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Verify MD5 hash value of file using batch script under Microsoft Windows from the command line

Posted on 2010-09-09
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Last Modified: 2013-11-05
Hi all,

Here is a batch script snippet I coded this morning which allows you to verify the MD5 hash value of a given file.  I am posting this for prosperity.

The script assumes the md5 hash value is contained in a .md5 file and the naming convention appears as so:

example.zip
example.zip.md5

The .md5 file should contain only the hash value, which may or may not be enclosed in quotation marks.

Requires: Microsoft  File Checksum Integrity Verifier (FCIV)
URL: http://support.microsoft.com/kb/841290


NOTE: This solution could easily be modified to support SHA-1 hash values.
:md5
for /f %%f in ('dir "*.md5" /s/b') do (
	set file=%%f
	for /f %%a in ('type "!file!"') do (
		set md5=%%a
		set md5=!md5:"=!
		set file=!file:~,-4!
		for /f "skip=3" %%b in ('fciv "!file!"') do (
			if [!md5!]==[%%b] (
				echo PASS: !file!
				echo MD5: !md5! vs. %%b
				echo.
			) else (
				echo !!! FAIL: !file!
				echo MD5: !md5! vs. %%b
			)
		)
	)
)

Open in new window

 Also, this requires setlocal enabledelayedexpansion to be previously executed.
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Comment
Question by:Giovanni Heward
  • 2
3 Comments
 
LVL 40

Expert Comment

by:Richard Quadling
ID: 33644801
Hi.

First of all, great script. I think EE could do some clever work with having a script repository.

A few questions/comments/ideas.

1 - Just in case there is a directory called something.md5, I would add /a-d to the dir line.

for /f %%f in ('dir "*.md5" /s/b/a-d') do (


2 - for /F will open a file without the need to TYPE it first.

for /f %%a in (!file!) do (


3 - When FCIV generates the hash, the output is the hash and the filename.

It may be useful to validate the name also. Whilst this is not always useful, knowing that the filename is different could be an issue.

0
 
LVL 15

Author Comment

by:Giovanni Heward
ID: 33647500
Thank you RQuadling!  Those are excellent suggestions!  I really appreciate the feedback.

I've attached an enlarged snippet and it seems like your the man to ask about a question I have pertaining to it.

The question I have is pertaining to variable variables...  I was trying to set a variable flag to ensure duplicate files weren't processed and couldn't figure it out so I ended up writing a temp file instead.  I'd rather use a variable and save the disk I/O.

Is there a way of doing something like this...

if not [!!file!_flag!]==[true]     (
     echo processing !file!
     set !file!_flag=true
) else (
     echo !file! already processed.
)

@echo off
:	*** this script should not be ran more frequently than 15 minute intervals from a single IP address ***
if not exist %windir%\wget.exe echo %windir%\wget.exe not found.&echo Obtain from http://gnuwin32.sourceforge.net/packages/wget.htm&goto :eof
if not exist %windir%\fciv.exe echo %windir%\fciv.exe not found.&echo Obtain from http://support.microsoft.com/kb/841290&goto :eof
if not exist %windir%\system32\findstr.exe echo %windir%\system32\findstr.exe not found.&goto :eof
if not exist cert-bundle.crt echo cert-bundle.crt not found in current folder.&goto :eof
setlocal enabledelayedexpansion
set url=http://www.snort.org/pub-bin/oinkmaster.cgi/{oink_code}
wget -t 10 http://www.snort.org/snort-rules/ -O snort-rules.html --user-agent="Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 8.0; Windows NT 6.1; Trident/4.0; SLCC2; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; .NET CLR 3.5.30729; .NET CLR 3.0.30729; Media Center PC 6.0; InfoPath.3; MS-RTC LM 8; Tablet PC 2.0; .NET4.0C)"
for /f "tokens=2 delims=>" %%a in ('findstr /r /c:"\<snortrules-snapshot-....\.tar\.gz\>" snort-rules.html') do 	(
	set rule=%%a
	for /f "tokens=1 delims=<" %%b in ("!rule!") do (
		set file=%%b
		if not exist !file!.tmp (
			wget -t 10 !url!/!file!.md5 -O !file!.md5 --secure-protocol=TLSv1 --ca-certificate=cert-bundle.crt --random-wait --user-agent="Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 8.0; Windows NT 6.1; Trident/4.0; SLCC2; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; .NET CLR 3.5.30729; .NET CLR 3.0.30729; Media Center PC 6.0; InfoPath.3; MS-RTC LM 8; Tablet PC 2.0; .NET4.0C)"
			for %%r in (!file!.md5) do if not %%~zr gtr 0 del !file!.md5
			wget -t 10 !url!/!file! -O !file! --secure-protocol=TLSv1 --ca-certificate=cert-bundle.crt --random-wait --user-agent="Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 8.0; Windows NT 6.1; Trident/4.0; SLCC2; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; .NET CLR 3.5.30729; .NET CLR 3.0.30729; Media Center PC 6.0; InfoPath.3; MS-RTC LM 8; Tablet PC 2.0; .NET4.0C)"
			for %%r in (!file!) do if not %%~zr gtr 0 del !file!
			echo !file! processed on %date% at %time% > !file!.tmp
		)
	)
)
if exist *.tmp del *.tmp
:md5
for /f %%f in ('dir "snortrules-snapshot-????.tar.gz.md5" /s/b/a-d') do (
	set file=%%f
	for /f %%a in (!file!) do (
		set md5=%%a
		set md5=!md5:"=!
		set file=!file:~,-4!
		if exist !file! for /f "skip=3" %%b in ('fciv "!file!"') do (
			if [!md5!]==[%%b] (
				echo GOOD: !file!
				echo MD5: !md5! vs. %%b
				echo.
			) else (
				echo !!! FAIL: !file!
				echo MD5: !md5! vs. %%b
			)
		) else (
			echo !file! not found.
		)
	)
)

Open in new window

cert-bundle.crt.txt
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LVL 40

Accepted Solution

by:
Richard Quadling earned 20 total points
ID: 33647608
If you remove the _!flag! bit entirely..

[2010/09/10 16:49:11] [Z:\] [\\richardquadling\scratch$ ] >SET C:\SomeFileFound=True

[2010/09/10 16:49:34] [Z:\] [\\richardquadling\scratch$ ] >SET C:\SomeFileFound
C:\SomeFileFound=True


So you can set any env var.

The chance of collision? As long as the FULL name is used, then none.
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