create the subscription.

--on distribution database
select subscription_seqno,publisher_seqno,ss_cplt_seqno,* from distribution.dbo.mssubscriptions
min_autonosync_lsn should be always less than the subscription_seqno

When we execute sp_addsubscrption with @backupdevicename='backup device', we are executing the “RESTORE HEADERONLY” on the backup and getting the LASTLSN of the latest backup if the backup set contains multiple backups. All this logic is handled in sp_MSextractlastlsnfrombackup proc. This proc is executed inside sp_MSaddautonosyncsubscription procedure.

RESTORE HEADERONLY FROM DISK on the backup set and get the lastLSN from the latest backup. Use the following SQL to get the binary form of the lsn.
declare @numericlsn numeric(25,0)
declare @high4bytelsncomponent bigint,
@mid4bytelsncomponent bigint,
@low2bytelsncomponent int
 
--set the lsn here
set @numericlsn = 93000000070800001
 
select @high4bytelsncomponent = convert(bigint, floor(@numericlsn / 1000000000000000))
select @numericlsn = @numericlsn - convert(numeric(25,0), @high4bytelsncomponent) * 1000000000000000
select @mid4bytelsncomponent = convert(bigint,floor(@numericlsn / 100000))
select @numericlsn = @numericlsn - convert(numeric(25,0), @mid4bytelsncomponent) * 100000
select @low2bytelsncomponent = convert(int, @numericlsn)
 
SELECT  convert(binary(4), @high4bytelsncomponent) + convert(binary(4), @mid4bytelsncomponent) + convert(binary(2), @low2bytelsncomponent)
This is the lsn from which the Distribution agent will pick up the commands from msrepl_transactions and apply at the subscriber.

Potential Problems

If the backup set contains multiple backup sets, the sp_addsubscrption logic select the first backup set and not the most recent backup set.  As result, the Subscriber may not have the most recent copy of the Publication database.  After all, reason we we’re doing this method is to reduce the data transfer time to the Subscriber.  We didn’t count on the backup set having multiple copies of the Published database.  Kinds of defeats trying to “save time” using Backups.

Solution: When using “allow initialization from backup files” always create the Publisher backup to a NEW backup (*.bak) file.
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Vitor MontalvãoMSSQL Senior EngineerCommented:
I'll suggest you to reinitialize the replication with new snapshot.
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venk_rAuthor Commented:
I cannot reintialize  the snapshot as the data is huge and it will take almost 2 days to complete.The only I got is to restore the backup on the subscriber.Meanwhile I have tried restoring differential backups followed by full still no luck.Just to let you the test system(publisher) as  got no active transations.So there is no chance of LSN going out of sync.
Thanks
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Vitor MontalvãoMSSQL Senior EngineerCommented:
Well, if you won't create new snapshot then restore subscriber database should work as well.

Good luck
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avirupsCommented:
Did you get a chance to try the solution posted above? Let me know if that did not work.
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venk_rAuthor Commented:
thanks
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