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Bash Regular expression

Posted on 2010-09-16
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Last Modified: 2012-05-10
The result of the following match is successful. Why?
 x=12345 ; [[ $x =~ ^[0-9]{3} ]] && echo 3 digits

I thought I wanted only 3 digits.  So to me it should have failed.  I was only expecting it to work for x=123.

Please explain.  Also if I want to match only 3 digits, what would be the regular expression?
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Question by:farzanj
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6 Comments
 
LVL 3

Expert Comment

by:kf4zmt
ID: 33696246
Are you saying it echoed "12345"?  It echoed 5 digits?
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LVL 6

Accepted Solution

by:
DalHorinek earned 250 total points
ID: 33696331
You need to

 [[ $x =~ ^[0-9]{3}$ ]]

Because otherwise it matches 3 numbers on the begining and then there can be anything ...

$ says that there can't be anything else.
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LVL 4

Assisted Solution

by:Tachion
Tachion earned 200 total points
ID: 33696359
The reason it also works on 12345 (and 123abc for that matter) is that you only specify a match for the first 3 characters of the string to be numbers. You don't say "nothing may come after".

The following DOES work:

x=1234 ; [[ $x =~ ^[0-9]{3}$ ]] && echo 3 digits

The $ says, "nothing more".
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LVL 33

Assisted Solution

by:pgnatyuk
pgnatyuk earned 50 total points
ID: 33696571
x=123 ; [[ $x = [0-9][0-9][0-9] ]] && echo 3 digits

says "3 digits" for '123' and not for '1234' or '12'.

I'm late. But I think, this is the simplest variant - nothing to explain, everything's clear
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LVL 31

Author Comment

by:farzanj
ID: 33696739
Thanks for your help.  Appreciated
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Author Comment

by:farzanj
ID: 33702007
I think due change of interface, I had awarded points but it did not go through.  Please open it again so that I can award points.  Thanks.
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