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Microsoft Virtual Server Hard disk (VHD) size is increasing.

Posted on 2010-09-14
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Last Modified: 2013-11-23
Hi,
On one of my physical server's secondary drive which had 73 GB free space i had installed an instance of Microsoft Virtual server 2005 R2 and create a virtual machine with 50 GB hard disk. Today the size of VHD reached 72 GB and virtual machine getting dismounted again n again.
I have checked and found that my virtual machine has 40 GB free space so now i want to decrease and limit  the size of VHD from 50 to 20.
Please let me know how can i do it. My physical mahine is running on 2003 standard edition with SP2.
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Question by:pdixit1977
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by:pdixit1977
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i forgot to mention that i had created dynamic disk not fixed disk.
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Expert Comment

by:msmamji
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So If I understood you right, you want to resize your VHD from 50 GB to 20 GB and change its type from dynamic to fixed.
You first have to shrink the volume from inside the VM and shrink it to the maximum size of the VHD you want. If you succeed in this, you can then use VHDResizer tool to resize the VHD and make it fixed.

Kindly look at my comments from another thread.
http://www.experts-exchange.com/Microsoft/Applications/Virtual_Server/Q_26398933.html

Let me know if you still have confusion.

Regards,
Shahid
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by:pdixit1977
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how to shrink the VHD inside the VM ?
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by:msmamji
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You need to first open disk management (diskmgmt.msc) form inside the VM. Select the volume you wish to shrink, right click and select shrink. A wizard will be presented to you giving you the max amount the disk can be shrinked to.  
A few catches, the shrink option is available on disk management mmc on vista and above OSes, not on XP/2003. Hopefully you are not running xp or 2003, if not, then there are a few things that we can do but will let you know fi that is the case.
The other thing to keep in mind is that, the amount of space presented to you during the shrink option depends on the offset to which the data has been written in the disk. A better way would be to first defrag the volume and then try the shrink option.

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by:pdixit1977
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you mean defrag ??
if yes then i alredy did that.
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by:msmamji
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Yes.
did you try shrink then?
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by:pdixit1977
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yes, i already shrinked it. Let me run VHDResizer.
Do you have any good and free VHDResizer tool  ??
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Expert Comment

by:msmamji
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dear, the VHDResizer link was mentioned in my other post. Well, anyways you can download it from here.
http://vmtoolkit.com/files/folders/converters/entry87.aspx

Here is a post you can look at aswell.
http://www.windowsreference.com/free-utilities/vhd-resizer-resize-microsofts-vhd-hyper-v-files/

Regards,
Shahid
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by:pdixit1977
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I have tried vhdresizer but when i map my VHD, it says invalid VHD select other one.
Please help
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by:pdixit1977
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i think this tool is inteneded for vmware's VHD not for Microsoft VHD, thought ???
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msmamji earned 500 total points
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VMware uses vmdk as there Virtual Hard Disk format. VHDResizer is for VHDs and they are used in Microsoft Virtualization.
Try another VHD, see if you get the same error.
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by:pdixit1977
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Sorry, i dont have any other VHD.
Now i m planning to mount this VHD on other server where i have space available but at the same time i want to change it from dynamic VHD to Fixed size VHD so that i wont face same issue again.

Please help me on this.
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Author Closing Comment

by:pdixit1977
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problem is still there but thanks for good articles, tools and help
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